Definition of neontology in English:



mass noun
  • The branch of zoology dealing with living forms as distinct from fossils.

    Often contrasted with palaeontology
    • ‘However, paleontologists have not been completely blinded by neontology and recent paleontological analyses also indicate that gastropod evolution was considerably more complicated than previously thought.’
    • ‘These challenges lie at the interface between paleontology and neontology.’
    • ‘The relevance of neontology, including ecology, to paleontology could not be more starkly revealed in these and other questions concerning biodiversity dynamics.’
    • ‘Although the distinction between paleontology and neontology may be practical, it is not necessarily natural or productive.’


Late 19th century: from neo- ‘new’, on the pattern of palaeontology.