Definition of monocyte in English:



  • A large phagocytic white blood cell with a simple oval nucleus and clear, greyish cytoplasm.

    • ‘Microglia, brain cells equivalent to the monocytes of the immune system, surrounded the plaques that were not yet cleared.’
    • ‘In vivo studies have demonstrated that glutamine is essential for optimal immune cell functioning for monocytes, lymphocytes and neutrophils.’
    • ‘In response to infectious pathogens or their by-products, monocytes and macrophages generate and release proinflammatory cytokines.’
    • ‘Both inflammatory and antiinflammatory responses were attenuated, whereas the innate cell function of granulocytes and monocytes was preserved.’
    • ‘In some animal studies, it stimulates natural killer cells and monocytes, which the immune system uses to fight off viruses.’