Definition of nitrile in English:

nitrile

noun

  • An organic compound containing a cyanide group —CN bound to an alkyl group.

    • ‘These toxins include nitriles, isothiocyanates, oxozaladines, and epithioalkanes.’
    • ‘Secondary and tertiary amides are prepared by reacting primary amides or nitriles with organic acids.’
    • ‘They also rejected bridgehead double bonds and allenes, and (to my surprise) only allowed triple bonds for nitriles (so no acetylenes.)’
    • ‘In this reaction, an ester joins with another ester, a ketone, or a nitrile.’
    • ‘But common nitriles, such as hydrogen cyanide have masses more similar to nitrogen or methane, making them harder to pick out of the INMS results with only one night's study.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from nitre + -ile (alteration of -yl).

Pronunciation:

nitrile

/ˈnʌɪtrʌɪl/