Definition of moon in English:

moon

noun

  • 1The natural satellite of the earth, visible (chiefly at night) by reflected light from the sun.

    ‘there was no moon, but a sky sparkling with brilliant stars’
    ‘the first man on the moon’
    • ‘The Moon is the Earth's only natural satellite.’
    • ‘The force exerted by the Moon on the Earth is having a similar effect on the Earth's rotation.’
    • ‘If you calculate back a billion and a half years ago, the moon would have been in direct contact with the earth.’
    • ‘Finally, the moon has been judged to be the cause of madness, the term ‘lunacy’ deriving from the Latin luna, meaning moon.’
    • ‘We sat there talking under the stars until the Moon slipped beneath the circle of trees.’
    • ‘It also gives a method to determine longitude based on eclipses of the Moon.’
    • ‘The 15th day of the eighth month, when the moon is round and clear, is the middle of autumn.’
    • ‘The nation is remembering the moment a human being first set foot on the moon 35 years ago.’
    • ‘He looked to the sky, seeing a pale full moon visible behind a patch of clouds.’
    • ‘Eclipses of the sun and the moon occur every six months.’
    • ‘At the top of the page was a sketch of the phases the moon went through each month.’
    • ‘There was no sign of the Moon but the odd star managed to look down through gaps in the belts of cloud.’
    • ‘I look out over the docks again and watch the bright moon in the sky.’
    • ‘The Sun is in fact very much larger than the Moon, but it is also very much further away.’
    • ‘The moon came up four hours ago, huge and the colour of a malfunctioning striplight on an office ceiling.’
    • ‘Gravity pulls the Earth around the Sun, and the Moon around the Earth, and it causes tides.’
    • ‘The stars are there and of course with the naked eye the Moon is also often visible.’
    • ‘The night was freezing cold, and the full moon was shining through the window.’
    • ‘Jews count the months by the moon; western civilization patterns its calendar after the sun.’
    • ‘The waxing Moon was three-quarters full and too high and too far to the south to shine into the kitchen.’
    satellite
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A natural satellite of any planet.
      ‘Titan, Saturn's largest moon’
      • ‘Spacecraft have flown by every major planet, and most of their important moons, in the solar system.’
      • ‘Orbiting Saturn, the Cassini spacecraft is set to release a probe that will travel to one of the planet's moons, Titan.’
      • ‘As the science of robotics advances, the search for resources and signs of life on distant planets and moons will be carried out increasingly by rovers and other robots.’
      • ‘Over many millions of years, the matter within our solar system has coalesced into many moons, nine planets and the star that we call the sun.’
      • ‘He also discovered four moons: Titania and Oberon at Uranus, and Enceladus and Mimas at Saturn.’
      • ‘Telescopes on the ground, as well as the Hubble Space Telescope, have also discovered small moons around these planets.’
      • ‘Two small moons, Phobos and Deimos, were discovered orbiting Mars in 1877.’
      • ‘He discovered moons orbiting the planet Jupiter.’
      • ‘The satellites or the two moons of Mars - Phobos and Deimos - are seen revolving around it.’
      • ‘He discovered moons orbiting Jupiter.’
      • ‘But what about the geologies of the nine planets and over sixty moons of the solar system?’
      • ‘Of all the moons circling all the planets in the solar system, only Saturn's moon, Titan, is known to have an atmosphere.’
      • ‘Observational astronomers use telescopes, on Earth and in space, to study objects ranging from planets and moons to distant galaxies.’
      • ‘Once it enters orbit, it will begin a four-year scientific tour of the planet and its moons.’
      • ‘The moons of the outer planets in the solar system are also rich with various kinds of ices.’
      • ‘The main objective is to enhance our understanding of the Solar System by exploring the planets, their moons, and small bodies, such as comets and asteroids.’
      • ‘Other planets and moons in the solar system have been volcanically active in the distant past.’
      • ‘Outer space was a vivacious place, filled with planets and stars, moons and black holes, supernovas and asteroid belts.’
      • ‘It happens that Mars has two moons, named Phobos and Deimos, which are captured asteroids orbiting very close to that planet.’
      • ‘Modern interplanetary spacecraft explore their target planets and moons with the aid of robots, and these robots are also becoming very small.’
      satellite
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2literary, humorous A month.
      ‘that wonderful night four moons ago’
      ‘I got my first laser printer many moons ago’
      • ‘So other than the lower interest rates, why are we clamouring to buy what we shunned just a few moons ago?’
      • ‘Many moons ago it seems now, dental treatment and glasses were all free to everyone but now unless ur still at school or are unemployed you have to pay for it!’
      • ‘Many moons ago I wrote about the trials and tribulations of shooting a commercial calendar.’
      • ‘Many moons ago, I worked for a business association.’
      • ‘Or would they sing that song that they did sing together all those moons ago.’
      • ‘Tendron had heard all about the incident with Sir Jacob Swift - was it only six moons ago?’
      • ‘Many moons ago I had a landlady who claimed to remember the days when the road through Bilsdale was no more than a rough track.’
      • ‘The fight from a few moons ago had gained me some respect, if not that much.’
      • ‘Many moons ago, though, the monument was a landmark for travellers heading to Worsley Village.’
      • ‘Many moons ago, a Spanish football team travelled to the Olympic Games in Belgium, where they acquitted themselves well, winning many fans.’
      • ‘Regulars will recall that many a moon ago we had a cryptic clue competition which was won by a gentleman caller called Keir.’
      • ‘Many moons ago, I had a friend who repaired electronics for a living.’
      • ‘She had gotten cut on the thigh in a practice session, but that had been six moons ago and the wound had not been so deep as to not be able to heal quickly and fully.’
      • ‘Many moons ago, actually about 24 years to the day, I was very nearly run down by a bus.’
      a long time ago, ages ago, years ago
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    3. 1.3the moon Anything that one could desire.
      ‘you must know he'd give you the moon’
      • ‘Politicians and lovers are both inclined to offer you the moon, but both might eventually do nothing more than use you and leave you for scrap.’
      • ‘They want someone who can give you the moon if you desired it, it's what I want for you, what you deserve.’
      • ‘I wouldn't lay down on that thing even if you promised me the moon.’

The moon orbits the earth in a period of 27.32 days, going through a series of phases from new moon to full moon and back again during that time. Its average distance from the earth is some 384,000 km and it is 3,476 km in diameter. The bright and dark features which outline the face of ‘the Man in the Moon’ are highland and lowland regions, the former heavily pockmarked by craters due to the impact of meteorites. The moon has no atmosphere, and the same side is always presented to the earth

verb

  • 1no object, with adverbial Behave or move in a listless and aimless manner.

    ‘I don't want her mooning about in the morning’
    • ‘And yep, you got it right, up till now, he was still mooning around because of Sandara.’
    • ‘His talent at piloting was uncanny and he had spent his time mooning about the docks, watching the skimmers.’
    • ‘She is still mooning about in that motel room, but she does that you know.’
    • ‘I spent at least a year mooning around before Darren had told me to snap out of it.’
    • ‘And she's mooning around with old love-letters instead of putting herself to good use.’
    waste time, fiddle, loaf, idle, mope, drift, stooge around
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Act in a dreamily infatuated manner.
      ‘Timothy's mooning over her like a schoolboy’
      • ‘Just when Michele pledged to get on with her life and stop mooning for her mechanical engineer, out of the blue he asked her out for dinner and proposed.’
      • ‘I was thinking of getting engaged to Barry, but I saw less and less of him and mooned over John.’
      • ‘Anne is now officially ‘loved up’ with the bloke she has been mooning over for 4 years.’
      • ‘However he just couldn't help spending a lot of time mooning over the situation.’
      • ‘He felt like one of those idiots in a chick flick mooning over the movie's lead.’
      • ‘Haley lets out a small sigh, ‘What you just described would be mooning or pining, not to mention pathetic.’’
      • ‘My best friend's oblivious to everything, mooning over some guy.’
      • ‘I was getting sick of them mooning over each other.’
      • ‘Kim's second-best friend Sharon is still mooning over Shane.’
      • ‘Including spending most of my teenage years mooning over a guy who never even knew my name.’
      • ‘The afternoon was their own, and most soldiers spent their free time mooning over the girl at the tavern.’
      • ‘He, of course, was soaking it all in and enjoying the way they mooned over him.’
      • ‘I don't want my employees looking like lovesick schoolgirls mooning over a cute hunk.’
      • ‘She would spend most of the night mooning over Jake anyway.’
      • ‘Why was he mooning over a girl that he hardly knew?’
      • ‘Having Walter mooning over her and being frustrated was gratifying in a selfish way.’
      • ‘She finally quit mooning over Terrie, and she and John are now going steady.’
      • ‘She turns up on a transfer, starts acing every assignment, acts modest about it and never seems to do any extra work, and you're playing racquetball with her and mooning after her whenever she heads off on a date with Donnie.’
      • ‘It's kinda hard when you see your husband mooning over a stupid blonde.’
      • ‘In 1993, she hung around tennis courts mooning after Andre Agassi.’
      mope, pine, languish, brood, daydream, fantasize, be in a reverie, be in a brown study
      View synonyms
  • 2informal no object Expose one's buttocks to someone in order to insult or amuse them.

    ‘the crew dropped their trousers and mooned at them’
    with object ‘Dan had whipped round, bent over, and mooned the crowd’
    • ‘You may remember two or three years ago Howard he his pants down and mooned the camera and the audience.’
    • ‘Last time she was here, she says, she and her guitarist, Evan Taubenfeld, dropped their trousers on the ride and mooned the people in the car behind them.’
    • ‘Who could cry when Noah and Todd managed to moon the entire crowd when they went up to receive their diplomas?’
    • ‘On Nov.4, Valleyfield police reported that a 19-year-old boy at a party in a mall parking lot had approached their car and mooned them.’
    • ‘This is the same man that mooned a judge in court just a few weeks ago.’
    • ‘I don't think they should throw him out of baseball, but he does deserve to get booed and mooned.’
    • ‘Of course, some people point out that this idea is coming from a mayor who has a habit of mooning crowds at speaking engagements, frequently dresses up in a giant carrot suit and got married on top of an elephant.’
    • ‘The baby photos are cute, but it's the snap of the foursome cheekily mooning that gets the biggest reaction.’
    • ‘Of particular note was the girl who cartwheeled onto stage, promptly mooned the audience, and then pinwheeled her arms in a dancing frenzy for the remainder of the set.’
    • ‘We do not like some of the things they do, especially those things that break the law or insult Greek sensitivities, such as mooning.’
    • ‘They're swinging about like monkeys, roaring up and down the aisles and I was even mooned at once.’
    • ‘He was touring 300 nights of the year, playing these wild shows: getting drunk, mooning the audience and shooting guns.’
    • ‘No, my real issue with them is that I am tired of getting inadvertently mooned by complete strangers.’
    • ‘He famously mooned a referee, threw a shoe at a baseline judge who kept calling foot faults and changed both his shirt and his shorts on court during a match.’

Phrases

  • over the moon

    • informal Extremely happy; delighted.

      ‘they're going on holiday on Wednesday so they're all over the moon’
      • ‘She is still over the moon, stunned and elated and by her good fortune.’
      • ‘He was over the moon and planned to be there at the birth.’
      • ‘There is actually some good news though, I am now 8 months pregnant and with my new partner who is over the moon at having a child.’
      • ‘The call up came last weekend and I was over the moon with it.’
      • ‘You can tell I'm over the moon by the amount I have rambled on!’
      • ‘There was absolute jubilation around and people were over the moon with it.’
      • ‘If we won the championship, naturally we would be over the moon.’
      • ‘I'm delighted for him and I'm really and truly over the moon for what he's achieved.’
      • ‘Joe, who has worked at the centre since 1991, said he was over the moon with the award which he said was for everyone who works at the centre.’
      • ‘Now she's over the moon that in the space of three years, she's not only got herself a fascinating hobby but a husband and business as well.’
      ecstatic, euphoric, thrilled, overjoyed, elated, delighted, on cloud nine, on cloud seven, treading on air, walking on air, in seventh heaven, jubilant, rapturous, beside oneself with joy, jumping for joy, exultant, transported, delirious, enraptured, blissful, in raptures, as pleased as punch, cock-a-hoop, as happy as a sandboy, as happy as larry, like a child with a new toy
      View synonyms

Origin

Old English mōna, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch maan and German Mond, also to month, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin mensis and Greek mēn ‘month’, and also Latin metiri ‘to measure’ (the moon being used to measure time).

Pronunciation

moon

/muːn/