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[mass noun] A synthetic compound with the property of inhibiting cholinesterase, used to treat ileus, glaucoma, and myasthenia gravis.
- ‘The use of neostigmine to antagonise neuromuscular blockade may increase bowel motility and result in a higher rate of anastomotic leakage.’
- ‘To reverse the muscle relaxation, neostigmine and atropine were used at the end of surgery.’
- ‘This inhibition was observed in both the directly and indirectly stimulated contractions, and was not changed by addition of neostigmine, an acetylcholine esterase inhibitor.’
- ‘The study was terminated with the administration of atropine and neostigmine to reverse muscle paralysis.’
- ‘At the end of procedures, the neuromuscular blockade was reversed, if necessary, with neostigmine, 0.03 mg/kg, and atropine, 0.015 mg/kg.’
1940s: from neo- ‘new’, on the pattern of physostigmine.
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