Definition of mural in English:

mural

noun

  • A painting or other work of art executed directly on a wall:

    ‘huge murals depicting Norse legends’
    • ‘This could include both structural and superficial changes, such as the wall murals and graffiti.’
    • ‘Impossible to miss from the walls are the vast murals that adorn the sides of buildings in the Protestant and Catholic areas.’
    • ‘He repaired the old monastery church and adorned it with murals painted in the fresco technique typical of the time.’
    • ‘His work, often in the form of large murals, painted in situ, has a hard - edged, modern feel.’
    • ‘Games have been painted on the playgrounds and murals on the walls.’
    • ‘Painting traditionally was done in tempera in the form of murals on temple walls as well as on cloth and paper.’
    • ‘He has also executed murals in ceramic and glass tiles as well as on wall and ceilings.’
    • ‘His murals aimed to convert the illiterate and heterogeneous masses to a realization of the miseries and futilities of war.’
    • ‘She spent much of her time in the school's hallways creating murals on the walls.’
    • ‘In the late 1930s he also painted several murals under the auspices of the Federal Art Project.’
    • ‘Saturn is one of the so called Black Paintings - murals Goya painted on the walls of his home near Madrid.’
    • ‘Very few of Klimt's paintings were done on canvases, as he preferred to paint murals.’
    • ‘The sixth gallery has a fine collection of Madhubani paintings put up on a mud wall as murals.’
    • ‘Throughout the twenties, his fame grew with a number of large murals depicting scenes from Mexican history.’
    • ‘Traditional murals are painted directly onto the wall and so are not at all flexible.’
    • ‘You can see some contemporary murals on the walls of the buildings behind.’
    • ‘His house became a treasure trove and even his attic walls were covered with murals which he created by candlelight.’
    • ‘The walls of its entryway have murals depicting scenes honoring the Spanish and Mayan heritages.’
    • ‘About fifty murals depicting Narcissus survive from Pompeii alone.’
    • ‘A shaft of sunlight illuminates the room briefly, bringing the bright colours of the murals on the walls into sharp relief.’

adjective

  • 1Relating to or resembling a wall:

    ‘a mural escarpment’
    • ‘The practice of appropriating mural surfaces for esthetic purposes goes back, after all, in recent art history to the start of the 1940s.’
    • ‘He was a signwriter and housepainter by trade, admiring William Morris and Walter Crane and specialising in mural decoration.’
    • ‘A mural stairs leads to a series of small gardens also.’
    • ‘Western classical mural columns were set on both sides of doors.’
    • ‘Carrà was born in Quargnento in 1881, at the age of twelve he left home to work as a mural decorator first at Valenza Po, and from 1895 in Milan.’
    • ‘Woven tapestry is one of the oldest and richest mural arts, and can be traced right back to the Ancient Greeks, Egyptians and Native North Americans.’
    • ‘Italian mural decoration was an appropriate interest for someone who had been brought up in Florence and had achieved international fame excavating the wall decorations of Assyrian palaces.’
  • 2Medicine
    Relating to or occurring in the wall of a body cavity or blood vessel:

    ‘mural thrombosis’
    • ‘It also predisposes to thrombosis, leucocyte adhesion, and mural smooth muscle proliferation.’
    • ‘Additionally, mucinous cystadenocarcinomas often have papillary projections and mural nodules that may correlate with areas of malignancy.’
    • ‘Systemic thromboembolism is a common complication of cardiac mural thrombosis.’
    • ‘The small intestine had a 1.7-cm, firm mural nodule with intact mucosa but showed infiltrative growth into the mesenteric fat.’
    • ‘The usual pattern of involvement is focal or diffuse plaques of thickened valvular or mural endocardium.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from French, from Latin muralis, from murus wall. The adjective was first used in mural crown; later (mid 16th century) the sense ‘placed or executed on a wall’ arose, reflected in the current noun use (dating from the early 20th century).

Pronunciation:

mural

/ˈmjʊər(ə)l/