Definition of monism in English:



Philosophy Theology
  • 1A theory or doctrine that denies the existence of a distinction or duality in a particular sphere, such as that between matter and mind, or God and the world.

    • ‘Paganism on the other hand has adopted a worldview based on monism, where duality is more often perceived as aspects of an encompassing whole.’
    • ‘His philosophy of monism claimed that the many things which appear to exist are merely a single eternal reality which he called Being.’
    • ‘He combined ancient classical humanism with Oriental metaphysics to ratify his own down-to-earth brand of philosophical monism.’
    • ‘The coherence theory builds in a metaphysical bias towards monism: the idea that everything we know should somehow form one massive ‘complete theory of everything’.’
    • ‘Breton embraced a similar kind of monism, arguing famously against distinctions between the real and imaginary, past and future, life and death.’
    1. 1.1 The doctrine that only one supreme being exists.
      Compare with pluralism
      • ‘Theism might always be about meaning, but what religion would look like if monism were asserted against theism is an open question.’
      • ‘If this step from monotheism to monism goes too far, in what ways can Judaism respond to a postmodern desire for Oneness?’


Mid 19th century: from modern Latin monismus, from Greek monos ‘single’.