Definition of monsoon in English:



  • 1A seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and South East Asia, blowing from the south-west between May and September and bringing rain (the wet monsoon), or from the north-east between October and April (the dry monsoon).

    • ‘Many of them had seen tents go to other villages and thought that this would be the best thing to see them through the summer and the monsoon.’
    • ‘May to September brings the cooler and drier south-east monsoon, with strong winds and high seas in July and August.’
    • ‘And it points out that the cyclones and monsoons that already bring such damage to the area could become even more frequent and intense.’
    • ‘The south-west monsoon from May to October brings heavy rain and heavy seas and can restrict diving.’
    • ‘However, the monsoon is no season to lounge on the cosy sands beside the lapping waves.’
    • ‘We get only very little rain during the South West monsoon.’
    • ‘Besides, both north-east and south-west monsoons have a higher level of rainfall which may discourage farmers from applying more fertilisers.’
    • ‘But those states were spared when record-breaking monsoons brought heavy summer rains instead of the fierce fires officials had expected.’
    • ‘The northeast monsoon, which brings us most of our water, has set in.’
    • ‘The monsoon trough is a broad area of low atmospheric pressure running east-west through the tropics in the summer months.’
    • ‘Malaysia's climate is tropical, with monsoons bringing an average annual rainfall of about 95 inches.’
    • ‘Make sure you have spent enough time in the country to familiarise yourself with the different seasons - sunshine is one matter but monsoons are another.’
    • ‘The large area involved and the grand scale of the weather within monsoon climates suggest that monsoons play a significant role in the management of the global climate.’
    • ‘The result was a globally arid and dry climate, though regions near the coast most likely experienced seasonal monsoons.’
    • ‘April through mid-November is the dry season, while December through March is the monsoon.’
    • ‘Transplanting of nearly 15-month-old nursery seedlings is done during next monsoons or following winter.’
    • ‘The period of the southwest monsoon (June to September) is usually the driest.’
    • ‘The other good news is that the northerly monsoons have arrived in the Gulf, blowing steadily from north-west veering north-east.’
    • ‘On another note, all elections should be held only after the monsoons, and after all the candidates have been forced to walk on foot through the city during the rains.’
    • ‘This creates winds that generally blow from the southwest during the summer monsoon and from the northeast from October to April.’
    tempest, squall
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 The rainy season accompanying the wet monsoon.
      • ‘This time of year, the rice was planted, and it was up for the summer monsoons to finish the job.’
      • ‘Appropriate food as it was the day that the monsoon finally arrived in Delhi and you know how hungry rainy weather makes you.’
      • ‘The tree planting spree has started and monsoon rainfall will sustain it.’
      • ‘So it's been a long summer, a long hot summer, and once the hot season ends then the monsoon is just now come.’
      • ‘Following the dry season, the monsoons hit the community in full force; several people drowned, trapped in the city's storm water runoff channels.’
      • ‘His voice reminds you of the long awaited monsoon showers caressing the parched earth.’
      • ‘The village waits for the monsoons to come and rain on its crops, but the ground remains dry and infertile.’
      • ‘India's dramatic seasons of drought and monsoon can destroy everything a person owns.’
      • ‘The delayed monsoon had affected all crops adversely.’
      • ‘In other parts of the world, there are summer rain, spring rain, monsoons and April showers that bring May flowers.’
      • ‘The monsoon showers are here again to swathe the State in a watery blanket.’
      • ‘The Himalayan Range is the major cause of the summer monsoon rains.’
      • ‘As the monsoons fade and the dry seasons take over, this year particularly there is widespread fear and uncertainty about the future.’
      • ‘In sub-Saharan Africa rain comes in monsoons, which are large storms that dump a large amount of rain.’


Late 16th century: from Portuguese monção, from Arabic mawsim ‘season’, from wasama ‘to mark, brand’.