Definition of nawab in English:

nawab

noun

Indian
historical
  • 1A native governor during the time of the Mogul empire.

    [as title] ‘Nawab Haider Beg’
    • ‘This right was bestowed on us by emperors, rajas and nawabs (local rulers and influentials in the undivided Indian subcontinent).’
    • ‘Governors of the Mughal empire also took advantage of growing feebleness - the nawabs of Bengal, Oudh and Hyderabad were soon to establish quasi-independent states which owed only nominal allegiance to Delhi.’
    • ‘Bengal was absorbed into the Mughul Empire in the 16th century, and Dhaka, the seat of a nawab (the representative of the emperor), gained some importance as a provincial center.’
    • ‘Under effective British rule since 1757, the nawab dynasties of Bengal, Orissa, and Bihar were united into the single province and ruled from Calcutta.’
    • ‘And their power-crazed heads obviously long to wear a crown, which is why they behave like old-style nawabs and potentates.’
    • ‘Equally, as a Governor-General above the political fray, he played a crucial role in persuading maharajahs and nawabs distrustful of the socialist Nehru to accept that they had no choice but to merge their domains into the Indian Union.’
    • ‘The nawab who ruled Junagarh cared more about his dogs than his subjects.’
    • ‘The next nawab, his nephew Azim-ud-Daula, had to give up much of his powers and territory and became the first titular Nawab of the Carnatic.’
    • ‘‘My father was a nawab of Tonk while my mother was from a khandaani hakeem family,’ he says.’
    • ‘He has published many papers on maharajas and nawabs of India.’
    • ‘For the first time in the history of Bangalore's star hotels, you can come and indulge like a nawab and forget that diet till tomorrow.’
    1. 1.1A Muslim nobleman or person of high status.
      • ‘In Lucknow, the Shia auqaf properties are higher in number, their value running in billions of rupees, perhaps due to Lucknow's Shia nawabs ' munificence.’
      • ‘The art form, once performed for nawabs and zamindars, gives way to modern music’
      • ‘Ghazal singing, earlier an art form restricted to the nawabs and aristocrats, was bought to the people by Begum Akhtar and later popularised by Pankaj Udhas.’
      • ‘Lucknowi nawabs were great connoisseurs of food.’
      • ‘Come evening and the nawabs and the well-heeled would climb atop the terraces of their sprawling ‘deodis’ and let loose their pigeons.’
      • ‘A Dacca barrister teased him for behaving more like a once-rich Muslim nawab wedded to a fanciful past and visions of lost glory than an educated, middle-class Hindu lawyer.’
      • ‘Drive past the Prime Minister's secretariat, the Shariah court, the Supreme Court, the National Assembly and the majestic houses of the nawabs.’
      • ‘Made famous by the Muslim nawabs of Lucknow, those on the receiving end enjoyed courtesy, food, drink and congeniality - all served with an elegant world-class flourish.’

Origin

From Urdu nawwāb, variant of Arabic nuwwāb, plural (used as singular) of nā'ib deputy; compare with nabob.

Pronunciation:

nawab

/nʌˈwɑːb/