Definition of moon in English:

moon

noun

  • 1The natural satellite of the earth, visible (chiefly at night) by reflected light from the sun.

    ‘there was no moon, but a sky sparkling with brilliant stars’
    ‘the first man on the moon’
    • ‘The waxing Moon was three-quarters full and too high and too far to the south to shine into the kitchen.’
    • ‘If you calculate back a billion and a half years ago, the moon would have been in direct contact with the earth.’
    • ‘At the top of the page was a sketch of the phases the moon went through each month.’
    • ‘There was no sign of the Moon but the odd star managed to look down through gaps in the belts of cloud.’
    • ‘Finally, the moon has been judged to be the cause of madness, the term ‘lunacy’ deriving from the Latin luna, meaning moon.’
    • ‘Jews count the months by the moon; western civilization patterns its calendar after the sun.’
    • ‘It also gives a method to determine longitude based on eclipses of the Moon.’
    • ‘The Sun is in fact very much larger than the Moon, but it is also very much further away.’
    • ‘The night was freezing cold, and the full moon was shining through the window.’
    • ‘He looked to the sky, seeing a pale full moon visible behind a patch of clouds.’
    • ‘We sat there talking under the stars until the Moon slipped beneath the circle of trees.’
    • ‘The 15th day of the eighth month, when the moon is round and clear, is the middle of autumn.’
    • ‘Gravity pulls the Earth around the Sun, and the Moon around the Earth, and it causes tides.’
    • ‘I look out over the docks again and watch the bright moon in the sky.’
    • ‘Eclipses of the sun and the moon occur every six months.’
    • ‘The moon came up four hours ago, huge and the colour of a malfunctioning striplight on an office ceiling.’
    • ‘The nation is remembering the moment a human being first set foot on the moon 35 years ago.’
    • ‘The Moon is the Earth's only natural satellite.’
    • ‘The stars are there and of course with the naked eye the Moon is also often visible.’
    • ‘The force exerted by the Moon on the Earth is having a similar effect on the Earth's rotation.’
    satellite
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    1. 1.1 A natural satellite of any planet.
      ‘Titan, Saturn's largest moon’
      • ‘As the science of robotics advances, the search for resources and signs of life on distant planets and moons will be carried out increasingly by rovers and other robots.’
      • ‘Orbiting Saturn, the Cassini spacecraft is set to release a probe that will travel to one of the planet's moons, Titan.’
      • ‘Telescopes on the ground, as well as the Hubble Space Telescope, have also discovered small moons around these planets.’
      • ‘He discovered moons orbiting the planet Jupiter.’
      • ‘Outer space was a vivacious place, filled with planets and stars, moons and black holes, supernovas and asteroid belts.’
      • ‘Observational astronomers use telescopes, on Earth and in space, to study objects ranging from planets and moons to distant galaxies.’
      • ‘Over many millions of years, the matter within our solar system has coalesced into many moons, nine planets and the star that we call the sun.’
      • ‘He discovered moons orbiting Jupiter.’
      • ‘The main objective is to enhance our understanding of the Solar System by exploring the planets, their moons, and small bodies, such as comets and asteroids.’
      • ‘Spacecraft have flown by every major planet, and most of their important moons, in the solar system.’
      • ‘Other planets and moons in the solar system have been volcanically active in the distant past.’
      • ‘It happens that Mars has two moons, named Phobos and Deimos, which are captured asteroids orbiting very close to that planet.’
      • ‘Two small moons, Phobos and Deimos, were discovered orbiting Mars in 1877.’
      • ‘But what about the geologies of the nine planets and over sixty moons of the solar system?’
      • ‘The moons of the outer planets in the solar system are also rich with various kinds of ices.’
      • ‘Once it enters orbit, it will begin a four-year scientific tour of the planet and its moons.’
      • ‘Of all the moons circling all the planets in the solar system, only Saturn's moon, Titan, is known to have an atmosphere.’
      • ‘Modern interplanetary spacecraft explore their target planets and moons with the aid of robots, and these robots are also becoming very small.’
      • ‘He also discovered four moons: Titania and Oberon at Uranus, and Enceladus and Mimas at Saturn.’
      • ‘The satellites or the two moons of Mars - Phobos and Deimos - are seen revolving around it.’
      satellite
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    2. 1.2literary, humorous A month.
      ‘that wonderful night four moons ago’
      ‘I got my first laser printer many moons ago’
      • ‘Many moons ago, though, the monument was a landmark for travellers heading to Worsley Village.’
      • ‘Many moons ago, I had a friend who repaired electronics for a living.’
      • ‘Tendron had heard all about the incident with Sir Jacob Swift - was it only six moons ago?’
      • ‘Or would they sing that song that they did sing together all those moons ago.’
      • ‘She had gotten cut on the thigh in a practice session, but that had been six moons ago and the wound had not been so deep as to not be able to heal quickly and fully.’
      • ‘The fight from a few moons ago had gained me some respect, if not that much.’
      • ‘Many moons ago I had a landlady who claimed to remember the days when the road through Bilsdale was no more than a rough track.’
      • ‘Many moons ago, I worked for a business association.’
      • ‘So other than the lower interest rates, why are we clamouring to buy what we shunned just a few moons ago?’
      • ‘Many moons ago it seems now, dental treatment and glasses were all free to everyone but now unless ur still at school or are unemployed you have to pay for it!’
      • ‘Many moons ago I wrote about the trials and tribulations of shooting a commercial calendar.’
      • ‘Many moons ago, actually about 24 years to the day, I was very nearly run down by a bus.’
      • ‘Many moons ago, a Spanish football team travelled to the Olympic Games in Belgium, where they acquitted themselves well, winning many fans.’
      • ‘Regulars will recall that many a moon ago we had a cryptic clue competition which was won by a gentleman caller called Keir.’
      a long time ago, ages ago, years ago
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    3. 1.3the moon Anything that one could desire.
      ‘you must know he'd give you the moon’
      • ‘Politicians and lovers are both inclined to offer you the moon, but both might eventually do nothing more than use you and leave you for scrap.’
      • ‘They want someone who can give you the moon if you desired it, it's what I want for you, what you deserve.’
      • ‘I wouldn't lay down on that thing even if you promised me the moon.’

verb

  • 1no object, with adverbial Behave or move in a listless and aimless manner.

    ‘I don't want her mooning about in the morning’
    • ‘His talent at piloting was uncanny and he had spent his time mooning about the docks, watching the skimmers.’
    • ‘And she's mooning around with old love-letters instead of putting herself to good use.’
    • ‘And yep, you got it right, up till now, he was still mooning around because of Sandara.’
    • ‘I spent at least a year mooning around before Darren had told me to snap out of it.’
    • ‘She is still mooning about in that motel room, but she does that you know.’
    waste time, fiddle, loaf, idle, mope, drift, stooge around
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    1. 1.1 Act in a dreamily infatuated manner.
      ‘Timothy's mooning over her like a schoolboy’
      • ‘Just when Michele pledged to get on with her life and stop mooning for her mechanical engineer, out of the blue he asked her out for dinner and proposed.’
      • ‘She would spend most of the night mooning over Jake anyway.’
      • ‘He felt like one of those idiots in a chick flick mooning over the movie's lead.’
      • ‘In 1993, she hung around tennis courts mooning after Andre Agassi.’
      • ‘Kim's second-best friend Sharon is still mooning over Shane.’
      • ‘She finally quit mooning over Terrie, and she and John are now going steady.’
      • ‘Anne is now officially ‘loved up’ with the bloke she has been mooning over for 4 years.’
      • ‘He, of course, was soaking it all in and enjoying the way they mooned over him.’
      • ‘It's kinda hard when you see your husband mooning over a stupid blonde.’
      • ‘I was getting sick of them mooning over each other.’
      • ‘The afternoon was their own, and most soldiers spent their free time mooning over the girl at the tavern.’
      • ‘I don't want my employees looking like lovesick schoolgirls mooning over a cute hunk.’
      • ‘I was thinking of getting engaged to Barry, but I saw less and less of him and mooned over John.’
      • ‘However he just couldn't help spending a lot of time mooning over the situation.’
      • ‘Having Walter mooning over her and being frustrated was gratifying in a selfish way.’
      • ‘Including spending most of my teenage years mooning over a guy who never even knew my name.’
      • ‘She turns up on a transfer, starts acing every assignment, acts modest about it and never seems to do any extra work, and you're playing racquetball with her and mooning after her whenever she heads off on a date with Donnie.’
      • ‘My best friend's oblivious to everything, mooning over some guy.’
      • ‘Why was he mooning over a girl that he hardly knew?’
      • ‘Haley lets out a small sigh, ‘What you just described would be mooning or pining, not to mention pathetic.’’
      mope, pine, languish, brood, daydream, fantasize, be in a reverie, be in a brown study
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  • 2informal no object Expose one's buttocks to someone in order to insult or amuse them.

    ‘the crew dropped their trousers and mooned at them’
    with object ‘Dan had whipped round, bent over, and mooned the crowd’
    • ‘Of course, some people point out that this idea is coming from a mayor who has a habit of mooning crowds at speaking engagements, frequently dresses up in a giant carrot suit and got married on top of an elephant.’
    • ‘Who could cry when Noah and Todd managed to moon the entire crowd when they went up to receive their diplomas?’
    • ‘Of particular note was the girl who cartwheeled onto stage, promptly mooned the audience, and then pinwheeled her arms in a dancing frenzy for the remainder of the set.’
    • ‘He famously mooned a referee, threw a shoe at a baseline judge who kept calling foot faults and changed both his shirt and his shorts on court during a match.’
    • ‘Last time she was here, she says, she and her guitarist, Evan Taubenfeld, dropped their trousers on the ride and mooned the people in the car behind them.’
    • ‘You may remember two or three years ago Howard he his pants down and mooned the camera and the audience.’
    • ‘On Nov.4, Valleyfield police reported that a 19-year-old boy at a party in a mall parking lot had approached their car and mooned them.’
    • ‘I don't think they should throw him out of baseball, but he does deserve to get booed and mooned.’
    • ‘No, my real issue with them is that I am tired of getting inadvertently mooned by complete strangers.’
    • ‘The baby photos are cute, but it's the snap of the foursome cheekily mooning that gets the biggest reaction.’
    • ‘This is the same man that mooned a judge in court just a few weeks ago.’
    • ‘We do not like some of the things they do, especially those things that break the law or insult Greek sensitivities, such as mooning.’
    • ‘They're swinging about like monkeys, roaring up and down the aisles and I was even mooned at once.’
    • ‘He was touring 300 nights of the year, playing these wild shows: getting drunk, mooning the audience and shooting guns.’

Phrases

  • over the moon

    • informal Extremely happy; delighted.

      ‘they're going on holiday on Wednesday so they're all over the moon’
      • ‘There was absolute jubilation around and people were over the moon with it.’
      • ‘You can tell I'm over the moon by the amount I have rambled on!’
      • ‘There is actually some good news though, I am now 8 months pregnant and with my new partner who is over the moon at having a child.’
      • ‘I'm delighted for him and I'm really and truly over the moon for what he's achieved.’
      • ‘Now she's over the moon that in the space of three years, she's not only got herself a fascinating hobby but a husband and business as well.’
      • ‘He was over the moon and planned to be there at the birth.’
      • ‘The call up came last weekend and I was over the moon with it.’
      • ‘If we won the championship, naturally we would be over the moon.’
      • ‘She is still over the moon, stunned and elated and by her good fortune.’
      • ‘Joe, who has worked at the centre since 1991, said he was over the moon with the award which he said was for everyone who works at the centre.’
      ecstatic, euphoric, thrilled, overjoyed, elated, delighted, on cloud nine, on cloud seven, treading on air, walking on air, in seventh heaven, jubilant, rapturous, beside oneself with joy, jumping for joy, exultant, transported, delirious, enraptured, blissful, in raptures, as pleased as punch, cock-a-hoop, as happy as a sandboy, as happy as larry, like a child with a new toy
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Origin

Old English mōna, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch maan and German Mond, also to month, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin mensis and Greek mēn ‘month’, and also Latin metiri ‘to measure’ (the moon being used to measure time).

Pronunciation

moon

/muːn/