One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1Mineralogy. A mineral containing barium, now regarded as a variety of calcite. Now historical and rare.
2Taxonomy. A specimen chosen to serve as a new type in a case where the original type material has been lost or destroyed, or is inadequate in some way.
Mid 19th century; earliest use found in James Dana (1813–1895), geologist, zoologist, and teacher. From neo- + type. In sense 1 after German Neotyp.
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