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(of a spheroid) flattened at the poles.Often contrasted with prolate
- ‘An oblate spheroid is a surface of revolution obtained by rotating an ellipse about its minor axis’
- ‘A number of finite-strain studies from natural shear zones show oblate geometries.’
- ‘Kerr geometry uses something called oblate spheroidal coordinate system.’
- ‘The earth is actually best approximated as an oblate spheroid, meaning that it is flattened at the poles.’
- ‘In general, the strain ellipsoids have oblate strain symmetry with some data points in the prolate field.’
Early 18th century: from modern Latin oblatus (from ob- ‘inversely’ + -latus ‘carried’), on the pattern of Latin prolatus ‘prolonged’.
A person who is dedicated to a religious life, but has typically not taken full monastic vows.
- ‘In the course of the twelfth century, Benedictine houses abandoned the practice of receiving children as oblates, to be educated in the cloister as a preliminary to profession.’
- ‘Stanbrook, which also has 120 lay people, or oblates, is well-known for having Britain's oldest private printing press, the Abbey Press, established in 1876.’
- ‘Bede was offered as an oblate to the monastery of Wearmouth when he was only seven years old and spent his whole life as a monk.’
- ‘Nor is there much evidence to support the idea that the vast majority of churchgoing Catholics are eager to become Benedictine oblates.’
- ‘While monastic vocations decline, the number of monastic lay affiliates, or oblates, grows.’
Late 17th century: from French, from medieval Latin oblatus, past participle (used as a noun) of Latin offerre ‘to offer’.
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