Definition of monument in English:



  • 1A statue, building, or other structure erected to commemorate a notable person or event.

    ‘a simple stone monument marked the nearby crash site’
    ‘a monument to Magellan is in the main square of the city’
    • ‘A dream of erecting a monument to the Battle of Britain is now one step closer after fundraisers hit the halfway mark £600,000.’
    • ‘Once there a top New York sculptor will work the stone into a fitting monument to be given pride of place within the new gardens.’
    • ‘He said the memorial would be a monument to Corrie's courage and sacrifice for peace and justice in Palestine.’
    • ‘And plans are now in place to erect a monument to celebrate their achievements.’
    • ‘Battle of Britain survivors yesterday launched a project to raise funds for a monument to commemorate their historic actions.’
    • ‘After the war, a new village was built nearby and the tragedy was commemorated by a monument and a memorial rose garden.’
    • ‘The second type of tomb was erected as a monument to honour the dead and to preserve their memory.’
    • ‘The media could publicise the event and help provide additional funding for a worthwhile monument to enhance York's beauty.’
    • ‘The nearby beach where the toddler loved to play has also been renamed after him and locals want to erect a marble monument to the youngster.’
    • ‘The passengers erected a monument to honour him.’
    • ‘It is a scandal that there is no official monument to commemorate the contribution of women in the Second World War.’
    • ‘A large monument was erected on the battlefields to commemorate their bravery and their strength to serve to their fullest.’
    • ‘In 1889 a monument to him was erected at the location of his execution.’
    • ‘The winner of a design for a monument to commemorate the signing of the Freedom Charter in Kliptown is to be announced today in the township.’
    • ‘After his death, the Athenians honored his memory with a statue, and a monument to him was erected in his own country.’
    • ‘We certainly ought to have the most impressive, beautiful monument to mark the tragedy, but I think you have space for both, the buildings and the monument.’
    • ‘The monument was erected on September 12 1993 and is a memorial to the talented performer who lived and worked in the area.’
    • ‘When we erect monuments and memorials as a public tribute to specific events, they begin to reshape our memories.’
    • ‘They begin with the proposal to erect a monument to a famous figure.’
    • ‘Long after the artist's death, the King opposed the Royal Academy's proposal of 1805 to erect a monument to Reynolds at St Paul's.’
    1. 1.1 A statue or other structure placed over a grave in memory of the dead.
      ‘a handsome monument of granite is placed over the grave’
      • ‘In addition, some tombstones and other monuments to dead craftsman of all ages throughout Europe, and sometimes America, illustrate their tools.’
      • ‘Perhaps one of the things war monuments and graves do is to make you reflect on whether you would have the mettle to give your life for what you felt was right.’
      • ‘I played along the railroad he helped bring to Ripley, Mississippi in sight of the monument covering his grave.’
      • ‘‘There have been some times in the past when people have damaged graves and monuments, but this hasn't happened recently,’ he said.’
      • ‘Her admirers later had a monument placed over her grave.’
      • ‘They're monuments to dead climbers - not gravestones per se but carefully constructed shrines.’
      • ‘That he might be considered a hero is evidenced by the monument on his grave which was paid for by the passengers on his train, in recognition of his sacrifice.’
      • ‘Originally a combined cemetery and arboretum, the trees soon made way for thousands of graves and monuments from all over London.’
      • ‘More importantly, villages invested money in re-doing grave sites, covering the dead with multi-tiered cement monuments.’
      • ‘Most researchers now agree that the pyramids were very elaborate monuments for the dead.’
      • ‘The late sculptor James McKenna was hailed as one of the best sculptors of the millennium at the unveiling of a monument at his grave in Newbridge last week.’
      • ‘And despite a police appeal the monument from the family grave of Robert, the village schoolmaster for almost 40 years, was not returned.’
      • ‘The town council closed part of the graveyard at the end of November when council workers found that a number of headstones and other monuments were unsafe.’
      • ‘He died in comparative poverty, but was buried in Westminster Abbey, where Lady Anne Clifford, countess of Dorset, paid for his handsome monument.’
      • ‘There have been small victories at a local level, with villages achieving exhumations of mass graves, reburying their dead and erecting monuments.’
      • ‘He realized this was not just a monument but also a grave, and the inscription was an epitaph.’
      gravestone, headstone, tombstone
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    2. 1.2 A building, structure, or site that is of historical importance or interest.
      ‘the amphitheatre is one of the many Greek monuments in Sicily’
      • ‘Our individual histories reside in monuments and sites; our collective histories reside in places where we live together.’
      • ‘He pointed out that the works would help preserve old buildings and monuments and strengthen their historical and architectural significance.’
      • ‘It includes important early accounts of such major monuments as Stonehenge and Hadrian's Wall.’
      • ‘For the importance of preserving the historical monuments, say heritage, is being widely recognised.’
      • ‘Americans spend millions of dollars to safeguard historic treasures and monuments.’
      • ‘Some 20,000 buildings (including whole villages) were burned down, including numerous historical and cultural monuments.’
      • ‘The National Trust also involves volunteers in the physical conservation of sites and monuments.’
      • ‘The prosperity of this society may be seen from the large stone monuments they erected.’
      • ‘Historical monuments, sites and buildings also came under the scrutinising eye of the engineers preparing the draft plan.’
      • ‘But Zambia offers other attractions like wildlife, a rich cultural heritage and its people, historical sites and monuments.’
      • ‘As a member of the National Council of Monuments of Culture, he has over thirty years of experience in conservation of historical monuments and buildings.’
      • ‘Stonehenge is one of the world's best known monuments of the ancient times.’
      • ‘The Shrine is a monument to the dedication of the people who built it and maintained it.’
      • ‘The Abbey site is now run primarily as an historic monument with a museum and visitor facilities.’
      • ‘Listed historic buildings and monuments are an important part of English heritage and, if lost, the loss is that of the people of England.’
      • ‘Historical monuments and buildings need special care if they're to be conserved for posterity.’
      • ‘India has many historical monuments aptly notified as world heritage sites.’
      • ‘About five million people visit each year to see ancient sites and monuments.’
      • ‘As for outdoor statues, they have the characteristic potential of becoming a monument to a country, a landmark.’
      • ‘An historical monument is interesting, but to make it a tourist attraction, investments are needed in infrastructure.’
      distinctive feature, prominent feature, sight, spectacle
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    3. 1.3 An enduring and memorable example of something.
      ‘recordings that are a monument to the art of playing the piano’
      • ‘One of the most visible monuments to climate change is the dead spruce forests in Alaska.’
      • ‘The building was a monument to gloomy Edwardian luxury, with a hallway of marble and panelled wood.’
      • ‘I have thereby tried to create another kind of monument, if an academic essay can even begin to bear the weight of such an analogy.’
      • ‘Pat also contributed his expertise voluntarily over the years and the designs of the buildings are a monument to his skill.’
      • ‘Like an old stone barn with hand-hewn beams, they were built to last, enduring monuments to craftsmanship and common sense.’
      • ‘These grand, leather-bound folios are monuments to the importance that rulers placed on record keeping.’
      • ‘Today, this volume stands as a fitting and lasting monument of its time to Finzi's pioneering work on behalf of the composer whose achievements he valued so much.’
      • ‘The event also felt like a monument to the architectural establishment.’
      • ‘The shrine was included in the collection as an important monument in the history of Japanese architecture, no more, no less.’
      • ‘Beyond that, the clan system is the ultimate monument to the genealogical structure of society.’
      testament, record, reminder, remembrance, memorial, commemoration, witness, token
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Middle English (denoting a burial place): via French from Latin monumentum, from monere ‘remind’.