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‘The sign of the effect indicates the direction of change in the phenotype; in this study, a positive sign indicates an increase and a negative sign a decrease in the trait value.’
‘A dummy for games in the first month of the season, October, is included and is expected to have a negative sign on its coefficient.’
‘Here, the negative sign suggests that the inverse relationship between early support from the father and adult depressive symptoms was more substantial among male respondents than female respondents.’
‘Those positive and negative signs are there because, in amino acids, one hydrogen atom moves to the other end of the molecule.’
‘Thus, a negative sign is expected for this coefficient.’
‘Positive and negative signs indicate respective up-regulation and down-regulation in control embryos, compared with GSH-treated embryos.’
‘Similar comparisons (greater than/less than) are given a positive sign whereas dissimilar comparisons are given a negative sign.’
‘The latter variable is chosen to represent the overall well-being of state residents, with an expected negative sign of the coefficient.’
‘When an error occurred, a negative sign (-) appeared in the corresponding feedback field.’
‘It is hypothesized that older producers are less likely to switch from a practice that has proven to be profitable than younger ones; thus, a negative sign is expected for each equation.’
‘For these two countries, the authors found that economic growth impacts population growth with a negative sign.’
‘PHD is significant at the 1 per cent level with a negative sign.’
‘The first step in compensation is to take the phase determined from the first scan and program it into the SLM with a negative sign so that it subtracts the distortions.’
‘The expectation is for a negative sign on the CITY coefficient.’
‘A number of these measures were tested and in each case the estimated coefficient had the predicted negative sign for both equations.’
‘This variable also serves to adjust the total estimated implicit values of all criteria for a given project area that would be implied by a summation of PC coefficients; thus, a negative sign is expected.’
‘This is demonstrated by the fact that they can have a negative sign.’
‘The positive or negative signs show up on the sheet above you.’
‘In contrast, if we had placed the income variable in the public transport alternative's utility expression we might have expected a negative sign.’
‘The coefficient for the size of the nearest wetland is also statistically significant and has a negative sign.’