Definition of nephritis in English:



mass nounMedicine
  • Inflammation of the kidneys.

    Also called Bright's disease
    • ‘Single cells will be found in nephritis, acute tubular necrosis, kidney transplant rejection and salicylate poisoning.’
    • ‘A 25-year-old white female had an eight-year history of SLE with associated membranous nephritis, and hypertension.’
    • ‘Six months later, his serum creatinine level began to rise, and a kidney biopsy showed chronic rejection and recurrence of lupus nephritis.’
    • ‘The three-year study showed these patients had interstitial nephritis (ie, inflamed kidney tissues) and severely damaged kidney tubules.’
    • ‘It has a wide range of uses including the common cold, heatstroke, acute gastroenteritis, pyelitis, nephritis, edema and liver and gallbladder disorders.’


Late 16th century: via late Latin from Greek, from nephros ‘kidney’.