Definition of neuron in English:

neuron

(also neurone)

noun

  • A specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.

    • ‘Botulinum toxin induces weakness of striated muscles by inhibiting transmission of alpha motor neurones at the neuromuscular junction.’
    • ‘It is possible to isolate a multipotent stem cell from neural crest that can give rise to neurons, glia, and smooth muscle.’
    • ‘It is made up from millions of nerve cells called neurones that control your body's functions, senses and thoughts.’
    • ‘These are cells which can be the raw material for all sorts of organs and tissues, from the pancreas to nerve cells, or neurones in the brain, to heart cells.’
    • ‘The thalamus (of which there is one on each side) is a large and important mass of nerve cells or neurons.’

Usage

In scientific sources the standard spelling is neuron. The spelling neurone is generally restricted to non-technical contexts, but note that it is usual in motor neurone disease

Origin

Late 19th century: from Greek neuron, special use of the literal sense ‘sinew, tendon’. See nerve.

Pronunciation

neuron

/ˈnjʊərɒn/