Definition of Mongolian in English:

Mongolian

noun

  • 1A native or inhabitant of Mongolia.

    • ‘‘The elections must be fair, and people must be honest,’ said Bazaraa, a 51-year-old Ulan Bator taxi driver who like many Mongolians goes by only one name.’
    • ‘While more than 90 percent of China is Han, the country has more than 50 ethnic minorities, including different Muslim groups, Tibetans, Koreans and Mongolians.’
    • ‘Soviets and Mongolians announce that all Soviet troops will be withdrawn from Mongolia by 1992.’
    • ‘The slow, epic time of the Mongolians begins with fairy tales, rhapsodic narration, and wonderful epopees - the old traditional songs in which they tell their whole history.’
    • ‘The project would displace 4,000 people, including Tibetans and Mongolians from their grazing lands and water sources.’
    • ‘Since it is too cold to go out of the house in Mongolia eight months of the year, Mongolians traditionally have had to store up enough food to last the winter and then stay indoors.’
    • ‘The proposed move is, therefore, not primarily for Mongolians or Tibetans, it is primarily for the people of Taiwan.’
    • ‘The 15 Mongolians, all owners or executive managers of small or medium-sized enterprises, started their training sessions in Taipei last Wednesday.’
    • ‘Totally distinct from Chinese, the languages of minority groups such as Tibetans, Uighurs and Mongolians are officially recognized and taught in schools.’
    • ‘Traditionally famed for their horsemanship and hospitality, many Mongolians still lead nomadic lives, moving their transportable houses or ‘yurts’ between summer and winter grazing grounds.’
    • ‘We had to make contracts with the Chinese because they administrate the country, and we had to make contracts with the Mongolians because it is their pastureland.’
    • ‘‘When I worked with the four Mongolians, they showed me the Mongolian folk dance, and I fell in love with it,’ she says.’
    • ‘This is the view presented by the enormous Inner Mongolian grasslands, dotted with white tents, called yurts, where tourists and some Mongolians still live.’
    • ‘It was a fantastic idea and a wonderful country, the Mongolians bent over backwards to be welcoming.’
    • ‘Today, about 80 per cent of Mongolians still live in the wood-framed, canvas-covered structures.’
    • ‘Horses are everywhere - some say that Mongolians invented horseback riding - and what better way to see the countryside than in a saddle?’
    • ‘The Mongolians offer good terms for investment but no Indian company has taken up the offer.’
    • ‘‘The Mongolians generally avoid going out in extreme conditions,’ says Mark.’
    • ‘The Han drink it unsweetened and black, Mongolians have it with milk, and Tibetans serve it with yak butter.’
    • ‘In the 14th century, moon cakes were vital weapons for the Han people in their struggle to overthrow the Mongolians.’
  • 2[mass noun] The language of Mongolia, a member of the Altaic family with an unusual vertical cursive script. It has some 2 million speakers, and related forms are spoken by over 3 million people in northern China.

    • ‘Most Mongolians are Buddhist and speak Mongolian.’
    • ‘Built like a wrestler, he made his name as a literature scholar, translating Joyce and Dickens into Mongolian.’
    • ‘Mongolia in Genghis Khan's day was inhabited by a mosaic of nomadic tribes, some speaking Mongolian, others various forms of Turkish.’
    • ‘Once people spoke in Mongolian, the magical quality of Mongolia nationality would appear, leaving us with a special feeling.’
    • ‘Later these were translated into Tibetan, Chinese, Mongolian, Korean, Japanese and so forth.’
    • ‘Korean is generally thought to belong to the Altaic language family, along with Turkish, Mongolian, Japanese, and other languages.’
    • ‘Marx's ‘Das Kapital’ has just been translated into Mongolian.’
    • ‘‘Thanks but no thanks,’ I translate quickly from Mongolian.’
    • ‘All interviews were conducted in Mongolian and translated by the interviewers into English for purposes of analysis.’
    • ‘The Qianlong Emperor was a custodian of literature, in Manchu, Mongolian, Chinese, Tibetan and the Uigur language of Turkestan (all of which he read).’
    • ‘The wolf is a common guise of Mongolian and Siberian shamans - although a bear is perhaps more common (in Mongolian, ‘bear’ and ‘father’ have the same root).’
    • ‘Important documents are translated into major minority tongues and four of them - Tibetan, Mongolian, Uighur and Zhuang - appear on Chinese bank notes.’
    • ‘The Turkmen of Iraq, some 500,000-700,000 strong, speak an Altaic language related to Mongolian and perhaps very distantly to Korean and Japanese.’
    • ‘Their spoken language, Korean, is a Uralic language with similarities to Japanese, Mongolian, Hungarian, and Finnish.’
    • ‘He sent one of his students to China in order to collect Chinese medical literature which he then had translated into Persian, Arabic and Mongolian and edited.’
    • ‘Actually, the words were in Mongolian, but I'm pretty sure that's what he said.’
    • ‘The publication of his book in Mongolian last year was even celebrated by Mongolia's president.’
    • ‘The Korean language is difficult and essentially unrelated to Chinese or Japanese: it belongs to the same group as Mongolian, Hungarian and Finnish.’
    • ‘Khalkha Mongolian is the official language and is spoken by 90 percent of the people.’
    • ‘The word Bogda, meaning immortal, originates from Mongolian.’

adjective

  • Relating to Mongolia, its people, or their language.

    • ‘But the existence of the Mongolian language still kept me aware of the uniqueness of this nationality.’
    • ‘The Kalmyks, as the republic's residents are known, were once Mongolian nomads who lived and practiced their faith on the Central Asian steppe.’
    • ‘I've told them I'll get my own back later because I'm an expert on the role of the nasal flute in Mongolian music.’
    • ‘Leeds Council chiefs are officially launching the event at the Town Hall today with an exhibition of Mongolian dancing and singing.’
    • ‘In the local Mongolian language, Lugu means falling into the water.’
    • ‘Our reviewer reports on the latest film by the Mongolian film student studying in Munich whose last film was nominated for an Oscar in 2003.’
    • ‘A Manchester businessman is hoping to cross 625 miles of harsh Mongolian desert using wind power alone.’
    • ‘As if perfectly orchestrated, the moon rose between two distant hills, framing the silhouettes of three Mongolian horsemen galloping across the steppes to ignite the huge bonfire.’
    • ‘She, too, is Mongolian but she went to school in China.’
    • ‘Yet Mongolian journalists ignored organized crime, corruption, bribery and abuse of power during this market economy transition.’
    • ‘These mobile homes have been used for thousands of years by nomadic Mongolian tribesmen on the steppes of Asia.’
    • ‘There is a marvellous scene in which Mongolian musicians play and sing to the mother camel in an attempt to improve her mood, leading to an uplifting ending.’
    • ‘We plan to use Mongolian language to shoot the movie.’
    • ‘Welcoming visitors to the Chin-Mong food festival that commenced on Wednesday, he explains how he managed to perfect the Mongolian recipes over the past several years of his experience.’
    • ‘Our Mongolian throat singer - who splits his voice into two pitches simultaneously - is generating so much interest that we decide to move his gig to a bigger venue.’
    • ‘It's so fascinating, going through the development of Turkic peoples, their languages, and culture, from the Mongolian steppe through central Asia and as far as Bulgaria.’
    • ‘The stubbornly nomadic ones among them went back to their former, Mongolian lifestyle, where they could continue to roam at will.’
    • ‘Cultural centers and libraries promote the Mongolian language and cultural productions in cities, towns, and even in the pastoral areas.’
    • ‘Then the Soviet Union collapsed and its market for Mongolian goods disappeared.’
    • ‘They have a network of buyers who purchase directly from Mongolian farmers and secure the cream of the crop.’

Pronunciation:

Mongolian

/mɒŋˈɡəʊlɪən/