Definition of neuron in English:

neuron

(also neurone)

noun

  • A specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.

    • ‘It is made up from millions of nerve cells called neurones that control your body's functions, senses and thoughts.’
    • ‘It is possible to isolate a multipotent stem cell from neural crest that can give rise to neurons, glia, and smooth muscle.’
    • ‘The thalamus (of which there is one on each side) is a large and important mass of nerve cells or neurons.’
    • ‘Botulinum toxin induces weakness of striated muscles by inhibiting transmission of alpha motor neurones at the neuromuscular junction.’
    • ‘These are cells which can be the raw material for all sorts of organs and tissues, from the pancreas to nerve cells, or neurones in the brain, to heart cells.’

Usage

In scientific sources the standard spelling is neuron. The spelling neurone is generally restricted to non-technical contexts, but note that it is usual in motor neurone disease

Origin

Late 19th century: from Greek neuron, special use of the literal sense sinew, tendon. See nerve.

Pronunciation:

neuron

/ˈnjʊərɒn/