One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A brown crystalline mineral consisting of a phosphate of cerium, lanthanum, other rare earth elements, and thorium.
- ‘Eighteen analyses of detrital zircon and one of monazite were carried out for the late Silurian sandstone.’
- ‘I dutifully explained that the smoky spots were probably the result of natural irradiation caused by many tiny radioactive mineral grains, possibly monazite or xenotime.’
- ‘The unusual age zonation is probably linked to the mineralogical association of monazite and apatite during metamorphic reactions.’
- ‘Detrital monazite will not survive sedimentary recycling as well as zircon, so it provides a better estimate of the age of the most recent terrane erosion.’
- ‘They are found in minerals such as monazite and bastnasite, the main sources of which are in China and the USA.’
Mid 19th century: from German Monazit, from Greek monazein ‘live alone’ (because of its rare occurrence).
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