Definition of modernism in English:



mass noun
  • 1Modern character or quality of thought, expression, or technique.

    ‘a strange mix of nostalgia and modernism’
    • ‘One is the rejection of foundationalism, which characterized modernism's theological reliance on science, psychology, and philosophy.’
    • ‘The answer for most was the multi-faceted world of experiments in expression that we call modernism.’
    • ‘In objectifying his memories, Jim abandons what we might call his realism for a mode of representation more characteristic of modernism.’
    • ‘By 1914, Europe had perhaps reached the limits of modernism, which was characterized, above all, by disorder in the mind.’
    • ‘Modernity and modernism don't necessarily equate with modernization.’
    • ‘In this, he overcomes the eye/body/mind splits so characteristic of modernism and modernity, especially in the visual arts.’
    • ‘Rather, his regime uses the language of pragmatism and modernism to herald changes that appear at odds with the general cultural consensus on topics such as education and religion.’
    • ‘Therefore, the techniques of modernism, rather than outmoded conceptions of realism, might offer the necessary strategies for representing the reality of modernist events.’
    • ‘In most Arab societies one may find values that endeavor to include modernism and follow modern life style.’
    • ‘There was a total commitment to modernism and innovation, an impatience to get to the future ahead of everybody else.’
    • ‘Using this analytical scheme, I argued that Islamic modernism was an outcome of the discursive context of the ideological contentions in the second part of the nineteenth-century Egypt.’
    • ‘Everything is nostalgia, eventually - modernism is just nostalgia for the future, rooted by the same disgust with the present that informs new urbanist nostalgia.’
    • ‘Not that it necessarily has to be a symbol of modernism and innovation that is targeted for immolation.’
    • ‘This would be a purely social postmodernity which derives from the recognition that even the satires and games of modernism and modernity posit a deeper reality which we can no longer believe in.’
    • ‘Like all of his shows, this one is challenging and timely, but it only glancingly addresses how the computer is eroding the hard-won humanistic qualities of modernism.’
    change, alteration, revolution, upheaval, transformation, metamorphosis, reorganization, restructuring, rearrangement, recasting, remodelling, renovation, restyling, variation
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    1. 1.1 A style or movement in the arts that aims to depart significantly from classical and traditional forms.
      ‘by the post-war period, modernism had become part of art history’
      • ‘The mixture of classical modernism with traditionalist references was thick, and it seemed undeniable that many of the works were deliberate remakes of recognizable Western modernist icons.’
      • ‘In Europe it was Matisse who ushered Bonnard into modernism, asserting that he was a ‘great painter for today and assuredly for the future’.’
      • ‘Is the emergent virtual art that you identify here, for you, a counterrevolution against modernism and postmodernism - or not?’
      • ‘Although it was similar in context and emphasis to the decorative style of ‘art nouveau,’ a stronger connection to modernism distinguished art deco.’
      • ‘These buildings at the Bund represent a variety of Western architectural styles including classicism, eclecticism and modernism.’
      • ‘Or is virtualism an extension of modernism and postmodernism?’
      • ‘That earlier activity ran parallel to the beginnings of modernism in French art, with artists like Manet and Degas responding to the anxious and unsettled urban environment they inhabited.’
      • ‘Its pictorial and plastic experiments were deemed crucial to the construction of modernism and the history of 20th-century art.’
      • ‘Visual art, including bodybuilding, can be divided into classicism and modernism.’
      • ‘The Futurists were influenced by the European artistic movements like modernism and Cubism, with its fractured way of looking at the world.’
      • ‘He parodied the historical parade of styles in modernism, mimicking, for example, the strains of lyrical and geometric abstraction.’
      • ‘He is known for his large abstract collages made of cut and painted canvas that have inflections of European modernism and Abstract Expressionism.’
      • ‘The works of these authors inhabit the domains of neo-realism, modernism, postmodernism and magical realism.’
      • ‘This is a leading distinction between modernism and postmodernism, the so-called decentering of the self.’
      • ‘The work establishes the bridge between modernism and post-modernism utilizing primitive oral techniques.’
      • ‘I will reveal myself as being closer to modernism than to postmodernism by asserting that I believe there are some things that are true.’
      • ‘She also participated in the ideological and esthetic shift from modernism to postmodernism and has experience with the strategies of both.’
      • ‘Much Middle Eastern art in the Biennale revealed a combination of older styles of modernism (early abstraction, Cubism).’
      • ‘There was modernism, then postmodernism, and modernism reappeared, because it never completely disappeared.’
      • ‘It is not quite postmodern yet, but there is a movement against modernism.’
    2. 1.2 A movement towards modifying traditional beliefs in accordance with modern ideas, especially in the Roman Catholic Church in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
      • ‘The quality and quantity of his autobiographies makes them an exceptionally valuable resource for students of Loisy's role in Roman Catholic modernism.’
      • ‘At a time when the church took a rigid and protective stance against what it believed were destructive forces of modernism, Petre's voice honored both reason and faith.’
      • ‘And though Catholic modernism arose in response to the Enlightenment, it may prove to be even more appropriate for postmodern believers.’
      • ‘Orthodox faiths that unite in resisting religious liberalism and modernism may nonetheless disagree about the content of theology and about its social implications.’
      • ‘Our analyses of national data for 12 European countries and Israel lent strong support to our hypotheses linking theological modernism with cultural and economic individualism.’
      • ‘There is no return to the 19th century with its opposition between Church and modernism.’
      • ‘Eager missionaries enter Asia prepared to do battle with ancient Asian religions; they find themselves rehashing old fights with theological modernism.’
      • ‘Indeed traditionalist, Tridentine Roman Catholics deplore the theological modernism into which their church has sunk through the espousal of the theory of doctrinal development.’