Definition of nomenclature in English:

nomenclature

Pronunciation /nə(ʊ)ˈmɛŋklətʃə//ˈnəʊmənˌkleɪtʃə/

noun

mass noun
  • 1The devising or choosing of names for things, especially in a science or other discipline.

    ‘the Linnean system of zoological nomenclature’
    ‘the most important rule of nomenclature is that the name of a substance should be unambiguous’
    • ‘And, again as with wine, a whole complex system of nomenclature and description has grown up.’
    • ‘Each type of study has produced its own system of nomenclature and, hence, classification.’
    • ‘The topics in those categories that were less widely dispersed throughout the curriculum included stereochemistry, drug design, drug nomenclature, natural products and biotechnology.’
    • ‘As concerns nomenclature, inadvertently, Professor Judson fails to follow his own advice, no doubt because he is a historian, not a biologist.’
    • ‘Chapter 2 provides an informative and readable summary of nomenclature covering the rules and concepts of the zoological and botanical codes and their relation to stability.’
    • ‘These set guidelines and publish a reports containing the rules of nomenclature.’
    • ‘The Levinson system of nomenclature was proposed originally for rare-earth minerals in order to avoid a proliferation of trivial names.’
    • ‘The gene nomenclature follows the rules for gene symbols in wheat.’
    • ‘What we need is a return to industry-wide nomenclature for malicious code; used by all vendors and facilitating the reporting, analysis, and resolution of such outbreaks.’
    • ‘As usual, we must begin with a careful study of nomenclature, using well-established rules of anatomical deconstruction.’
    • ‘For reasons given by Nevo, we will follow the traditional nomenclature, which considers separate taxa.’
    • ‘A few years ago they started a system of plate nomenclature - three letters, three numbers.’
    • ‘We follow the general rules of zebrafish nomenclature for designating locus and allele names.’
    • ‘Official codes of nomenclature continue to enforce this rule - one name, one species - although rooting out synonyms and homonyms is a constant struggle.’
    • ‘In conclusion, White's insistence on the need for consistency in mineral nomenclature is important, and, over time, I suspect that many of the problems he identifies will be sorted out.’
    • ‘Then, as now, type specimens constituted the fundamental entity upon which species are described according to the rules of zoological nomenclature.’
    • ‘Various aspects of nomenclature, classification, pathogenesis, antifungal therapy, laboratory methods and associated terminologies have been suitably updated.’
    • ‘No consistent system of nomenclature has emerged for the description of stromatoporoid external morphology.’
    • ‘In phylogenetic nomenclature, taxon name definitions are based on ancestry and descent rather than the possession of subjective ‘key’ characters.’
    • ‘Jemima Lewis in the Telegraph makes some telling points about journalistic iconography and scientific nomenclature.’
    1. 1.1 The body or system of names used in a particular specialist field.
      ‘the students found it hard to decipher the nomenclature of chemical compounds’
      • ‘The nomenclature of the gene names is explained in the Methods section’
      • ‘Classification and nomenclature have changed.’
      • ‘His List of New Guinea Birds deals with the biogeography of those birds, as well as with their systematics and nomenclature.’
      • ‘There's a lot of truth in John Sturrock's warning about the tyranny of medical nomenclature.’
      • ‘This is the first attempt to document fully the nomenclatural history of a clade with the intent of proposing a coherent nomenclatural system to replace the traditional rank-based nomenclature.’
      • ‘The result of this early work was the sometimes contradictory cellular nomenclature.’
      • ‘For various reasons, the traditional nomenclature is used here.’
      • ‘The nomenclature for protein families often has a historical background.’
      • ‘The majority of the terms in historical and currently used nomenclature have been summarized by Rosenqvist and van Kooten.’
      • ‘A comprehensive index of all the microbiologic terms and bacterial nomenclature completes the book.’
      • ‘Various histopathologic patterns of bronchiolar injury have been described and have led to confusing nomenclature with redundancies and overlapping terms.’
      • ‘It's a good thing for you that you didn't go into a biological science; if you had, you would have been dealing not only with a binomial system of nomenclature but one in which the words are in Latin.’
      • ‘As with alliance military technology, the interoperability of command systems and nomenclature is essential.’
      • ‘One underlying concern that arose throughout the analysis was the variation in medication nomenclature.’
      • ‘In fact Irvine says Morrison's version largely sticks to its classical narrative and nomenclature, but she admits she was initially wary of being drawn into heavy-handed polemic.’
      • ‘Although the original nomenclature is retained no attempt is made to interpret the coefficients in terms of the reaction processes that determine seedling growth.’
      • ‘There is no systematic nomenclature for gene and protein names, which has led to a number of possible writing variants and synonyms being associated with the proteins that makes detection and classification difficult.’
      • ‘Genus and species nomenclature throughout this paper follow Sibley and Monroe, the most geographically comprehensive recent checklist.’
      • ‘Part of the confusion regarding this nomenclature arises from the common lack of connection between the trace fossil name and the name of its original trace maker.’
      • ‘Initially, Western readers will grapple with the code names and nomenclature of Soviet weapon systems - many do not even match the terms found in arms-control treaties sponsored by the Soviet Union.’
    2. 1.2formal The term or terms applied to someone or something.
      ‘‘customers’ was preferred to the original nomenclature ‘passengers’’
      • ‘In doing so, the author's attention to detail is exceptional, with the reader being hard-pressed to find any technical errors amid the nomenclatures, characteristics or capabilities of equipment cited.’
      • ‘Even a superficial look at nomenclatures will show that many of these models are irreconcilable, as shown in Figure 1 below.’
      • ‘When someone says they're seeking avant-garde people, does that just mean that they're looking for pretentious people, or is this nomenclature something I don't quite entirely understand?’
      • ‘It is termed ‘humanitarian’, but a more apt nomenclature would instead be ‘crime against humanity’.’
      • ‘Some of these nomenclatures are still encountered in the literature, but for simplicity, only the new abbreviations are used.’
      • ‘Customs procedures and nomenclatures and product standards will be harmonized, licensing procedures will be streamlined, visa requirements for travel will be expedited.’
      • ‘What we need to do is hurry up and integrate, not just bringing down tariffs but removing non-tariff barriers, harmonizing customs procedures and policies and agreeing on tariff nomenclatures,’ he said.’
      • ‘It would be as if a person simply made up new words or special meanings for words then recorded facts based on them, but then kept no record of that special nomenclature.’
      • ‘Rationalists have over the centuries and under different nomenclatures given lead to the struggle for civilisation.’
      • ‘And, I add, my duties didn't change much because of our vehicles' nomenclatures, just as NCO duties and responsibilities don't differ dramatically from what they were 50 or 60 years ago.’
      • ‘If you call with a complaint or a problem try to use the correct nomenclature or terminology for the part or problem you are addressing.’
      • ‘For convenience sake I have coined my own nomenclature.’
      • ‘In the 1980s, this nomenclature fell into disuse with increasing focus on industry.’
      • ‘Many years ago, when A. M. Rosenthal was executive editor of the New York Times, I raised a small question of religious nomenclature which resulted in a change in the paper's style manual.’
      • ‘And how can it change its nomenclatures summarily like this, anyway?’
      • ‘Well we can go around in circles all day about the nomenclatures that we use.’
      • ‘In our culture, the meaning of ‘love’ has been all but lost, probably because we don't have the nomenclature in our language.’
      phraseology, terms, expressions, words, language, parlance, vocabulary
      View synonyms

Origin

Early 17th century: from French, from Latin nomenclatura, from nomen ‘name’ + clatura ‘calling, summoning’ (from calare ‘to call’).

Pronunciation

nomenclature

/nə(ʊ)ˈmɛŋklətʃə//ˈnəʊmənˌkleɪtʃə/