Definition of moderation in English:

moderation

noun

mass noun
  • 1The avoidance of excess or extremes, especially in one's behaviour or political opinions.

    ‘he urged the police to show moderation’
    • ‘We advocate that customers eat smart with balance, variety and moderation and go active with moderate exercise.’
    • ‘It will only be cured when people re-discover the old-fashioned virtues of moderation, self-restraint, self-respect, neighbourliness, and a concern for others.’
    • ‘Given the enormous British tradition of restraint and moderation, that won't happen this time but a drastic response such as that will surely happen if such attacks continue.’
    • ‘He identifies the four of the Athenian virtues: wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice.’
    • ‘The County has a long tradition of political moderation with progressive attitudes toward culture, education and science.’
    • ‘It stresses the virtues of wisdom, justice, fortitude, and moderation.’
    • ‘As with all things in bodybuilding, the best way to achieve an extreme physique is through consistency and moderation.’
    • ‘The antithesis of tyranny is justice and moderation and that of ignorance, knowledge and understanding.’
    • ‘Political pluralism also tends to exercise some moderation or restraint on unbridled nationalism.’
    • ‘Common sense, moderation and consistency are the foundations of a fit body and healthy nutrition.’
    • ‘To some extent, it appears to function as a cautionary tale, preaching moderation: excess, it warns, finishes you off quicker than boredom.’
    • ‘They are encouraging young people to associate alcohol with excess and extreme moderation.’
    • ‘He believed that one's guiding principle should be moderation for in the extremes resided the vices of excess and deficiency.’
    • ‘Is there another group that seeks the path of rectitude and moderation with the same fervor?’
    • ‘From the disease model point of view, moderation of addictive behavior is an unrealistic goal for a true addict.’
    • ‘I decided that with moderation, I could eat anything I wanted.’
    • ‘By ‘virtue’ they mean such moral virtues as justice, moderation, and courage.’
    • ‘That's what I favour - moderation and responsible behaviour.’
    • ‘After a couple of nights of moderation, both in political tone and the orator, they're starting to take the gloves off tonight.’
    • ‘No, it could be argued that when it comes to the national team we are guilty of the contrary virtues of patience, moderation, and restraint.’
    self-restraint, restraint, self-control, self-discipline
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 The action of making something less extreme, intense, or violent.
      ‘the union's approach was based on increased dialogue and the moderation of demands’
      • ‘Ireland needs to see significant and continuous cost reductions and wage moderation if we are to protect existing employment.’
      • ‘By contrast, German commitment to wage moderation has decreased its real exchange rate relative to Italy's by almost the same amount.’
      • ‘He said the combination of increased housing supply and easing economic growth ‘will see a moderation in the rate of price growth over the coming months’.’
      • ‘This moderation of tone is politically smart, I think.’
      • ‘They're basically young toughs in these projects, and they're just not responding to any kind of calls for moderation to the violence, not even from their parents, by the way.’
      • ‘Significant cost reductions and a greater focus on wage moderation were necessary to protect jobs in the year ahead.’
      • ‘A real decline in inflation would depend in the moderation of wage demands by ‘organised groups of workers’, indicated Government sources.’
      • ‘While that failure doesn't represent a major blow to the aim of seeking a moderation of greenhouse gas abatements strategy, it does represent a serious problem for Australian consumers.’
      • ‘This is probably more precaution than I would take on my weblog, particularly the moderation of unregistered comments.’
      relaxation, easing, easing off, reduction, abatement, weakening, slackening, diminution, diminishing, lessening, decrease, lightening, subsidence, contraction
      View synonyms
  • 2British The action or process of moderating examination papers, results, or candidates.

    ‘coursework may need to be filed separately for the purposes of moderation’
    • ‘That was for production, printing, marking and moderation, not the fees schools pay.’
    • ‘She wants them to look at the level of training, the quality of marking and the moderation of scripts.’
    • ‘The process of marking and moderation will be completed by Wednesday, October 6, 2004.’
    • ‘The surprise is learning that even when a school's moderation process is proved faulty under the NCEA, students can still retain their inflated marks.’
    • ‘Courses were run by the local centre, while university staff made regular visits for the purposes of moderation, invigilation and staff development.’
    • ‘They could have faced up to the fact that if one is to have a ranking-comparing examination or test, then one has to have some sort of moderation or scaling process.’
    1. 2.1 The first public examination in some faculties for the BA degree at Oxford University.
      ‘he took firsts in classical honour Moderations’
      • ‘Next year will see the examination timetable for Classics Moderations change considerably.’
      • ‘Every candidate who wishes to pass Law Moderations must offer Criminal Law and Constitutional Law and A Roman Introduction to Private Law.’
      • ‘This provides for candidates who have failed one or more papers in the new Moderations to enter for the Preliminary Examination.’
      • ‘Born in Shipston-on-Stour, he was educated at Winchester and later went up to New College, Oxford, and obtained a first-class degree in Moderations.’
  • 3Physics
    The retardation of neutrons by a moderator.

    • ‘The individual fibers absorb water, which can contribute to thermal moderation.’
    • ‘Soil water content was measured three times per week by neutron moderation method at 10, 20, 40, 60, and 80 cm depths.’

Phrases

  • in moderation

    • Within reasonable limits; not to excess.

      ‘nuts can be eaten in moderation’
      • ‘When used in moderation or used in excess on an infrequent basis, the primary effects can be short term.’
      • ‘I even learned to drink, in moderation, and eat very slowly into the night.’
      • ‘If you drink beverages that contain alcohol, do so only in moderation, and eat food before you have a drink.’
      • ‘Hence the need to regularly swim, cycle, or walk - all in moderation and within your limits of course.’
      • ‘There's nothing wrong with eating fatty foods, as long as it's in moderation.’
      • ‘They have the trick of drinking alcohol in moderation.’
      • ‘The team at Stirling University have discovered workers of both sexes who drink in moderation tend to earn more than their teetotal colleagues.’
      • ‘Be casual, active, and have an outgoing personality, but do it in moderation.’
      • ‘I've heard many, many times that you can eat these other things in moderation.’
      • ‘When it comes to dieting, the official view - eat a balanced diet in moderation, and do exercise - is probably the right one.’
      in moderate quantities, in moderate amounts, within reasonable limits, within sensible limits, within limits, within bounds, within due limits
      View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: via Old French from Latin moderatio(n-), from the verb moderare ‘to control’ (see moderate).

Pronunciation

moderation

/mɒdəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/