Definition of nutrient in English:



  • A substance that provides nourishment essential for the maintenance of life and for growth.

    ‘fish is a source of many important nutrients, including protein, vitamins, and minerals’
    • ‘Most plants rely on a symbiotic fungus to aid them in acquiring water and nutrients from the soil.’
    • ‘The high moisture content and nutrients in cooked food make this growth possible.’
    • ‘Generally, side dishes serve to add flavor to the rice rather than provide nutrients.’
    • ‘The faster we can clean the blood, the more nutrients and oxygens the blood can carry.’
    • ‘Nitrogen has a favourable position among the essential nutrients in soil.’
    • ‘Many cultures have developed lunch which rather precisely balances essential nutrients.’
    • ‘Root growth defines the extent to which a plant explores soil for water and mineral nutrients.’
    • ‘Sugary drinks such as sodas fill you up with calories but provide no real nutrients.’
    • ‘To avoid accumulation of nutrients in the growth media, the sand was flushed once every week with water.’
    • ‘The Directive will limit the allowed doses of nutrients, initially vitamins and minerals.’
    • ‘Like the body's normal cells, cancer cells need a supply of oxygen and other nutrients to survive and grow.’
    • ‘It also dismisses laboratory evidence which suggests that nutrients can help the growth of algal toxins.’
    • ‘Some essential nutrients have no stores in the body, so we need regular supplies from food.’
    • ‘They replenish nutrients, restore blood sugar levels and help rehydrate the body.’
    • ‘They also play an important role in allowing nutrients and other chemicals to pass in and out of cells.’
    • ‘Mangoes are rich in the nutrients lutein and zeaxanthin that appear to help preserve our eyesight as we age.’
    • ‘As blood is pumped around the body, it carries oxygen and nutrients that are essential for life.’
    • ‘The three major nutrients in river water are carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus.’
    • ‘Mineral nutrients such as potassium are transported readily in the phloem.’
    • ‘The findings indicated that four out of ten women eat a diet that is likely to deprive a child of essential nutrients.’
    nourishment, nutriment, nutrients, sustenance, food, daily bread
    View synonyms


Mid 17th century: from Latin nutrient- ‘nourishing’, from the verb nutrire.