Definition of naturalist in English:

naturalist

noun

  • 1An expert in or student of natural history.

    • ‘At 22,000 feet, a naturalist on the next expedition discovered Earth's highest permanent residents.’
    • ‘The Natural History Museum is also recruiting amateur naturalists to gather data on a range of other threatened wildlife.’
    • ‘Some nineteenth-century naturalists denied that animals possessed any mental qualities besides instincts.’
    • ‘This idea is based on the incorrect interpretations of early naturalists who attributed perceived behaviors of vampire bats in South America to that of bats in other countries.’
    • ‘To help do this, the event organizers have recruited naturalists and scientists with expertise in various animal and plant groups to lead teams of volunteers through the park and identify what is there.’
    • ‘Virginia, as she was known, was an amateur naturalist with an active interest in marine biology.’
    • ‘French agricultural naturalists, whose perspective was both continental and philosophic, treated the British inquiry with careful condescension.’
    • ‘So I spent a lot of time on the water and learned a lot about marine biology from the naturalist on the whale-watching boat.’
    • ‘Our evenings will be spent participating in discussions with local naturalists and environmental activists.’
    • ‘In the past, naturalists relied on structural characteristics to determine the evolutionary relationships.’
    • ‘Ornithologists and naturalists, including the renowned nineteenth-century illustrator John Gould, originally classified male and female huias as two different species.’
    • ‘‘It speaks very highly of native naturalists and the value of traditional knowledge,’ he added.’
    • ‘Yet it is worth recalling that modern evolutionary biology was founded when a young naturalist - a creationist at the time - was struck by three puzzling patterns in nature.’
    • ‘Local naturalists also say they have noticed an increased diversity of wildlife using the site.’
    • ‘Recently I ran through the Amazonian rainforest in the company of a French naturalist.’
    • ‘No wonder, too, that conservationists and naturalists are horrified by plans to build an airport here.’
    • ‘On this year's Antarctic cruises, for example, the onboard team includes scientists, naturalists and explorers, led by respected naturalist Nigel Sitwell.’
    • ‘For naturalists, Bermuda is lush and alive with natural splendor.’
    • ‘But he has been a professional biologist for a good forty years and a naturalist since childhood.’
    natural historian, life scientist, wildlife expert
    biologist, botanist, zoologist, ornithologist, entomologist, ecologist, conservationist, environmentalist, preservationist
    birdwatcher
    birder
    twitcher
    View synonyms
  • 2A person who practises naturalism in art or literature.

    • ‘In other words, Caravaggio died because of his artistic success as a naturalist.’
    • ‘Crane has been called a naturalist, an impressionist, an expressionist, and a symbolist, but none of these disparate labels satisfactorily denotes the range and complexity of his art.’
    • ‘For painters, naturalism was the greatest signifier of mortality, and Caravaggio was the greatest naturalist.’
    • ‘This was the only film until last year's discovery and a breakthrough for naturalists of the period.’
    • ‘He aimed to make paintings that depicted the truth and he was critically condemned for being a naturalist.’
    • ‘The novel received wide critical acclaim and Motley's harsh, unrelenting realism invited comparisons with Richard Wright and the revered naturalists Theodore Dreiser and Frank Norris.’
    • ‘Even a naturalist like Zola cannot help giving his characters insight (of joy or despair) into the sweep of human meaning even as he feeds them to the grinder of biological determinism.’
    1. 2.1 A person who adopts philosophical naturalism.
      • ‘The naturalist on the contrary simply points out that, whatever the mind is, our continuing existence is proof that it has done its job of keeping us around.’
      • ‘You call yourself a socialist progressive and an atheist, yet I'd have also labeled you a naturalist.’
      • ‘A methodological naturalist would insist on explaining all phenomena, however strange, in natural terms.’
      • ‘But as Johnson himself notes, many people think that they can be methodological naturalists and theists.’

adjective

  • another term for naturalistic
    • ‘Theories that think that the natural and the social worlds are the same are known as naturalist theories.’
    • ‘One speculation I make in the book is that our current consumer culture may be based upon the naturalist intelligence.’
    • ‘The naturalist animation style used in Perfect Blue almost makes it seem like a live-action movie.’
    • ‘This was a challenge to the dominant, naturalist conventions of his day, where characters in drama represented specific social types without contradiction, predetermined and easily recognisable.’
    • ‘Nevertheless, such a logic fully brings out the absurd implications of the feminist and naturalist accounts.’
    • ‘The Egyptian magicians were able to duplicate the first three signs Moses performed although not necessarily by naturalist methods only.’
    • ‘The ultimate goal is to replace naturalist science with spiritualist thinking.’
    • ‘Carrà, Soffici, and Ottone Rosai contributed to the Strapaese circle with landscapes and genre painting rendered in a conservative, naturalist idiom.’
    • ‘But that, again, is a triumph of naturalist ideology over common sense.’
    • ‘This extract can be taken as an example of Zola's naturalist style: realism taken to the point of nausea.’
    • ‘What initially interested you in the naturalist film style?’

Pronunciation:

naturalist

/ˈnatʃ(ə)rəlɪst/