Definition of Neoplatonism in English:



mass noun
  • A philosophical and religious system developed by the followers of Plotinus in the 3rd century AD.

    • ‘Absorbing the principal doctrines of Stoic ethics and, in Porphyry's hands, much Aristotelian logic as well, Neoplatonism became altogether dominant over all other philosophical positions in late antiquity.’
    • ‘The rise in the sixteenth century of Neoplatonism, which saw concrete forms as expressions of divine ideas, and, as a corollary, saw the body as an expression of the soul, led to higher appreciation of beauty and a change in the ideal.’
    • ‘The acceptance of astrology and alchemy as serious intellectual activities, the influence of hermetic writings and Neoplatonism, all of them accepting the reality of mystic forces, were symptomatic of widespread magical beliefs.’
    • ‘A more important objection is that Catholic Neoplatonism doesn't account for the Italian equivalents and sources of his style.’
    • ‘Drawing on English and German Romanticism, Neoplatonism, Kantianism, and Hinduism, Emerson developed a metaphysics of process, an epistemology of moods, and an ‘existentialist’ ethics of self-improvement.’
    • ‘For Augustine, the individual human being is a body-soul composite, but in keeping with his Neoplatonism, there is an asymmetry between soul and body.’
    • ‘And Neoplatonism furnishes the most poignant example, inasmuch as its monism merely inverts earlier Platonism's dualism and only magnifies the melancholy.’
    • ‘Unlike them, he seems to have been closely acquainted with the Neoplatonism of his day, on which he drew even as he responded to its attacks on Christianity.’
    • ‘In the next few centuries apologetics turned more aggressively to refute philosophers who claimed that Stoicism and Neoplatonism could provide all that was needed for a blessed life.’
    • ‘Although the philosophy of Neoplatonism is originally constructed around homoerotic relations, its vocabulary of hierarchy and subservience is soon applied to heterosexual love.’
    • ‘Long after he had shed much of his Neoplatonism, his treatises remained filled with dense punning that displays his delight in language and his verbal virtuosity.’
    • ‘This new philosophical ideal became known as Neoplatonism, which saw love, beauty, and the search for a deeper metaphysical truth and morality as being central to the creation of a new man.’
    • ‘Although it is true that Southwell does not use muses as a device very often (Shell counts two occasions), she construes Neoplatonism too narrowly.’
    • ‘The poet is here given a high, almost divine role, probably influenced by popularized Neoplatonism.’
    • ‘The closing period of Greek philosophy is marked in the third century CE. by the establishment of Neoplatonism in Rome.’
    • ‘Such was the change of climate brought about by centuries of religious thought deeply influenced by Plato and Neoplatonism, with their emphasis on the soul and the spiritual and their denigration of the bodily.’
    • ‘The historical institution of this accommodation to immanent power was the Augustinian synthesis of Neoplatonism and Christianity through the concept of the will.’
    • ‘I'm not interested in proving or even arguing for an explicit thread of conscious Neoplatonism in early modern mathematics or geography such as we commonly find in renaissance literature.’
    • ‘There she lectured on mathematics and philosophy, in particular teaching the philosophy of Neoplatonism.’
    • ‘The objective of Neoplatonism was to find a metaphysical unity which could give meaning to all physical existence.’

Neoplatonism combined ideas from Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras, and the Stoics with oriental mysticism. Predominant in pagan Europe until the early 6th century, it was a major influence on early Christian writers, on later medieval and Renaissance thought, and on Islamic philosophy. It envisages the human soul rising above the imperfect material world through virtue and contemplation towards knowledge of the transcendent One