Definition of network in English:

network

noun

  • 1An arrangement of intersecting horizontal and vertical lines:

    ‘a spider constructs a complex network of several different kinds of threads’
    • ‘It is a luminous network of lines, floating in three dimensions in a crystal glass cube.’
    • ‘Smiling is a dangerous business, leaving as it does a network of fine lines round the nose and mouth, but she figures she can risk it; this is a special day, after all.’
    • ‘When all pairs of points are joined, the resulting network of points and lines is known as a complete graph.’
    • ‘To the right and left, a waxy black layer has been scraped away in an intricate network of boxy lines, revealing an airy green and blue underlayer.’
    • ‘For the mezzotint print, the surface is completely marked with a dense network of lines.’
    • ‘The cap is velvety, and pale brown; the foot covered with a distinctive network of white lines.’
    • ‘City of York Council said the network of jagged lines in the asphalt surface had been caused by someone apparently driving a Transit van over the new bridge on Sunday evening.’
    • ‘The groups are connected by smaller sets of geometric shapes and a network of yellow lines that resembles a lattice.’
    • ‘From the scene before him, he evolved a network of heavy criss-cross lines, the intervals between which were filled with colour as if seen behind a lattice.’
    • ‘The drawing consists of three loosely defined rectangles, each filled with networks of angular lines overlaid with dark red marker blobs.’
    • ‘Another important function of the liver is performed by so-called ‘phagocytic’ Kupffer cells, which line the vascular networks.’
    web, criss-cross, grid, lattice, net, matrix, mesh, webbing, tracery, trellis
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  • 2A group or system of interconnected people or things:

    ‘the company has a network of 326 branches’
    ‘a trade network’
    • ‘Similarly, the mortgage bank Abbey National sold its branch network and head office to Mapeley in a deal valued at #465 million.’
    • ‘The company started its campaign for expansion of its trade network in the country in 2003.’
    • ‘Could an interconnected network of democracies, from the local to the global, be the political model of the future?’
    • ‘Each world's resources will further our scientific knowledge and daily living, and it is my dream that a network of trade will be set up within our solar system and beyond.’
    • ‘The nation state is a political and economic and social system, an interconnected network of interacting individuals.’
    • ‘Another network of interconnected balconies allowed women to move about town from roof to roof, so the men in the streets below wouldn't see them.’
    • ‘First, it has a follicular growth pattern with a network of follicular dendritic reticulum cells.’
    • ‘The existence of trade networks pre-dates recorded history; commercial activities are a fundamental aspect of human existence.’
    • ‘The council has a dedicated social services department with a network of care contacts.’
    • ‘In fact, racial identity is part of a complex network of intersecting identities that is contextually relevant and fluid.’
    • ‘Cervical and brachial plexuses form a network of primary, interlacing nerves.’
    • ‘Childminding networks can also arrange backup care if your regular childminder is ill.’
    • ‘One of the distinctive features of resistance in Belgium was the important role played by intelligence networks and escape lines for Allied airmen.’
    • ‘Scottish Labour's organisational backbone is provided by a series of networks and financial arrangements between the party, unions, councils and the private sector.’
    • ‘It was established in 1991 and has since built a nation-wide network of regional branches.’
    • ‘Travis runs a network of 700 branches which trade under a variety of names including Commercial Ceiling Factors and Keyline.’
    • ‘Some findings, for example those on intercolonial trade networks based on family and religious connections, revisit relatively familiar material.’
    • ‘Your alliances, your trade networks, this island - all will remain intact.’
    • ‘These range from merchant guilds and systems of agricultural organization to regional and international trade networks.’
    • ‘In the 1980s these interconnected networks spread widely, first to universities, and then to other organisations.’
    system, complex, interconnected structure, interconnected system, complex arrangement, complex system, nexus, web
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    1. 2.1 A complex system of railways, roads, or other routes:
      ‘the railway network’
      • ‘Think of the power grid as a network of crisscrossing canals, shared by all.’
      • ‘The Jubilee line is the only one that interconnects with every other line on the tube network.’
      • ‘The action led to severe rail disruptions in and around the Belgian capital, mainly on the busy north-south line of the network.’
      • ‘The tram network provided transport links between the streets that made up the main lines of the urban network, as well as important residential and economic areas.’
      • ‘But he added that officers in London, on underground and main line networks, were experiencing an increase in calls reporting suspicious packages and activity.’
      • ‘In Japan they built their Shinkansen lines to a different gauge from the rest of the network precisely because it made it impossible for other types of trains to use it.’
      • ‘‘Carlow is very well located and already has excellent transport links via the national road and rail networks,’ said Mr. Bruton.’
      • ‘But as road networks become more complex and street furniture more extensive, the costs of changeover have increased.’
      • ‘It was Beeching's axing of much of our railway network in the 1960s that got us partly into the public transport mess we are in now.’
      • ‘The Alamein line is one of two branch lines, neatly tucked away in the mid suburbs, that feeds into one of the main lines on the suburban network.’
      • ‘Nine of the network's twelve lines were totally shut down.’
      • ‘As explained above, a rail network consists of lines and points.’
      • ‘They hack into government databases to get information about transport networks, government agencies and the military.’
      • ‘The scientists say the rain forests are made vulnerable to clear-cutting by the networks of access roads left behind by logging operations.’
      • ‘We can also see when countries finish developing their road network, as seen in Figure 11.’
      • ‘He said a ‘simplistic response’ would be to reduce the network to those lines that were economically viable.’
      • ‘These made, and continue to make, the city one of the most important interchanges on the rail network, as well as a major destination in its own right for business and for tourism.’
      • ‘The UK's rail accident rate was in line with the safest networks in Europe.’
      • ‘This relatively simple network of lines lies well and truly underground, with steep escalators taking up to two minutes to reach the platform.’
      • ‘This paper examines the typical travel time impacts of various bus priority measures to assist in the selection of appropriate treatments for particular road networks.’
      maze, labyrinth, warren, jungle, tangle
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2 A group of people who exchange information and contacts for professional or social purposes:
      ‘a support network’
      • ‘The social support of family networks obviously plays a role in this, but the quality of the marriage is also important.’
      • ‘I challenge the thousand of you who read Brain Waves each day to use your social networks for this purpose.’
      • ‘If the former is your choice, contact professionals through your network at the Postal Service.’
      • ‘The other aspect underscores the elaboration of such social networks as professional associations.’
      • ‘These specific effects complement the generally observed improvements in wellbeing and reduced use of health care associated with social support networks.’
      • ‘Vendors were contacted through social networks, family, and friends as well as common knowledge of people and places, particularly pubs where contraband was available.’
      • ‘As of now, the priority for CIE is setting up a wide teacher training network and arranging a support network.’
      • ‘A plausible explanation for gender disparities in promotion is that women have fewer mentors and professional networks and less collegial support while in the academic medical system.’
      • ‘These were people with an extensive network of social contacts.’
      • ‘Previous research has also determined that Asians and Asian Americans tend to seek help from social networks rather than from professionals such as counselors.’
      • ‘Also, encourage support networks and social connections through teams and community organizations to serve as an extra resource.’
      • ‘Common Purpose wants to hear from senior decision-makers of small and growing businesses who could benefit from new networks and exposure to different ways of solving problems.’
      • ‘Wouldn't accepting the link negate the whole purpose of a social network?’
      • ‘Depression, anxiety, and disruption of social support networks have been associated with menstrual pain.’
      • ‘She helps families by supplying information and putting them in contact with support networks.’
      • ‘And likewise, the multifaceted nature of people's social networks could be directly supported in this way.’
      • ‘Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to examine social support networks between drug using and nondrug-using welfare recipients.’
      • ‘Can I ask you, are there any formal or informal support networks in the Metropolitan Police for female staff?’
      • ‘‘It's using social networks not for commercial purposes, but because people feel strongly enough to get involved,’ insists Dave Balter.’
      • ‘Many sites offer forums for the fans to discuss the band, their music and other stuff, but some go further, setting up pen-pal networks between fans in different countries.’
    3. 2.3 A group of broadcasting stations that connect for the simultaneous broadcast of a programme:
      [as modifier] ‘network television’
      • ‘The Forum is also shopping around to other networks another program called Finally Home as a possible midseason replacement.’
      • ‘They usually leave this live breaking stuff to the cable news networks these days.’
      • ‘For the CBS network the final program of the current series of Survivor boosted ratings and did very well for Nine in Australia.’
      • ‘NLL games are broadcast in Canada by cable sports networks The Score and Rogers SportsNet.’
      • ‘Produced by the BBC's network current affairs unit in Manchester, Real Story will have a three series run of 28 programmes.’
      • ‘And when the homemaker turned CEO left prison early Friday morning, the cable networks all took it live.’
      • ‘News chiefs from ABC, CBS, CNN, Fox and NBC television networks pledged to vet incoming feeds and not broadcast them live.’
      • ‘The major news networks experience massive drops in ratings and are put on the market by their corporate owners.’
      • ‘Such a stance makes most of the mainstream sitcoms on the broadcast networks inappropriate for rerunning on Comedy Central.’
      • ‘Broadcast networks quickly returned to basketball games and highly rated sitcoms and Oscar ceremonies, and were only mildly criticized.’
      • ‘Major TV networks cancelled interviews with the crew.’
      • ‘The one-hour live show will air on six broadcast networks and several cable stations.’
      • ‘Back here in the U.S., two of the major broadcast television networks are getting into the pay per view business.’
      • ‘The television networks broadcast rolling news without advertising breaks on the day of the crisis.’
      • ‘The biggest skateboard stars are now regular performers on the sports network ESPN and on MTV.’
      • ‘Though the bottom line for the networks would likely be significantly reduced with less advertisers investing in each hour of their day.’
      • ‘For the first few days the three major cable news networks eschewed advertising, giving us the appearance that they were donating their public services gratis.’
      • ‘At the time of the phone call, there were 2,391 adults viewing broadcast network television.’
      • ‘Bells from Rome's town hall, the Campidoglio, tolled at midday as television networks interrupted programmes to show footage of New York's devastation, without commentary.’
      • ‘If you went and did - as the Media Research Center has done - clips of what is said on the broadcast networks you would find an enormous tilt to the left.’
    4. 2.4 A number of interconnected computers, machines, or operations:
      ‘a computer network’
      • ‘Some of POL's corporate clients have dozens of computers on their private networks where they need Internet access.’
      • ‘Solar bursts, or so-called ‘solar storms’, can disrupt terrestrial communication networks, power grids and data lines.’
      • ‘He's also building on the concepts of local and wide area computer networks.’
      • ‘Computer workstations, networks, and graphical user interfaces were all invented by Xerox just in case the world traded paper for computer screens.’
      • ‘Once it's on your network, you can watch full screen streaming TV on any computer in your local network.’
      • ‘Your company has a firewall, but criminal hackers often access internal networks without a computer.’
      • ‘Phipps said that in the Internet world where the network truly is the computer, closed protocols have no place.’
      • ‘They have an office in Sandyford in Dublin, but we've designed a computer network for their operation in Pinewood Studios in London.’
      • ‘This small piece of software uses computer networks and security holds to replicate itself.’
      • ‘The Batley solution enables video-communication via portable devices, using connections slowed down by ordinary phone lines and old mobile networks.’
      • ‘Shorn of its mobile cash cow, the company has been forced to concentrate on upgrading its fixed line network.’
      • ‘Of companies surveyed, two in five rely on extensive networks of laptop computers used by employees who work remotely.’
      • ‘For that you can get a presentation on computer networks by Joseph Licklider or a book of machine translation, or various other assorted goods.’
      • ‘It isn't going to be long before every electronic device that we own is going to automatically connect to global communications networks as a matter of course.’
      • ‘Over recent months, regular email spammers have used networks of compromised machines to disseminate spam.’
      • ‘Adware maker 180 solutions has sued seven former distributors for using networks of compromised computers to surreptitiously install its software on users' PCs.’
      • ‘The second wave is syntactic: attacks against the operating logic of computers and networks.’
      • ‘Overland Data is a global supplier of data storage and storage automation solutions for computer networks.’
      • ‘Scientists needed to come up with a new generation of computers, networks, and storage devices that would look after themselves.’
      • ‘You see, the Internet is a large network of inter-connected computers.’
    5. 2.5 A system of connected electrical conductors.
      • ‘This will control a network of electrical elements, buried in shallow trenches running from Cape Wrath to Land's End.’
      • ‘The electrical network in Butterworth belongs to the municipality and Eskom is investing this money on risk.’
      • ‘The Turkish side also promised to study the possibility of connecting the electricity networks of the two countries, in case of fulfilling the third stage.’
      • ‘Islay has pioneered the use of small-scale wind turbines in homes and micro-grids, small-scale electrical networks that stand apart from the national grid.’
      • ‘Almost all Iraqi households are connected to an electricity network, with little variance between urban and rural areas.’

verb

  • 1[with object] Connect as or operate with a network:

    ‘compared with the railways the canals were less effectively networked’
    • ‘Although very small these were the first networked communities.’
    • ‘Delivery of healthcare expertise can be networked through health centres in villages and beyond extending the reach of healthcare to places where it does not exist.’
    • ‘While each of the test centres are independently run, they are networked around the country thus ensuring that the standard requirements are adhered to.’
    • ‘The 24-hours centre is manned by trained physically challenged people monitoring the stock in the various blood banks of the city that have been networked and looking up suitable donors from the site.’
    • ‘Field medical units will be networked with the medical communications for combat casualty care, which supports the joint theater medical information program.’
    • ‘This is what it means to say that the social field is networked, connected, rather than a matter of place, sites, and home.’
    • ‘We've networked a lot of areas as part of the desert knowledge movement proposals.’
    • ‘He was instrumental in networking all botanical gardens in Australia.’
    • ‘During its 25 years of operations, the national flag carrier has networked major destinations in the Gulf to ease passenger woes as the need arose.’
    • ‘This means investing in commercial research relationships, growing our own commercial centres of excellence, being networked to death, and being boastful and proud of what we have.’
    • ‘The result will be ubiquitous radios that are always connected and seamlessly networked across offices, buildings, and even cities.’
    • ‘Any outrage or disaster is amplified by the media and by the fact that we're so connected, so networked.’
    • ‘The objective of the fair is to offer a window of opportunity to display, develop and network community products.’
    • ‘The work will be useful for social workers, researchers, government organisations and those involved in networking NGOs.’
    • ‘It aims to network organic producers, consumers, businesses, schools and communities.’
    • ‘Jackie Manatt created and manages a database that keeps Manatt's ‘extended family’ of Ph.D. students connected and networked.’
    • ‘Never before had the top-down world of presidential campaigning been opened to a bottom-up, laterally networked community of ordinary voters.’
    • ‘This also laid foundation for upgrading the facilities to support telemedicine by networking all departments and services connected to the patient.’
    • ‘Dealing with a traditionally networked tribal society may well require a ‘carrot and stick’ approach.’
    • ‘You will come away energized and motivated and networked and connected and ready to push your company to places it wouldn't go before.’
    1. 1.1British Broadcast (a programme) on a network:
      ‘the Spurs match which ITV had networked’
      • ‘The one programme that deserved to be networked was Discs a Gogo - which was Chris Mercer's brainchild.’
      • ‘Soon LWT found itself having trouble getting programmes networked.’
      • ‘In America, where the series was networked by ABC, the 14 programmes were re-edited into half-hour shows, screened from 12 April to 23 August 1972.’
      • ‘Anglia Television also managed to have a share of the children's market, when they networked a quiz series for children based on the similarly named natural history series, ‘The Survival Game’.’
      • ‘SMG television boss Donald Emslie says a commitment to making more networked programmes in the regions will be a vital test of the new era of independent television.’
    2. 1.2 Link (computers or other machines) to operate interactively:
      ‘more and more PCs are networked together’
      ‘networked workstations’
      • ‘First thing you should know is, all of them will get you online or network your computers together.’
      • ‘When I saw they all had the same game on their screens I wondered if they'd networked the machines, and were having some sort of Barbie deathmatch, but no.’
      • ‘We're going through a change right now, thanks to a wave of technical and social change and to the arrival of cheap, networked computers.’
      • ‘Lucio came round last night with the equipment to network our computers.’
      • ‘So far, Saha plans to install networked servers running Linux to handle most e-mail and web-related tasks for each of the 70 schools in the area.’
      • ‘I have networked Linux machines on my home network consisting of two desktop machines and a laptop.’
      • ‘Now if only they can network my laptop so I can actually print at work.’
      • ‘It uses networked computers and multi-channel speaker playback to more closely approximate the different instruments and their ranges.’
      • ‘Now, we have unified logon from any networked computer.’
      • ‘It will feature high-end multimedia workstations, networked wireless laptops and express-type terminals.’
      • ‘All the computers are networked and connected to one Internet cable, so we can all be online at once.’
      • ‘There are six networked computers providing access to the Defweb and online library services.’
      • ‘The company's Avid Unity MediaNetwork is designed specifically for sharing high-bandwidth digital media files between networked workstations.’
      • ‘To exploit these services more fully, rural communities could set up telecentres and network personal computers.’
      • ‘The computers (or networked device) where music is stored need not be in the rooms where you're listening.’
      • ‘There are more than 700 networked machines located in casinos throughout Nevada and the jackpot grows each time a coin drops into any of them.’
      • ‘Over the past few years the premises have been completely refurbished and now includes a computer training centre with ten, fully networked computers.’
      • ‘With Zigbee networked microprocessors you can link your lights with your cellphone.’
      • ‘There are also hints that the rise of online gaming may help to boost the profile of arcades, as the cabinets in them move increasingly away from being standalone machines and towards being networked devices.’
      • ‘Up to five computers can be networked at one time.’
  • 2often as noun networking[no object] Interact with others to exchange information and develop professional or social contacts:

    ‘the skills of networking, bargaining, and negotiation’
    • ‘There are three very essential functions of gossip: networking, influence and social alliances.’
    • ‘We get a lot of information by networking with other attendees.’
    • ‘Bastions of old boy networking and the occasional social upstart, they epitomise everything that makes me cringe about Oxford.’
    • ‘Such ritual practices are often only seen as interesting diversions or attachments to the main social issues involved in networking.’
    • ‘When you don't share office space with people, things like networking and exchanging information tend to dry up.’
    • ‘Mr Ahmed said the members, mostly Bolton-born, enjoy networking and sharing useful information and contacts.’
    • ‘However, when we take social networking online, we lose this vital piece of information and categorization.’
    • ‘Promotion seekers can use information gathered through networking to improve the quality of their applications.’
    • ‘There'll be a wide variety of workshops, discussions, skills sharing, networking, campaign information and socialising.’
    • ‘I'm a strong believer in networking and sharing information, which I do constantly.’
    • ‘The seminar afforded committees time for networking and sharing information on the work of individual centres.’
    • ‘The structure of the digital sector can best be understood by looking at work relations and at networking as social practice.’
    • ‘Thus, he made up the term social networking to discuss what he was doing.’
    • ‘This can be achieved through networking, language exchange and case studies.’
    • ‘But the clash goes beyond professional jealousies and crony networking.’
    • ‘A tourism networking and information evening will take place on Tuesday, November 15 in Castle Durrow.’
    • ‘The most successful professionals view networking as a two-way street.’
    • ‘Meetings permit exchange of ideas and knowledge, professional development, and networking, while financially sustaining sponsors.’
    • ‘An important step is researching and networking to gather information about organisations and positions, says Notton.’
    • ‘Such alliances can be developed by networking within industry trade groups and organizations that may indirectly impact your industry.’

Pronunciation

network

/ˈnɛtwəːk/