Main definitions of mortar in English

: mortar1mortar2

mortar1

noun

  • 1A short smooth-bore gun for firing shells (technically called bombs) at high angles.

    ‘mortars and machine guns’
    as modifier ‘nine civilians died in a horrific mortar attack’
    • ‘The Dutch forces' camp in suburban Samawah was attacked on April 22, with one of the mortar shells landing inside the compound.’
    • ‘The Rev Alan Reeve went to preach in Bangui, capital of the Central African Republic, last month and was evacuated two weeks later following an attack of mortar bombs and machine gun fire.’
    • ‘On Christmas Day, at least five Iraqis and two US soldiers were killed in car bomb explosions and mortar attacks.’
    • ‘Howitzers and mortars are more effective because of their ability to engage targets on reverse slopes.’
    • ‘Some 4.5 million pieces, varying from anti - air-craft missiles to mortars and assault rifles, were available to civilians as old army depots were turned into free shopping zones.’
    • ‘A car bomb and a mortar rip through a commercial area in central Baghdad.’
    • ‘Four Bulgarian and two Thai soldiers were killed and 37 coalition troops were injured after Iraq's increasingly well-organised resistance attacked, using mortars, machine guns and a car bomb.’
    • ‘A spokesman for the Polish-led forces reportedly said the insurgents used a car bomb, mortars and machine guns.’
    • ‘Israeli forces fired on the camp in response to a mortar bomb attack on a settlement.’
    • ‘The missile is deployed in a transport-launching canister from which it is launched through the mortar start technique.’
    • ‘The Tamil Tigers, who are seeking a homeland in the north and east of Sri Lanka, used rocket-propelled grenades, machine guns and mortars in the attack, the spokesman said.’
    • ‘Insurgents used grenades, machine guns and mortar shells in continuous volleys.’
    • ‘Near Baquba, insurgents coordinated a car bombing and a mortar attack on a police station.’
    • ‘No explosives were found in the mortar shell and the bomb disposal unit said no-one in the local area was at risk.’
    • ‘It was very much an artillery war and in the British army shells, mortars, and grenades accounted for 61 per cent of all wounds, with bayonet wounds accounting for only 0.3 per cent.’
    • ‘The military said the attack was retaliation for a mortar shell fired toward an army post.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, sources among Samawah security authorities reported an apparent mortar shell attack near the Dutch military camp in Samawah early Wednesday.’
    • ‘Last year a team of 20 divers scoured the seabed for shells, bombs and mortars up to ten metres deep; items were either brought up for disposal or blown up in situ if they looked unstable.’
    • ‘The ammunition arrived today - 300 tonnes of shells, mortar bombs, grenades, machine gun rounds and bullets for the rifles.’
    • ‘As he bravely continued to move around the perimeter, a mortar shell exploded, wounding him in the face and body.’
    1. 1.1 A device used for firing a lifeline or firework.
      • ‘Rockets are more sophisticated devices than mortars.’
  • 2A cup-shaped receptacle in which ingredients are crushed or ground, used in cooking or pharmacy.

    ‘a pestle and mortar’
    • ‘Some spices come as seeds, so that's when you get to break out your mortar and pestle and grind those seeds up to really bring the flavour out.’
    • ‘Individual garnets were cut from selected samples, crushed in a mortar and pestle and sieved.’
    • ‘Grind all the ingredients together in a spice grinder or with a mortar and pestle.’
    • ‘They can be ground easily in a mortar and pestle or in an electric spice or coffee grinder.’
    • ‘In my wanderings around the hills I had found a mortar and pestle, a moccasin last and a canoe anchor, each fashioned from basalt.’
    • ‘Put the lemon thyme leaves in a pestle and mortar and crush with the salt and a good grinding of black pepper.’
    • ‘Woodcarvers, all of whom are men, carve masks and figurines as well as mortars, pestles, and bowls.’
    • ‘In the mortar, crush 20 black peppercorns and some Maldon salt.’
    • ‘Wood carving, traditionally limited to the making of implements and utensils - bowls, mortars, pestles, and canoes - is now geared towards the tourist market.’
    • ‘Freeze-dried leaves were ground into powder using a mortar and pestle and homogenized in homogenizing buffer.’
    • ‘‘The trick is getting a proper amalgamation out of the garlic and ginger,’ says a marine, using a plastic mug and a stick as a mortar and pestle.’
    • ‘Fittings include feeding cups, mortars and pestles, pill-making machines, bench balances, and glass measures.’
    • ‘At each sampling date, approximately 1 g FW of a pooled sample of crown tissues from ten plants was ground to a fine powder with a pestle in a mortar containing liquid nitrogen.’
    • ‘A mortar and pestle is best, or use a spice mill or food processor.’
    • ‘Clean ocean sand was added to the mortars to facilitate crushing.’
    • ‘With a mortar and pestle, crush the thyme, garlic, and peppercorns and place. in a large saucepan.’
    • ‘If you don't have a food processor, you may have to grind the paste by hand in a mortar and pestle (muhaha).’
    • ‘Remove and place in a mortar and pestle or food processor and crush.’
    • ‘For the black sesame filling: Using a mortar and pestle, pound the sesame seeds, sugar and cocoa butter into a paste.’
    • ‘In a mortar, crush the cloves, cardamom pods and cinnamon.’
    dish, basin, pan, pot, crock, crucible
    View synonyms

verb

[with object]
  • Attack or bombard with a mortar.

    ‘the Commando positions were being heavily mortared’
    ‘at first light the mortaring and sniping started’
    • ‘The day before a local warlord had mortared the town, killing 25.’
    • ‘In a couple of minutes we're in an even poorer-looking neighborhood, bouncing slowly on a street that resembles a heavily mortared battlefield.’
    • ‘The regimental camp was mortared twice and the soldiers were routinely required to round up insurgent suspects, occasionally under fire.’
    • ‘He's at risk of getting mortared, and he has to move with the military in armored Humvees.’
    • ‘I have been shot at, mortared, lost friends, and cared for the wounded.’
    • ‘Hopefully, I'll have some good stories when I return, since the people I'm going to visit have been mortared and ambushed several times, luckily without injury.’
    • ‘No serious injuries were reported in this attack, nor in the next day's mortaring, which provoked a heavy-weapon Army counter-attack inside Najaf.’
    • ‘‘Everyone's watching it,’ says a Marine corporal at an outpost in Ramadi that is mortared by insurgents daily.’
    • ‘The place had been mortared before, and our tent was sitting right here we could be seen from outside the wire.’
    • ‘Getting shot at, mortared, etc. does not give him the right to look down at his fellow soldiers.’
    • ‘The resistance can mortar a division headquarters without fear of discovery.’
    • ‘Despite heavy shelling, mortaring and machine gun fire, within about an hour they made it off the beach.’
    • ‘American positions and patrols in Mosul are being regularly ambushed or mortared.’
    • ‘And these are the headquarters troops, who, the story notes, get mortared every night.’
    • ‘Staff Sergeant Brian Flading, a 19D Operation Iraqi Freedom veteran, remembers an incident when his platoon was mortared one night in Balad.’
    • ‘On Sunday night, guerrillas mortared the Baghdad airport, killing a former Fijian soldier working for the British company Global Risk Strategies International.’
    • ‘The Green Zone headquarters of the occupation in Baghdad was mortared Monday night, with reports of widespread guerilla activity in parts of the city.’
    • ‘Whether you're ambushed, mortared at your base camp or on patrol, that, ladies and gentlemen, is combat.’
    • ‘In June 2004, the Post Exchange here was mortared, killing two Soldiers and wounding more than a dozen additional troops.’
    • ‘A military headquarters in Basra city was mortared on October 8, injuring three soldiers.’

Origin

Late Old English (in mortar (sense 2 of the noun)), from Old French mortier, from Latin mortarium (to which the English spelling was later assimilated).

Pronunciation

mortar

/ˈmɔːtə/

Main definitions of mortar in English

: mortar1mortar2

mortar2

noun

mass noun
  • A mixture of lime with cement, sand, and water, used in building to bond bricks or stones.

    • ‘In addition to using the same granite, the original mortar was matched with Portland cement lime mortar.’
    • ‘Sometimes, a layer of mortar and brick or flagstone can be placed on top of an old slab, yielding a very attractive and properly sloped surface.’
    • ‘Throwing them aside, I soon uncovered a quantity of building stone and mortar.’
    • ‘The major components of construction, as we all know, are, cement, steel, timber, bricks, mortar, sand, etc.’
    • ‘By volume the mix is approximately half glass fiber and half cement mortar.’
    • ‘Compared to brick and mortar, the pre-engineered buildings saved about $50,000 per building in labor costs.’
    • ‘If you draw your layout to the nominal size, you will actually be allowing for space between the stones, once laid, for sand infill or mortar.’
    • ‘Separations between brick and mortar can allow air and water to leak through gaps in the wall.’
    • ‘The buildings are all made of either sandstone blocks or mortar with heavy sand content.’
    • ‘Weep holes are designed to drain out any water that seeps through the brick or mortar.’
    • ‘Scores of Chicago's mortar and brick factory buildings and warehouses squat within a shadow's reach of glistening skyscrapers.’
    • ‘Grout is mortar to which water has been added until it is thin enough to pour.’
    • ‘A recycling operation takes concrete, brick, mortar and plaster from building sites and grinds them down into building soil to be sold.’
    • ‘We were having some building work done and there was cement, sand and mortar lying around.’
    • ‘Mr Green suggests pointing these cracks with a putty lime mortar, pigmented to match the stones.’
    • ‘The answer may be found in the preceding Pasuk, which says that the people decided to use bricks instead of stones and lime as mortar.’
    • ‘This summer the National Trust asked St Blaise Conservation, directed by Keith Garner, RIBA, to replace the cement with lime mortar.’
    • ‘The first step is to prepare the surface by applying a mixture of mortar, sand and molasses.’
    • ‘The focus today is on mundane businesses that produce, for the most part, bricks, mortar, and concrete.’
    • ‘One popular type of edging is to use a low brick or rock wall, cemented together with mortar.’

verb

[with object]
  • Fix or join using mortar.

    ‘the pipe can be mortared in place’
    • ‘It also looked as if one of them at least, the one closest to the church wall, was of someone important as the grave was built of carefully mortared stone slabs.’
    • ‘The Anglo-Saxon churches however were utilising rough stones for the bulk of their buildings, and these had to be lime mortared into position.’
    • ‘It was built in local stone mortared with clay and roofed in clay mixed with straw.’
    • ‘‘Once the mixer is in place I can handle the whole process’ adds Scheer, ‘from the mixing and forming of the material to stacking and mortaring.’’
    • ‘After you are pleased with the results, you can mortar the stones into place on top of the liner as you would to install edging.’
    • ‘The pavers, mortared together for stability, create a transition zone between inside and outside.’
    • ‘Natural New Jersey sandstone walls, some dry-laid and others mortared, frame the plantings.’
    • ‘Other mortared walls appear to have been built without any coping and are now suffering the results.’
    • ‘Everything from the carefully laid oak floors, the tightly mortared stone of the chimney, and the finely woven tapestries imported from around the globe had been specifically consigned for the Samson estate.’
    • ‘The creek bed is formed with a pond liner and stones; some stones are mortared together to make smooth ledges.’
    • ‘The rocks are carefully stacked and mortared with mud.’
    • ‘Thus, the presence of the form makes those bricks and that mortar a house, as opposed, e.g., to a wall or an oven.’
    • ‘He could start to feel where the stones separated and had been mortared in between.’
    • ‘The pavers can be set in dirt as with the rocks, or mortared to a poured concrete footing.’
    • ‘Although steps must be mortared for safety, pavers and flagstones on level ground can be dry-laid in sand, which allows water and oxygen to reach tree roots below.’
    • ‘Like conventional bricks, adobes are laid in a running bond - an overlapping pattern - then mortared in place with adobe mud.’
    • ‘In a few quick glances he absorbed the entire rolling farmland: green stonework mortared by tree windbreaks.’
    • ‘In the darker recesses of the garage, covered until now by a pair of old MDF bookcases, we discovered a single, special brick mortared into the wall.’
    • ‘These are installed as the blocks are mortared into place.’
    • ‘The gazebo wall is made of three rows of decorative concrete blocks mortared together.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French mortier, from Latin mortarium, probably a transferred sense of the word denoting a container (see mortar).

Pronunciation

mortar

/ˈmɔːtə/