Definition of monarchy in English:



  • 1[mass noun] A form of government with a monarch at the head.

    • ‘It did not depend on the formal characteristics of the state - monarchy or republic, constitutional or authoritarian.’
    • ‘You can see that the resulting difference in the constitution may be enormous: anywhere from social democracy to absolute monarchy.’
    • ‘A new constitution was promulgated restoring constitutional monarchy.’
    • ‘It was supposed to be about ideology and heroism, but in reality, it was just a new brand of monarchy.’
    • ‘Much of what Australian republicans sought was achieved under constitutional monarchy.’
    • ‘Discussions about republican Rome were also at that time a way of masking criticisms of monarchy, in a society where open criticism was impossible.’
    • ‘He ridiculed the very idea of monarchy and turned the political debate in a decisively republican direction.’
    • ‘The snobbery and hatred of meritocracy that have been revealed this week are simply inevitable further by-products of monarchy.’
    • ‘The Second Empire almost solved the problem of reconciling monarchy and democracy - but not quite, and not in time.’
    • ‘The Spartan constitution was mixed, containing elements of monarchy, oligarchy and democracy.’
    • ‘His reign marked a significant advance from personal monarchy towards the bureaucratised state of the future.’
    • ‘The first one I have put up is a rather whimsical article by an American journalist on why constitutional monarchy is the best form of government.’
    • ‘Aristotle produced a complex taxonomy of constitutions, the three main types of which are monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy.’
    • ‘The history of the world is a history of systems: monarchy, oligarchy, democracy, what you will.’
    • ‘The rebels are spearheading a violent campaign to set up a republican state by abolishing constitutional monarchy in Nepal.’
    • ‘Can people move directly from a clan-based system to democracy, skipping monarchy and feudalism?’
    • ‘Of course even such symbolic discrimination is wrong, but monarchy is by definition a rejection of social equality.’
    • ‘It acknowledges darkness, as well as the historic bookends of oppressive monarchy and violent fascism.’
    • ‘Khan said a large number of people in Nepal said the king's recent action was not in keeping with constitutional monarchy.’
    • ‘A universal franchise and limited government are better than monarchy or tyranny.’
    kingship, sovereignty, autocracy, monocracy, absolutism, absolute power, despotism
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    1. 1.1[count noun]A state that has a monarch.
      • ‘According to international financial bodies, this situation demands the reform of what is one of the world's last remaining constitutional monarchies.’
      • ‘Saudi Arabia is among the world's richest monarchies, but it has not spread monarchy in the mainly republican Middle East.’
      • ‘By way of comparison there are nine constitutional monarchies in the Caribbean which have never had problems with their governors-general.’
      • ‘Luxembourg is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy.’
      • ‘When Prussia defeated France in 1870, it initiated the establishment of a new German Empire, a monarchy over monarchies.’
      • ‘If Britain and Sweden provided working models of parliamentary monarchies, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth offered a salutary lesson of another kind.’
      • ‘Iran has made the transition in the last twenty years from a nominal constitutional monarchy to a democratic theocracy.’
      • ‘In contrast to monarchies in which the king had the power to separate conflicting factions, any such higher authority was absent in the Dutch Republic.’
      • ‘Tiberius did not shrink from annexing dependent monarchies: Germanicus took over Commagene and Cappadocia, which made it possible to halve the Roman sales tax.’
      • ‘All three of the countries are monarchies of one sort or another.’
      • ‘Because of increasingly complex feudal contracts, English kings ruled parts of France and conflict between the two monarchies was common.’
      • ‘Of the roughly 200 countries in the world, only about two dozen remain monarchies.’
      • ‘Like all the little monarchies scattered along the coast of the Gulf, Kuwait used to be a sleepy little backwater, getting by on pearl fishing and trade.’
      • ‘Obviously there are some differences living in monarchies like Australia, New Zealand and Canada to living in others like Sweden, Denmark or The Netherlands.’
      • ‘If the people of this or other hereditary monarchies prefer their form of government to a democracy, that preference ought to be testable.’
      • ‘He refutes the neo-Weberian argument that financial demands of warfare obliged monarchies to develop modern bureaucracies.’
      • ‘Since 1951, Jordan has been a constitutional hereditary monarchy with a parliamentary form of government.’
      • ‘Democratic republics can no more dispense with national idols than monarchies with public functionaries.’
      • ‘It declares that we, as a society, have more faith in foreign monarchies than we do in our own innovation and technology.’
      • ‘Most of the institutional devices typical of modern democracies were forged in republics or limited monarchies.’
      kingdom, sovereign state, principality, empire
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    2. 1.2The monarch and royal family of a country.
      ‘the monarchy is the focus of loyalty and service’
      • ‘When we come back, we'll talk about the royals and what's going on with the monarchy.’
      • ‘Do you think that's where the royal family and the monarchy will go?’
      • ‘However, the monarchy was not absolute, but relied on the support of a powerful and divided nobility.’
      • ‘The policy was continued by the Sunni-based monarchy that was installed by the British after 1932.’
      • ‘The Portuguese monarchy was finally deposed by the revolution of 1910.’
      • ‘The monarchy and the royal judiciary played important roles in the history of early modern France.’
      • ‘The country has one of the oldest monarchies in the world.’
      • ‘Even one of the most famous monarchies in England which gave the king almost absolute powers came under scrutiny from some nobles.’
      • ‘The Crown and the Royal Family, the monarchy, stand for something to be proud of in this world today.’
      • ‘Old traditions are still very much alive in Swaziland, where the monarchy maintains absolute power.’
      • ‘Of more immediate concern to the queen was probably the role of the monarchy itself and the vicissitudes of the royal family.’
      • ‘The 1958 coup that saw the overthrow of the monarchy threw the his family into turmoil.’
      • ‘Until 1918, the region was ruled by the German, Austrian, Russian, and Ottoman Empires, or native monarchies.’
      • ‘The recent divorce was a sad event in what is traditionally one of the world's most popular and much loved monarchies.’
      • ‘When analysing this aspect of the portraits, one historian questioned why the Spanish monarchy tolerated him.’


Late Middle English: from Old French monarchie, via late Latin from Greek monarkhia the rule of one.