Definition of not in English:

not

adverb

  • 1Used with an auxiliary verb or ‘be’ to form the negative.

    ‘he would not say’
    ‘she isn't there’
    ‘didn't you tell me?’
    • ‘Not only are we not allowed to cycle any more, we are not allowed to ride the trams either.’
    • ‘Boozers in three of the area's busiest pubs will not be allowed to have a fag with their pint from next year.’
    • ‘I feel saddened that we live in a society where innocent mistakes are not allowed.’
    • ‘They expressed a wish to do a parachute jump from the tower then but were not allowed.’
    • ‘Having been out of the team for so long, he will not allow himself to rely on this change of fortune lasting.’
    • ‘And she was not allowed to leave the building through the front door for most of the day.’
    • ‘On what grounds Pilger is supposed to be disturbed we are not allowed to know.’
    • ‘Wilmut and his team insist they will not allow the cloned embryos to develop beyond an early stage.’
    • ‘We're not even allowed to put satellite dishes up but they're putting up a massive tower.’
    • ‘We feel developers should not be allowed to get away with extensions like this.’
    • ‘Now it turns out that certain people were not allowing him to do what he judged was best.’
    • ‘Kimberley was not allowed on the main road, but had decided to tag along on her pink mountain bike.’
    • ‘Here was someone who did not allow the horrific hand of commercialism to dilute his message.’
    • ‘The charity has said it may have to look for a site outside the county if work is not allowed to go ahead at the country park.’
    • ‘The police claim that the jury was not allowed to hear much important evidence.’
    • ‘We know how dangerous the volcano is and we must not allow it to claim any more lives.’
    • ‘Showmans Guild will not be allowed to change terms and conditions of membership.’
    • ‘I will not allow my extremely young Juliet to have caffeine before the performance.’
    • ‘Anyone deemed unfit to travel due to alcohol will not be allowed on the coach.’
    • ‘The court would not have allowed her release if she was a risk to the public.’
    1. 1.1 Used in some constructions with other verbs.
      with infinitive ‘he has been warned not to touch’
      ‘the pain of not knowing’
      ‘she not only wrote the text but also researched the photographs’
      • ‘It is warning consumers not to forget about these charges when they choose a credit card.’
      • ‘I have been given a sign today, and it would be remiss of me not to warn the rest of you.’
      • ‘When her neighbours heard her screaming in pain, they decided not to get involved.’
      • ‘He came over to the UK, but Warner in London warned him not to go south of the river.’
      • ‘You are warned not to touch the banisters in the empty, crumbling flats of Craigmillar.’
      • ‘Waldi warns us not to set up our beds outside the camp tonight as hyenas and jackals prowl this area.’
      • ‘Young people are warned not to give out any personal details that could be used to identify them.’
      • ‘They have recognised the need to save and reopen the Odeon, not to allow it to be replaced by a herb garden.’
      • ‘A spokeswoman for the Environment Agency urged the public not to touch any dead fish.’
      • ‘In Lima, a Peruvian guide warned us not to go out on foot and, if so, to walk briskly.’
      • ‘His civil servants have been warned not to ask him to do anything sedentary on July 2.’
      • ‘Scotland's public galleries seem determined not to allow such a situation to recur.’
      • ‘Families on an estate have been warned not to do any gardening after a toxic waste alert.’
      • ‘The supervisor warned me not to use my phone in the store, but said nothing about me being fired.’
      • ‘We were warned not to use the upper floor as it was considered unsafe and was closed to the public.’
      • ‘The doctor admitted she had forgotten to warn me not to fly soon after a procedure.’
      • ‘Members of the public are warned not to try to coax down the eagle themselves.’
      • ‘They told me to keep mother and baby warm and not to touch the umbilical cord.’
      • ‘However, Lisa comes right back on the offensive and warns her not to say a thing.’
      • ‘That should warn people not to write us off but it should also serve as a reminder to our own fans.’
  • 2Used as a short substitute for a negative clause.

    ‘maybe I'll regret it, but I hope not’
    ‘‘Don't you keep in touch?’ ‘I'm afraid not’’
    ‘they wouldn't know if I was telling the truth or not’
    • ‘Brain damage or not, she was going to walk, talk and get her life back on track.’
    • ‘We've got to start making changes to the way we live, whether we like it or not.’
    • ‘I can assure you, like it or not, I will post often and certainly more than just five times!’
    • ‘I don't go out much, I just sit at home and wait to hear if she's at the unit or not.’
    • ‘Regardless of whether or not you work from home, a small study area is a useful addition to a property.’
    • ‘Mum Allison is hoping to hear news today on whether or not she can donate bone marrow to Joshua.’
    • ‘Travel pages disclose if the writer was a guest of the organizers of the tour or not.’
    • ‘I will be making my decision on whether to stand for Mayor or not in the next few weeks.’
    • ‘I'm not knocking the luckless officer, who is going to be in trouble whether or not he had a beer.’
    • ‘The days are gone when I am going to get nervous about games or worry about whether or not I play well.’
    • ‘I will be a hundred years old before they decide whether they actually want to develop it, or not.’
    • ‘It's been reported that he also looks after a lady, whether he knows her or not.’
    • ‘It doesn't really matter if you like the movie or not, just going for the ride is a hoot.’
    • ‘The question isn't really whether editors can be granted copyright for their work or not.’
    • ‘One thing we can all be sure is being collected, part of the village or not, is our council tax each month.’
    • ‘It took me forever to decide whether or not I wanted to post a weekend post on my blog.’
    • ‘All incidents where glass was damaged were included whether reported to the police or not.’
    • ‘Still in two minds, though I think it might end up depending on whether it's raining or not.’
    • ‘Believe it or not, there are people out there who think we need more television.’
    • ‘The system is so complicated that if people are awarded a credit, there is no way of knowing if it is right or not.’
  • 3Used to express the negative of other words.

    ‘not a single attempt was made’
    ‘treating the symptoms and not the cause’
    ‘‘How was it?’ ‘Not so bad.’’
    • ‘As a result, he was getting through a not insignificant quantity of opiates to handle the pain.’
    • ‘I have a friend who likes even my bad sermons, but not even he liked my sermon that day.’
    • ‘The ball struck him and the referee then dismissed him for not retreating ten yards.’
    • ‘Instead, it is moving in reverse, which to American minds must be worse than not moving at all.’
    • ‘For more than an hour, I sat with an empty cup and not one single passer-by even glanced at me.’
    • ‘It was one of those situations where we needed a reaction within two days, not ten days.’
    • ‘My father joined me the next day and we not surprisingly returned to the same area.’
    • ‘Working conditions should surely be the same for everyone and not just a chosen few.’
    • ‘She sighed and got to her feet, not remembering how she had gotten to bed in the early hours of the morning.’
    • ‘Drugs are very, very dangerous, not because they are bad, but because they are good.’
    • ‘One in particular could have had a really bad outcome had it not been for a smoke alarm.’
    • ‘There wasn't a single bad performance all night, not a single dropped note or missed key.’
    • ‘The widening powers of the state were agreed to be beneficial not only in wartime but in peace as well.’
    • ‘Often it is not possible for everyone to agree to stay in jail for solidarity purposes.’
    • ‘So sit back and watch the gang as they grow up, but not apart, ten years in the future.’
    • ‘Beattie can be a belligerent figure, quick of feet but not always of mind on the pitch.’
    • ‘The blue haired girl stood in silence not hearing a single word the doctor had just spoke.’
    • ‘The most common is to label everyone who is not obviously a slave or a free man a serf.’
    • ‘To her surprise he not only replies but also invites her to interview him at his house.’
    • ‘Familiarity with No Angel makes it not surprising at all that she usually writes in bed.’
    1. 3.1 Used with a quantifier to exclude a person or part of a group.
      ‘not all the poems are serious’
      • ‘So not everyone who called themselves a fascist was one in the sense in which we are interested.’
      • ‘It might have been the gig of this year or any other, but not everyone was in thrall to the bands.’
      • ‘In an increasingly mobile world, not everyone has a fixed desktop on which to place one.’
      • ‘There are the large venues, but not everyone has hundreds of friends and relatives.’
      • ‘Krause maintains that not everyone joins the Friends or stays a member for the same reason.’
      • ‘Given that they sold very quickly, it is clear not everyone wants to live in the suburbs.’
      • ‘Please realise that not everyone in this country is as ignorant or shallow as these people.’
      • ‘However, not everyone is in favour of the move away from more traditional schemes.’
      • ‘My point here is that not everyone is like you or I or the rest of this messy site.’
      • ‘I think she is a brave woman because not everyone is sympathetic to domestic violence.’
      • ‘Due to this decline not everyone will be infected before the disease dies out.’
      • ‘There was a difference between the two, and not everyone could clearly detect it.’
      • ‘Remember though it is a skill and not everyone needs to learn, don't obsess about it!’
      • ‘Everyone wants a new school, but not everyone believes the chosen site is the right one.’
      • ‘Don't let bad reviews get you down because not everyone is going to like your music!’
      • ‘However convincing, not everyone is won over by the results of the gender research.’
      • ‘It sounds perfectly reasonable, but not everyone in Australia will see it that way.’
      • ‘The results indicate that not all functional elements have the same accuracy order.’
    2. 3.2 No more than (used to indicate a surprisingly small quantity)
      ‘the brakes went on not ten feet from him’
      • ‘The creak of a loose floorboard made her turn in distress to see the man not ten feet from her.’
      • ‘And that thing that you put down not ten minutes ago should shout, so you can find it.’
  • 4Used in understatements to suggest that the opposite of a following word or phrase is true.

    ‘the not too distant future’
    ‘not a million miles away’
    • ‘We will certainly be seeking to take out a warrant in the not too distant future.’
    • ‘I look forward to us all getting together again sometime in the not too distant future.’
    • ‘The story goes that London is invaded by demons in the not too distant future.’
    • ‘No doubt I will be back the area in the not too distant future and I will be able to fish Tree Meadow again.’
    • ‘The film clearly states a bleak depiction of man versus machine in the not too distant future.’
    • ‘This is an exhibition of ideas and what could be in the not so distant future.’
    • ‘It sounds unlikely, but it's not a million miles from the situation in the visual arts.’
    • ‘They are not a million miles away from being good enough to lift a trophy or break into the top six or seven in the league.’
    • ‘In the not too distant future, I can see a time when we have another bubble waiting to burst.’
    • ‘So if anyone fancies an obscure trip in the not too distant future, just let me know.’
    disinclined, reluctant, averse, loath, indisposed, not in the mood, slow, not about
    View synonyms
    1. 4.1humorous, informal Following and emphatically negating a statement.
      ‘that sounds like quality entertainment—not’

noun

often NOT
Electronics
  • 1A Boolean operator with only one variable that has the value one when the variable is zero and vice versa.

    1. 1.1 A circuit which produces an output signal only when there is not a signal on its input.

adjective

Art
  • (of paper) not hot-pressed, and having a slightly textured surface.

Phrases

  • not at all

    • 1Definitely not.

      ‘‘You don't mind?’ ‘Not at all.’’
      • ‘I thrive on this time of year and do not at all mind the darkening of the days.’
      • ‘Bearing this in mind, it is not at all surprising that charges of abuse of process gained momentum.’
      • ‘It is not at all what I had expected: but then, most people have no idea what asparagus looks like when it is growing.’
      • ‘I do not at all mind if Will somehow finds this out, but I met many a fine young man that afternoon.’
      • ‘Except that he was not at all, not even remotely, for a single second, funny.’
      • ‘The parents are terrified, their fears not at all eased by being referred to a brain surgeon.’
      • ‘In Louisbourg, a few people had flooding problems, but not at all on the scale of other areas.’
      • ‘I hasten to add that it is not that we want to pay more for our groceries - not at all.’
      • ‘The air between them was still hot with passion and their minds were not at all set on school.’
      • ‘This is not at all what a government website for the promotion of a nation's tourism should look like.’
      not at all, in no way, not in the least, not in the slightest, not the least bit, not by a long shot, certainly not, absolutely not, definitely not, on no account, under no circumstances
      View synonyms
    • 2Used as a polite response to thanks.

  • not but what

    • archaic Nevertheless.

      ‘not but what the picture has its darker side’
      • ‘I'm thinking he'll be sorry to see our backs, not but what he'd cut his throat sooner than admit it!’
  • not that

    • It is not to be inferred that.

      ‘I'll never be allowed back—not that I'd want to go back’
      • ‘There is also a sense that he is free to speak his mind - not that he ever bit his tongue in the commentary-box.’
      • ‘Even the most pretentious of wine snobs, not that I know any, can expect to be amazed at Bacar.’
      • ‘The gap opened quickly, not that there was ever any lessening in Radcliffe's effort.’
      • ‘These must be confusing times for the singer - not that this makes them anything new.’
      • ‘He may even have been present at my 18th birthday do - not that I can remember much about it.’
      • ‘It is their art and it is their sport, and it takes up a fair chunk of their lives, not that they complain.’
      • ‘It is supposed to be easier to win a title than it is to retain it, not that Glasgow Hawks noticed.’
      • ‘I have experience in this area, not that I have ever visited a working girl as I have not.’
      • ‘I felt her tilt her head back to look at me, not that she would have seen anything in the dark.’
  • not a thing

    • Nothing at all.

      • ‘If it is false, then there is not a thing that the government can do to clear its name.’
      • ‘His skin was smooth and without calluses; not a thing like Jessam's hands, I knew.’
      • ‘So about 18 months later we have this bill before the House, but it will do nothing to change those circumstances - not a thing.’
      • ‘There's not a thing on this world you could have done to stop us.’
      • ‘That happened 18 months to 2 years ago, and this Government did nothing - not a thing.’
      • ‘He laughed to the sky and sauntered away to his home in the night, happy-go-lucky and thinking he had not a thing to worry over.’
      • ‘And liberty or freedom would have had not a thing to do with it.’
      • ‘The Island, like Bay, delivers what's expected, and not a thing more.’
      • ‘I spent the whole day buying presents for him and the baby - not a thing for myself - all for my two great loves.’
      • ‘He had not a thing in the world but bluff and his own ego, his own will.’
      • ‘Even had he not a thing to do that day and business slow, his office itself would have offered any amount of distractions.’
      • ‘We did not hear a jot about that from Dr Brash - not a thing.’
      • ‘This bill does nothing for youth offending - not a thing.’
      • ‘Now after 30-odd years of work he has not a thing to show.’
      • ‘Di looked the two over and found not a thing in common.’
      • ‘And there's not a thing that anyone in Ireland is doing about it.’
      • ‘After you have been holding family meetings for several months, you may notice some week that meeting day has arrived and there is not a thing on the agenda.’
      • ‘Actually, there is not a thing for us to worry about on the policy front.’
      • ‘This has nothing to do with young people drinking - not a thing; because if it had, the Government would target the alcopops.’
      • ‘There's not a thing that's magical about a computer.’
      not a thing, not a single thing, not anything, nothing at all, nil, zero
      View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: contraction of the adverb nought.

Pronunciation

not

/nɒt/