Definition of oesophagus in English:


(US esophagus)


  • The part of the alimentary canal which connects the throat to the stomach. In humans and other vertebrates it is a muscular tube lined with mucous membrane.

    • ‘Patients can also bleed into muscles, into the esophagus, or into the stomach or intestine.’
    • ‘Bulimia can cause tears and irritation in the esophagus, stomach, and intestines.’
    • ‘For cancers of the oesophagus and lung, survival rates are low and absolute improvements are small.’
    • ‘The reddish columnar mucosa is in sharp contrast to the pale-pink mucosa of the esophagus.’
    • ‘It happens when acid from your stomach leaks back up through your oesophagus and throat.’
    • ‘This allows the doctor to look at the esophagus and the stomach through a scope to be sure the stomach is healthy.’
    • ‘Vomiting may cause a tear in the small blood vessels of the throat or lower esophagus.’
    • ‘The cause is a weakness of the sphincter muscle between the esophagus and stomach.’
    • ‘The suture line is where the surgeon has sewn the remaining esophagus to the stomach or bowel.’
    • ‘A long, thin, bendy tube with a camera on the end is passed down your throat and into the oesophagus.’
    • ‘The weakest part of the diaphragm is the hole through which the oesophagus passes.’
    • ‘The affected part of the oesophagus and the lymph glands around it are taken out.’
    • ‘For an endoscopy, a thin tube with a tiny camera inside it is put down your throat and into your esophagus so the doctor can look at it.’
    • ‘In babies with esophageal atresia, the esophagus comes to a dead end instead of connecting to the stomach.’
    • ‘Peristaltic movements are co-ordinated by neurons within the oesophagus and connecting it to the brain.’
    • ‘Tables are not used in the sections for the esophagus and the small intestine.’
    • ‘Food enters the mouth and travels through the esophagus to the stomach, located in the upper abdomen.’
    • ‘Saliva rinses the esophagus and buffers acid that has splashed out of the stomach.’
    • ‘A monitor is connected to the waist after the capsule is swallowed and the oesophagus, stomach and intestines are screened.’
    • ‘Repeated exposure of the esophagus to stomach contents leads to esophagitis.’
    • ‘Esophageal foreign bodies can damage the esophagus and lead to strictures.’
    • ‘I'm looking at the factors in the oesophagus and stomach which we think are important in causing reflux.’
    • ‘On endoscopic examination, retention of saliva in the distal esophagus was noted.’
    • ‘A chest radiograph showed a penny in his oesophagus near the upper oesophageal sphincter.’
    • ‘The band is placed near the upper end of the stomach just below the junction of the stomach and the esophagus.’
    • ‘It is the backward flow of acid from the stomach up into the esophagus.’
    • ‘Normally, the lower esophageal sphincter stops stomach acid from entering the esophagus.’
    • ‘This is the point at which the tubular esophagus joins the saccular stomach.’
    • ‘Inlet patch is a congenital anomaly of the cervical esophagus consisting of gastric mucosa.’
    • ‘A layer of mucus lines the stomach, oesophagus and intestines to act as a barrier against this acid.’
    • ‘Cancer of the small intestine, esophagus and pharynx is associated with celiac disease.’


Late Middle English: modern Latin, from Greek oisophagos.