Definition of much in English:


determiner & pronoun

  • 1often with negative or in questions A large amount.

    as determiner ‘I didn't get much sleep that night’
    ‘I did so much shopping’
    as pronoun ‘he does not eat much’
    ‘they must bear much of the blame’
    • ‘How do you disagree with much of what the papers print, yet defend to the death their right to print it?’
    • ‘Few argue with the need to improve the shabby eyesore which blights much of Piccadilly.’
    • ‘These stories are rife on the streets and provoke much fear, among the rich and poor equally.’
    • ‘He does not have much free time but when he does he enjoys spending time in his garden.’
    • ‘Often this turns out to be a hoax, clogging up the net and causing much unnecessary anxiety.’
    • ‘It is therefore no wonder that it yields poor crops, in return for much labour and expense.’
    • ‘There was so much juicy gossip it was hard to pay much attention to the debate.’
    • ‘The most important thing is that we're here and there isn't much left for the finish.’
    • ‘He is thought to have spent much of the previous night at a North Yorkshire guest house.’
    • ‘None of the brothers had given much thought to the consequences of their actions.’
    • ‘So much of modern medicine relies on our understanding of the physiology of the human body.’
    • ‘Technically that's a good thing, as it means there's not much bad going on in the world.’
    • ‘The whole show was cringingly off the mark and much of the time was just plain boring and pointless.’
    • ‘I am a little afraid to ask what it is, but I do know I will not be eating much of this.’
    • ‘So much money is going into the city centre and we feel that we're being ignored.’
    • ‘So much it is possible to learn from reading the newspapers and watching the television.’
    • ‘I didn't have much interesting news to offer him, but it was nice just to talk to him.’
    • ‘Local drivers will bear much of the cost, through road tolls and vehicle licence fees.’
    • ‘To be honest I was asleep for much of the flight so I really don't know what happened.’
    • ‘She didn't say much other than what she was up to professionally, but there you go.’
    a lot of, a good deal of, a great deal of, a great amount of, a large amount of, plenty of, ample, copious, abundant, plentiful, considerable, substantial
    a lot, a good deal, a great deal, plenty
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1as pronoun, with negative Used to refer disparagingly to someone or something as being a poor specimen.
      ‘I'm not much of a gardener’
      • ‘Well folks, not much of a story, is it?’
      • ‘In an escalating situation neither side has much of a reputation for brinkmanship.’
      • ‘The idea wasn't at all simple and so I didn't have much of a chance to run with it.’
      • ‘Great person, and a huge influence, but didn't have that much of an effect on the album.’
      • ‘As anyone can see, I'm not much of a scholar when it comes to writing, maybe when it comes to anything.’


  • 1To a great extent; a great deal.

    ‘did it hurt much?’
    ‘thanks very much’
    ‘they did not mind, much to my surprise’
    with comparative ‘they look much better’
    • ‘So much did he love playing the trumpet that he had bought a new instrument.’
    • ‘In wealthy areas, the total income available to be taxed is much higher than in poor areas.’
    • ‘Sherry has been much reviled by reviewers and accused of literally losing the plot.’
    • ‘Their innovative power and tremendous humour and charm are still very much intact.’
    • ‘Michael will miss his adopted home and the camaraderie and will be much missed in turn.’
    • ‘The meeting of City fans on Monday revealed that the soul of York City is very much alive.’
    • ‘The dog is a much loved family pet and on these two occasions it was allowed to roam on to the street.’
    • ‘It is a gesture that is very much appreciated by myself and Dawn's family in Devon.’
    • ‘McEwan has always had a twinkle in her eyes and this is going to be very much evident with the new series.’
    • ‘The rich are much more powerful than the poor and will crush them with a level playing field.’
    • ‘So much so, that when I do have a task to perform, it seems like a really big deal.’
    • ‘Such a screenwriter runs the risk of being accused of much more than just poor taste.’
    • ‘In his studies he was much influenced by the thinking of Gandhi and Reinhold Niebuhr.’
    • ‘He was much respected for his willingness to listen, and for the sincerity of his advice.’
    • ‘The main river is a much different prospect, with a nice variety of fish falling to maggot.’
    • ‘Her shoulders shone with a deepening tan, much different from when he had first seen her.’
    • ‘Scotland was a much poorer country than England at the time of the Treaty of Union.’
    • ‘Will rushed over to check I was ok, and gave me a much-needed hug, stroking my hair as he did so.’
    • ‘He had not much liked the earlier hit he had taken, and he absolutely despised this.’
    • ‘Yet the poor person is much more likely to spend an additional dollar than a rich person.’
    greatly, to a great degree, to a great extent, a great deal, a lot, exceedingly, considerably, appreciably, decidedly, indeed
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1usually with negative or in questions For a large part of one's time; often.
      ‘I'm not there much’
      • ‘We don't watch tv much, but we spend all of our time on the Internet.’
      • ‘He is kind of an egocentric person and I guess if he doesn't read much, he doesn't think anyone does either.’
      • ‘I don't go out much anymore, so a Guide Dog would be wasted on me.’
      often, frequently, many times, on many occasions, on numerous occasions, repeatedly, recurrently, regularly, habitually, customarily, routinely, usually, normally, commonly
      View synonyms


  • as much

    • The same.

      ‘I am sure she would do as much for me’
      • ‘Those of us who have to travel on the Northern line have suspected as much for years.’
      • ‘I hoped as much, thanks for confirming that.’
      • ‘I figured as much: I had a feeling this was the case.’
  • a bit much

    • informal Somewhat excessive or unreasonable.

      ‘his earnestness can be a bit much’
      • ‘I think he's trying to insert some humour into what could be a dull text, but the persistent labeling is a bit much.’
      • ‘It probably was a bit much to ask them to do it all over again.’
      • ‘I knew Labour Ministers lie a bit, but accusing two ministers in one week of hypocrisy is a bit much.’
      • ‘While still a beautiful location, the over-the-top glitz of St. Tropez is a bit much.’
      • ‘Yes, all this red wine as emblem and object of worship may get a bit much, of course.’
      • ‘To describe his uncritical account of the official view as ‘an investigation’ is a bit much.’
      • ‘D'you reckon red fishnet sleeves are a bit much for the first day back?’
      • ‘It may have been a bit much to expect Dixon to visit the jazz clubs or to go up to Harlem to listen to some blues, but there was plenty else to do and see.’
      • ‘I've been in trouble in the past but a three-year ban is a bit much.’
      • ‘I don't know exactly what to call what I've just been through in the last 24 hours, but it's all a bit much.’
      • ‘When the tourists pour in to see the autumn leaves, traffic on Skyline Drive can be a bit much.’
      • ‘The pregnancy storyline was a bit much and definitely unneeded although it added depth to Dan's family life.’
      • ‘I've also realised that I quite like having people about, as long as I have a room to hide out in when it gets a bit much.’
      • ‘The picture above with all the limousines is maybe a bit much, but hey, that's just the kind of place it is.’
      • ‘Mind you, while they deserve harsh punishment, nine years might be a bit much.’
      • ‘Though I sometimes find Margo a bit much, at least she has something to contribute.’
      • ‘I will go out for him for the sake of research but really 3 calls in 2 days is a bit much since we haven't even had a date yet!’
      • ‘To say that we developed a keen interest in the subject might be stretching credibility a bit much.’
      • ‘If that brings attention that gets a bit much now and again that's something I'll have to learn to deal with.’
      • ‘I knew drink was dear in the South but 80 euro for a pint of Harp is a bit much.’
      unacceptable, intolerable, insufferable, unsatisfactory, undesirable, unreasonable, objectionable, insupportable
      View synonyms
  • make much of

    • Give or ascribe a significant amount of attention or importance to.

      ‘the island can make much of its history as a trading post between Europe and the Arab world’
      ‘Mr Smith was glad to be made much of’
      • ‘The Dutch have made much of their fantastic flood preparedness compared to us.’
      • ‘Mr Taylor makes much of what he regards as the failure of the Council to advise him of his right to appeal to the County Court.’
      • ‘This isn't a huge error on its own, of course, and if it were the only error, I wouldn't make much of it.’
      • ‘The two senators today made much of their optimism.’
      • ‘The press made much of his motorcycle, leather jackets and T-shirts, his bongo drum playing.’
      • ‘No one will probably make much of his low ethics in the matter, either.’
      • ‘Of course, her Junoesque figure was exploited in the films and made much of in the media.’
      • ‘Hasan makes much of the hijab, worn for reasons of modesty.’
      • ‘In discussing the song ‘Watching the River Flow’, he makes much of what he calls the ‘choppy’ arrangement and how it works against the lyric.’
      • ‘People are making much of Mr Wilson's credibility.’
      • ‘It may be 35 years since the Beatles broke up, but even now Liverpool still makes much of its Fab Four heritage.’
      • ‘Mr. Weigel makes much of what he sees as atheistic humanism in Europe, and he calls for a revitalization of Europe's Christian roots.’
      • ‘I think he is making much of the relations with neighbouring countries more than anything and is making efforts to deepen mutual understanding.’
      • ‘The incident was made much of in the American newspapers, and there was a general outcry from the U.S. public.’
      • ‘No doubt, additionally, Mr Sage was glad to be made much of, and interested to take part in the preparation of the case.’
      • ‘Burginde made much of very little, but there was wisdom in her ways, I could see.’
      • ‘On the news tonight, a reporter made much of a family's grief and joy, somewhere in the heartland.’
      • ‘That is what he pushed hardest in the campaign, but it's an issue he never made much of until then.’
      • ‘As you know, the Democrats are making much of that relationship with your company.’
      • ‘Obviously, the defense team is making much of this, the prosecution saying it will have no effect on either case.’
      flatter, compliment, praise, commend, admire, express admiration for, pay tribute to, say nice things about
      View synonyms
  • (as) much as

    • Even though.

      ‘much as I had enjoyed my adventure it was good to be back’
      • ‘The trouble is, I know I will not have enough energy to go to both these events, much as I want to.’
      • ‘As much as I know that we need to take the rough with the smooth, I think some smooth would be very nice right about now.’
      • ‘As much as we all want to party, showing up hungover to the parade can be dangerous.’
      • ‘I simply have too much stuff in my room to try to vacuum the place, much as it may need it.’
      • ‘As much as we'd have liked to win, could you really have seen it happening in your wildest dreams?’
      • ‘As much as I love going to London, jetting over every other week seemed a bit hectic.’
      • ‘I make pasta for the others, but I eat it only once a week, much as I'd love to eat tons.’
      • ‘As much as he denies it, what was supposed to be a temporary job is becoming a vocation.’
      • ‘Heavy vehicles, much as they try, find it impossible not to rattle or cause trailers to bounce.’
      • ‘Ambience is important when you're eating out, and much as we tried, it was in short supply.’
      • ‘As much as they were scared initially they were also inspired by the strength they witnessed.’
      • ‘As much as we joke and laugh about it, it does rule our life, but I never like that.’
      • ‘As much as I love the fall and its colours and smells, a part of me always dies with the summer.’
      • ‘Which is why I am sick of hearing about the man, much as I like and respect him.’
      • ‘As much as he enjoyed his career, it paled into insignificance beside the love he felt for his family.’
      • ‘But much as Murray is revelling in his new status as a tournament champion, he is not daft.’
      • ‘As much as we could see that this was a good plan, the audience seemed a little confused.’
      • ‘This is a bit long, but, much as it pains me to say it, it's my sort of spoof and I wish I'd written it.’
      • ‘As much as I like staying at my parents' house, I find that I never sleep very well there.’
      • ‘As much as I do love London and do my best not to let my negative experiences get me down, a break is always good.’
  • not much in it

    • Little difference between things being compared.

      • ‘I still prefer our version (we've got two out, I think they're both good), but there's not much in it as the Exploited version was very close to ours when they recorded it.’
      • ‘With the bat, Flintoff has a slightly more orthodox technique, but there's not much in it.’
      • ‘To my eye at least, the new screen is marginally tidier, but there is not much in it.’
      • ‘But I'll freely admit that I'm influenced in part by the fact that I'm more of an X-Men fan than a Spiderman fan anyway; there's not much in it at all.’
      • ‘We didn't find it suited beginners quite as snugly as the other system, but there's not much in it.’
  • so much the better (or worse)

    • That is even better (or worse)

      ‘we want to hear your say, but if you make it short, so much the better’
      • ‘If the boat requires or solicits rescue prior to arrival so much the better - someone needs to know they're there.’
      • ‘If they were exposed to humiliation or embarrassment in front of their families or colleagues, so much the better.’
      • ‘Happiness is watching kids in the water, and if parents can dip their legs in the water, too, so much the better.’
      • ‘What then followed was a bundle of falsehoods and bizarre inversions of reality, perhaps retailed in good faith (and so much the worse if they were).’
      • ‘If he becomes more reflective, if he becomes nicer to other people, so much the better.’
      • ‘If the Security Council gives him the mandate, so much the better.’
      • ‘If farmers' incomes are sustained as a side-effect, then so much the better.’
      • ‘If we can gallop past that target, so much the better.’
      • ‘If you understand enough of the language to appreciate the compact poetry of the original French version, so much the better.’
      • ‘So yeah, if I broaden my horizons and meet interesting and amusing people, then so much the better.’
      • ‘If the celebrations could be associated with a greater awareness of the country's culture, history and traditions, so much the better.’
      • ‘And surprisingly, if you have some fat to go with it, so much the better.’
      • ‘If you can ride a horse, so much the better; you'll travel far greater distances and reach terrain beyond the scope of most walkers.’
      • ‘If this means we hear less from them at election time, so much the better.’
      • ‘If you can get both versions of a film so much the better.’
      • ‘If you have more, so much the better - we're a little short up here.’
      • ‘And if she chooses to value the book just for its emotional effect, rather than for its insights into the Meaning of Life, so much the better.’
      • ‘They would be delighted to welcome any parents who would help out and if you come with some goodies so much the better!’
      • ‘If Asia can focus its limited resources on translating such knowledge into real-life uses, so much the better.’
      • ‘If you can market us in Swindon too, so much the better!’
  • this much

    • The fact about to be stated.

      ‘I know this much, you would defy the world to get what you wanted’
      • ‘Details of exactly what happened next are murky, but this much is clear.’
      • ‘But you accept this much at any rate: you did in fact stab her twice?’
      • ‘I haven't a clue about politics but I do know this much - the country needs us to pay our taxes.’
      • ‘I have to hire an entire team of people for a brand new project - this much is true.’
      • ‘I'll tell you this much, any guy who pulls a stunt like that is coming away with a bloody stump.’
  • too much

    • An intolerable, impossible, or exhausting situation or experience.

      ‘the effort proved too much for her’
      • ‘In the first leg of the race, it was very rough and I thought that it was too much for me.’
      • ‘For a few though, the constant pressure gets too much and they have to bow out or fold up.’
      • ‘Is it too much to ask to have a little drama surrounding my entrance into the world?’
      • ‘She just goes ahead and does it, telling me to swear out loud if the pain gets too much.’
      • ‘My father felt like that was maybe a little bit too much for me, but how else do you learn?’
      • ‘Much as Clune likes stirring up a bit of a buzz, there are times when it can be too much even for her.’
      • ‘It is too much for us lesser mortals to understand fully what we are supporting and why.’
      • ‘Their outstanding quality was a little bit too much for us and it was a fair result.’
      • ‘It was quite good, if you like that sort of thing but it was all too much for the Royal couple.’
      • ‘Sarcasm was obviously too much for his assailant as he jumped off the tube and ran away.’


Middle English: shortened from muchel, from Old English micel (see mickle).