Definition of neonate in English:

neonate

noun

  • 1A newborn child (or other mammal).

    • ‘In the vitamin group, 12.5 per cent neonates had birth weight below 2.5 kg compared to 15.6 per cent in the placebo group.’
    • ‘Oxygen therapy is an important but problematic issue in the treatment of prematurely born neonates and in the respiratory insufficiency associated with the acute respiratory distress syndrome.’
    • ‘Clavicular fractures are the most common broken bones in newborns, especially large neonates.’
    • ‘The last four items, however, are not relevant to our review because they refer to delivery of neonates (preterm or term births).’
    • ‘Although only two trials provided data on requirement of nalaxone by neonates, it was lower in neonates whose mothers had had epidural analgesia.’
    • ‘Apnea of prematurity is one of the most common and frustrating conditions that nurses, physicians and neonates face in the intensive care unit.’
    • ‘We therefore explain heterogeneity between trials mainly by changes in the conventional treatment of respiratory distress in premature neonates over time.’
    • ‘The issue of optimum oxygen concentration for neonates in intensive care remains, even now, unsettled.’
    • ‘Many neonates are diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound, which allows parents to meet with craniofacial team members before the birth of their infant.’
    • ‘Both low and high birth weight term neonates have high fasting and post-glucose insulin levels.’
    • ‘The primary reason for treating jaundice in neonates is to prevent neurologic damage.’
    • ‘Passive antibodies transferred across the placenta during pregnancy provide protection for neonates, but this protection is lost fairly soon.’
    • ‘Well established, scientifically founded criteria for the diagnosis of anemia in the neonate are not available at present.’
    • ‘Complication of mechanical ventilation in neonates with respiratory distress.’
    • ‘They have the opportunity to work with multiple age groups from neonates to geriatrics.’
    • ‘However, there is limited evidence of the safety of antiviral therapy in pregnant women and neonates.’
    • ‘For neonates we must ensure that all newborn babies have access to the most appropriate care where and when they need it.’
    • ‘However, efficacy data on these two therapies in neonates is lacking.’
    • ‘The perinatal characteristics of neonates not included in the study were similar to those included.’
    • ‘Radiography is recommended for intensive care patients or neonates but should not be used routinely.’
    youngster, young one, little one, boy, girl
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    1. 1.1Medicine An infant less than four weeks old.
      • ‘Fatal complications and outcomes (neonatal death and intracranial haemorrhage) were similar between neonates and infants from two large birth cohorts in the United States after delivery by forceps or vacuum extraction.’
      • ‘In the absence of vaccination (which can usually prevent neonatal infection) most exposed neonates and young children will be infected and become lifelong carriers.’
      • ‘It is possible that studies of acute respiratory failure may need to analyze infants and neonates as a separate subgroup.’
      • ‘Administration of surfactant in neonates with infant respiratory distress syndrome has led to improved survival rates.’
      • ‘It is usually not significant in immunocompetent individuals, but can be of serious consequence, and sometimes fatal, in neonates, infants, and immunosuppressed patients.’
      baby, newborn, young child, little child, little one
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Origin

1930s: from modern Latin neonatus, from Greek neos ‘new’ + Latin nat- ‘born’ (from the verb nasci).

Pronunciation

neonate

/ˈniːə(ʊ)neɪt/