Definition of model in English:



  • 1A three-dimensional representation of a person or thing or of a proposed structure, typically on a smaller scale than the original.

    ‘a model of St Paul's Cathedral’
    [as modifier] ‘a model aeroplane’
    • ‘The display of matchstick models (including Chartres cathedral in 65,000 matches) instils wide-eyed humility.’
    • ‘He pointed out the scale model of the new monastery and it will surely be a beautiful building when it is completed.’
    • ‘Crews aboard two Canadian Navy ships spent three days looking for the one-eighth scale models, but were unsuccessful.’
    • ‘Scale models of various aircraft have been tastefully mounted in the central section of each decade-wise display.’
    • ‘They will be encouraged to take part in a design game, which uses large maps and scale models to represent town features.’
    • ‘Taking pride of place in the gallery were scale models of a Euro-fighter Typhoon, a Hunter aeroplane and a 68 mm rocket.’
    • ‘Each room contains a larger scale model, together with scale models of the major facilities (such as the performance venue).’
    • ‘Underneath me, a small boy keeps jumping up and slapping a scale model of China that's been fastened to the wall.’
    • ‘A three-dimensional, scale model of the Abbey grounds will be on display in the local banks over the next few weeks.’
    • ‘On display will be vintage cars, commercials, vintage tractors, stationary engines, scale models and motorbikes, along with the only steam motor cycle in the world.’
    • ‘I squint at the scale model of the exhibition which is sitting on the table in between us.’
    • ‘The growth and development of Munster is illustrated in a series of scale models found in the Stadt Museum, built round a tempting ice cream parlour and above shops.’
    • ‘The scale model of the proposed Sports Village is on display at Leigh Library.’
    • ‘You can buy scale models of old tankers in the convention hall, too.’
    • ‘A model, to scale, of the Ballina Church with the proposed changes is currently on view in front of the altar in the Church.’
    • ‘They take images like the one you see there and create three-dimensional models with not only the brain, but also the blood vessels.’
    • ‘It will be a scale model of a Romany caravan about the size of a Wendy house for children to play in.’
    • ‘The exhibition would also include the display of various fishing nets, hooks and scale size models of fishing gear now not in use.’
    • ‘For over half a century, kits have been sold that enable military history buffs to assemble scale models of military ships, aircraft and vehicles.’
    • ‘As a self confessed car nut I was in my element examining pictures of Formula 1 cars and drivers, rally cars, scale models, trucks and bikes.’
    replica, toy, miniature, mock-up, dummy, imitation, duplicate, lookalike, reproduction, facsimile
    replica, copy, representation, mock-up, dummy, imitation, double, duplicate, lookalike, reproduction
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    1. 1.1(in sculpture) a figure or object made in clay or wax, to be reproduced in another more durable material.
      ‘wax models were used by sculptors in the lost wax method of bronze casting’
      • ‘However, given the sculptural effect Leonardo sought to produce in these finished drawings, one wonders to what extent he may have copied from wax or plaster models of flayed limbs.’
      • ‘Work on the statue required a total of two years, with eight months devoted to sculpting the clay model.’
      • ‘Quinn sent resin body casts of the subjects to Italy where they were used as models by stone craftsmen who hand-carved the sculptures in editions of three.’
      • ‘Her sculptures begin life as straw and plaster models before they are cast.’
      • ‘The manner in which the leg is cut off at the groin in some of these drawings recalls the ecorche wax models of legs formerly attributed to Michelangelo in the Victoria and Albert Museum.’
      • ‘A principal use of wax in sculpture is as an auxiliary material, either for preliminary sketches or for making models to be reproduced in metal.’
      • ‘The sculpture models were all cast after his death.’
      • ‘Several large sculptures, as well as models, are on view.’
      • ‘In the past, this would have meant having a sculptor create a clay model from the drawings.’
      • ‘For thousands of years, in fact, foundry workers have made bronze castings of clay models made by sculptors.’
      replica, copy, representation, mock-up, dummy, imitation, double, duplicate, lookalike, reproduction
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  • 2A thing used as an example to follow or imitate.

    ‘the project became a model for other schemes’
    • ‘Diabetics should follow a self-monitoring model to help in better management of the disease.’
    • ‘Those who have it make the best friends, the best leaders, the best models to follow.’
    • ‘He also wants the Government to follow the Spanish model of organ donation.’
    • ‘Organization for the first leg followed traditional models.’
    • ‘Many coffee-shops are now following the same model, which could undermine the prospects for fee-based hotspots.’
    • ‘This is the first national pilot for the scheme and it is likely other authorities will follow the model in Wiltshire.’
    • ‘He says it needs to follow the trends of models overseas.’
    • ‘Is it any wonder we are confused when we live in a popular culture that is fixated on love, yet fails to provide any realistic models for us to follow?’
    • ‘He observes that churches now follow the same corporate models that farms have adopted.’
    • ‘At first, they followed the Japanese model: outsource within the domestic economy.’
    • ‘We have tried to follow the US model or the Western European models.’
    • ‘He has followed the same model with his current operation.’
    • ‘The industry however, believes that the model to be followed and which is a big driver is ‘buy now and pay later’.’
    • ‘Many nations have unabashedly followed the American model of development.’
    • ‘When making decisions, state officials refuse to take reality into account and follow the same old models.’
    • ‘And I'm afraid, with respect, that the European networks are no models to follow at all.’
    • ‘If it isn't a war then we should follow the criminal model and use the laws and rules that have been established to to deal with this.’
    • ‘Western models were often followed; mods and rockers, skinheads, punks, and hippies all found their Soviet imitators.’
    • ‘He suggested that the course should follow models already available to students in parts of Europe, in Australia and America.’
    • ‘A Bradford car dealership has been hailed as a model for others to follow for its work in supporting and promoting equal opportunities.’
    prototypical, prototypal, archetypal, illustrative
    prototype, stereotype, archetype, type, version, style
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    1. 2.1A person or thing regarded as an excellent example of a specified quality.
      ‘as she grew older, she became a model of self-control’
      [as modifier] ‘he was a model husband and father’
      • ‘As a piece of curatorial work, the two shows are a model of excellence.’
      • ‘An initiative to provide low-cost affordable homes above shops in York has been praised as a model of urban regeneration by the Government.’
      • ‘Guy looked like an ancient Greek statue come to life, for he was a model of physical perfection.’
      • ‘Its inquiry has been a model of its kind, an example of how parties can work together and parliament with the Executive.’
      • ‘Up to the age of 11, my childhood has been a model of textbook perfection.’
      • ‘I think in many ways it has been a model of executive-legislative relations.’
      • ‘The hypocrite is a good example for other people, a model of probity and decorum, at least until the truth comes out.’
      • ‘That's when I first started trying so hard, pushing myself to be such a model of perfection.’
      • ‘The late cardinal was a model of sanctity for today's Christians.’
      • ‘He agrees that his failure to respond is not a model of perfection.’
      • ‘Her book is an excellent study of the early modern professions and a model of insightful historical research.’
      • ‘He is a model of patience and an example of how to listen without making moral judgments or instant evaluations.’
      • ‘Solomon, for example, is held up as a model of wisdom, even though he eventually becomes as corrupted as other kings.’
      • ‘It was baffling, he suggested, that a country so stained by a history of slavery and brutal segregation should dare think itself a model of purity.’
      • ‘The merger stood out as a model of discipline among the industry's increasingly expensive couplings.’
      • ‘But he always seemed to me to be a model of what a Christian penitent should be and I was always grateful for him.’
      • ‘The book makes for an excellent history of a major corporation and a model of organization for coverage of a complex topic.’
      • ‘A Jewish king was supposed to be a model of what an ideal Jew is all about - a figurehead for the rest of the nation to emulate.’
      • ‘He was neither influential on policy, a significant thinker on Germany, or a model of the freedom-is-truth ideal he propounded.’
      • ‘The hospice model of care is now espoused as a model of excellence and has led to a worldwide hospice movement aspiring to deliver high quality care to dying patients.’
      ideal, perfect, exemplary, classic, flawless, faultless, consummate, impeccable
      ideal, paragon, perfect example, specimen, perfect specimen
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    2. 2.2An actual person or place on which a specified fictional character or location is based.
      ‘Preston was the model for Coketown in ‘Hard Times’’
      • ‘The actual model is a homemaker and mother of two children now living in the Houston area.’
      • ‘Coincidentally this same guy was the model for a character in a story I just wrote.’
      • ‘It has published its first work of fiction and folks in Miami are trying to find out the real-life models for the characters.’
      • ‘The boarding school background matched his very closely, and some claim that specific models for each character are known.’
      • ‘The list was eventually whittled down to just five names and from that came the choice of a model for the character.’
    3. 2.3The plan for the reorganization of the Parliamentary army, passed by the House of Commons in 1644–5.
  • 3A simplified description, especially a mathematical one, of a system or process, to assist calculations and predictions.

    ‘a statistical model used for predicting the survival rates of endangered species’
    • ‘Operational-tactical models provide the basis for mathematical models of naval warfare processes.’
    • ‘Theoretical chemistry is the study of chemical phenomena with the help of mathematical models and computer calculations.’
    • ‘It's all about mathematical models that provide accurate descriptions of measurable properties and it's real in much the same way a path or a recipe is real, I think.’
    • ‘So they formulated and tested mathematical models.’
    • ‘Many studies present mathematical models that describe evolutionary processes involving bacteria.’
    • ‘Controls could also be placed on emissions levels as estimated by mathematical models of pollution processes.’
    • ‘Mathematical models are used to try to make sense of the data or predict their future values.’
    • ‘Although some purely theoretical work has been done, the key element in this field of research is being able to link mathematical models and data.’
    • ‘His greatest fame, however, is as a result of the mathematical models which he created to assist in his teaching of geometry.’
    • ‘One involves developing the mathematical models to control vast systems of chips with built-in coolers.’
    • ‘Physical scientists find uses for mathematical models, applying them to help understand processes and patterns in the real world.’
    • ‘Today's simulation systems typically use advanced mathematical models to simulate and predict factory floor operations.’
    • ‘Around the same time he began working on a mathematical model of forest management.’
    • ‘The pair had to adjust their probabilistic model to make the calculations more tractable.’
    • ‘You could also create a mathematical model of a dimpled die and compute the odds.’
    • ‘This is the reason why they develop, as a rule, systems of mathematical models and computational problems.’
    • ‘It may seem strange to call the natural number system a model.’
    • ‘To study this process, they use detailed mathematical models that describe how the atoms in the protein interact.’
    • ‘Other work includes simple mathematical models for processes affecting pools.’
    • ‘Our mathematical model for the description of ionic motion in the spine is the Langevin equation.’
    prototype, stereotype, archetype, type, version, style
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  • 4A person employed to display clothes by wearing them.

    ‘Jane was too small to be a model’
    ‘a well-known fashion model’
    • ‘The two restaurants and Dublin were illuminated beautifully to highlight the embroidery and sequin work on the garments displayed by the sinuous models.’
    • ‘In the 1850s, Charles Worth popularized the use of live models to sell clothes when he encouraged his wife to wear his creations and show them off to his clientele.’
    • ‘Until the clothes are on the models and all the hair and make-up is done, you're never going to see the whole picture.’
    • ‘Sales means they need a model to display clothes on how they look.’
    • ‘A packed house was very appreciative of the fashion displayed and all the models got a great reception.’
    • ‘Well done Claire, we may even see you in the future as a model, or a clothes designer!’
    • ‘You just know this third record of his is going to end up playing at fashion shows while expressionless models parade about in ridiculous clothes.’
    • ‘Starting with a series of fashion shows, the first three days will see leading models displaying the exquisite collections.’
    • ‘In this respect, you're paying a model to have clothes put on her and let people stare at her.’
    • ‘There were models and make-up artists and photographic assistants and they were all ignoring me.’
    • ‘Top models will display the students' design collection.’
    • ‘Mostly I do photography because I am not tall enough to be a runway model, so I pose for magazines and calendars.’
    • ‘Pencil thin models wearing strappy clothes peddle youth as the ultimate goal.’
    • ‘The section shows readers how to mirror the look of clothes worn by models in Milan without breaking the bank.’
    • ‘But the retirement age for high fashion models is still around 25, with only a handful of supermodels considered viable into their thirties.’
    • ‘The next round was the fashion show competition in Mumbai where the designs created by the finalists were displayed by the models.’
    • ‘When they were published in magazines, the captions would have named the clothes, not the models; here in the Portrait Gallery the anonymous model becomes the subject.’
    fashion model, supermodel, mannequin
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    1. 4.1A person employed to pose for an artist, photographer, or sculptor.
      ‘an artist's model’
      • ‘A new sketch starts with the artist using live models for composition and fall of cloth, followed by referring to as many photographs as possible to get the detail accurate.’
      • ‘Although most of the academies confined their activities to teaching and to the provision of models for artists to study a few began to offer members and friends a chance to show their recent work in public.’
      • ‘I walk into a room, pick up a piece of charcoal and look at the model posing against a sofa draped in blue.’
      • ‘The model was posed and one of the lights blew so we had to concentrate on shadows - there was no choice.’
      • ‘To further help him, he also hired a photographer to take photographs of the models as they posed - and also other objects he wanted in the picture.’
      • ‘A good model should understand the artist's intention and help to realize the effect the artist wants to achieve.’
      • ‘The character in the story cannot see that his young wife posing as a model is dying as he portrays her on the canvas.’
      • ‘Working with a model, the artist took photos until he was satisfied with the figure's position.’
      • ‘She was an artists' model, she travelled and was unmarried when she had her daughter 30 years ago.’
      • ‘Only last year, a Royal Academy of Arts touring workshop was not allowed to employ nude models to pose for art students.’
      • ‘The artist demands a pose, the model complies; but once the model assumes the pose, the artist must pay attention.’
      • ‘The model's poses, at first glance sexually provocative, are actually those used by wolves.’
      • ‘You may think it's always going to be interesting to look at a naked person, but many people who try to be artist's models are not very good.’
      • ‘Ben wanted to do some cave photography and needed a willing group of models to pose for him.’
      • ‘Artists' models, like fashion photographers' models, are assumed to have been so far transformed as to have no personal claim on the image.’
      • ‘Not only his most famous painting, but also several other works, appeared to be based closely on photographs of models posing in the book, which has been out of print for several years.’
      • ‘A group of artists from Bradford on Avon are holding a spring exhibition and hope to recruit new models to pose for them in the autumn.’
      • ‘Which actor's resume includes stints as a coffin polisher, a milkman and a nude model for artists?’
      • ‘At one time, artists used live models to sketch and paint portraits.’
      • ‘He posed a nude model to fix the exact posture of Salome in the water-colour version of The Apparition in the Louvre.’
      sitter, poser, subject, artist's model, photographic model
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  • 5A particular design or version of a product.

    ‘the company revealed their latest model at the Motor Show’
    • ‘The estate version of these models is likely to cost around £1,000 more.’
    • ‘The company plans to roll out new notebook computer models designed for corporate customers in the first quarter of next year.’
    • ‘Designing a workable model requires not only vision, but also respect for the individual parts that make up the whole.’
    • ‘Compared to the standard version, the SX model as subject here, has two side sliding doors.’
    • ‘Every guarantee card that is given has the model and the design number printed in order to avoid duplication.’
    • ‘The series comprises three models designed to provide high gain and maximum value and reliability in a compact, rugged design.’
    • ‘Further questioning revealed that he had never touched any version or model of the product I was calling about!’
    • ‘A version will ship early next year in Europe alongside a model designed specifically as a wireless data unit.’
    • ‘This often required that multiple product models be designed and manufactured to meet different national standards.’
    • ‘The next workshop will take into account council's views and may include some basic physical design models.’
    • ‘About the size of a clock radio, the first model is designed for a person using a phone, but other models will work in open office space.’
    • ‘Mine has its scope severely limited by the length of cable, being a model designed primarily for videophone use.’
    • ‘Other highlights will include upgraded versions of several models, along with enhanced products from its upscale division.’
    • ‘And, because of the mid-January unveiling of new models and products, it is keenly watched by the boating industry.’
    • ‘But this year the event saw many mainstream manufacturers showing green versions of familiar models for the first time.’
    • ‘Are they available in 12 volt models designed for cars?’
    • ‘Since the entire product line was based on this design, the smaller models were plagued by the same problems.’
    • ‘Lately, many equipment makers have unveiled new models designed for broad dairy product applications.’
    • ‘You'll also find some newer versions of these models which have larger capacity and slight overall performance improvements.’
    • ‘Instead, the new offerings resembled sleeker versions of the utilitarian models pedaled in cities like Amsterdam or Brussels.’
    version, type, design, mark, configuration, variety, kind, sort
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    1. 5.1A garment or a copy of a garment by a well-known designer.
      ‘strikes have dogged the production of the models’
      original, original design, exclusive
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  • 1Fashion or shape (a three-dimensional figure or object) in a malleable material such as clay or wax.

    ‘use the icing to model a house’
    • ‘The figures are modeled as big hand-built pots, like early pre-Columbian figurines.’
    • ‘The figure was modelled in marble in Italy, and by the time it was ready, so was the new three-storey office building.’
    • ‘Another difference is that her pieces are constructed, and mine are literally modeled and then cast.’
    • ‘Kirchner was appointed in 1727 to work on modelling porcelain for the Japanese Palace but proved wayward and was asked to leave.’
    • ‘It is sensitively modeled to portray the aquiline nose and almond-shaped eyes of the king.’
    • ‘In a nutshell: beeswax is modeled over a clay core, covered by an outer layer of clay, banded and dried, with muddy clay washes that fill cracks and cover the bands.’
    • ‘Stay-making also became a separate craft, and separate corsets became a common part of female fashion, variably modelling the torso under the clothing.’
    • ‘Following a trip to Paris in 1909 and exposure to Aristide Maillol's work, she modeled life-sized figures in stone.’
    • ‘He also made thousands of drawings, paintings, modelled clay, was a sculptor, and designed costumes.’
    • ‘Other small-scale terra-cottas are delicately modeled beach and seascapes in the form of small relief plaques.’
    • ‘The sculptures range from earthy red to dark green tones and are modeled in terra cotta from a life form, and then cast in bronze.’
    • ‘A spectacular example is the incense burner in the shape of a beautifully modeled floating crane.’
    • ‘Both figures are modelled with revolting realism but have glass bowls for heads.’
    • ‘Summoned to Paris, Canova began the sculpture in 1802 by modelling Napoleon's likeness; he finished the statue in Rome in 1806.’
    • ‘The four bronze lions at the base of Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square, London, were modeled by Landseer and put into place in 1867.’
    • ‘When he was born, Marc immediately set about measuring his head and then modelling it in clay.’
    • ‘The trapdoors are made of soil, often clay, modeled into shape and reinforced with silk.’
    • ‘The next summer he returned with sketches and immediately went to work again modeling the clay into various shapes and decorating it with imagery similar to that used in his paintings.’
    • ‘One plastinate is modelled on Salvador Dali's 1936/37 painting ‘Burning Giraffe’.’
    • ‘It is modeled on a Meissen figure described as ‘Schneider, welcher auf einem Ziegenbock reitet’ (a tailor who rides on a goat).’
    • ‘The figure was modeled directly after an illustration from volume three of Antonio Francesco Gori's Museum Florentinum, published in Florence in 1734.’
    1. 1.1(in drawing or painting) represent so as to appear three-dimensional.
      ‘the body of the woman to the right is modelled in softer, riper forms’
      • ‘A handsome young man, the cheekbones and almost delicate slope of his nose are modeled with deft passages of brush.’
      • ‘Her face and arms and the background woods are heavily modeled with black.’
      • ‘Schematically shaded at its lower and right sides, the golf ball is illusionistically modeled not in the round but in relief, as is often the case with the apples and oranges of Cezanne.’
      • ‘The faces and hands of the saints are beautifully modeled, expressive, and elegant.’
      • ‘The indolently nude woman in the featured painting was in fact modeled by Ingres's first wife.’
      • ‘Lot and His Daughters betrays the influence of Caravaggio in the heavy chiaroscuro light effects and the deftly modelled figures.’
  • 2Use (a system, procedure, etc.) as an example to follow or imitate.

    ‘the research method will be modelled on previous work’
    • ‘The Opposition might like to recognise that the system it has modelled its approach on - that of England - was dumped last week by the Brits because it is useless.’
    • ‘And they're modeling their action after the freedom riders from the civil rights movement.’
    • ‘She has also taken the unusual step of modelling her image on Mother Theresa.’
    • ‘This would not be a problem if we modelled our city on Bogota's innovative transportation system.’
    • ‘The government should model fiber-optic lines after the highway system, laying free federal lines unconnected to any service.’
    • ‘We modeled these instructions on those used in previous pain studies.’
    • ‘The model draws on previous work looking at, among other things, induced innovation.’
    • ‘In fact, it is modelled on the water-cooling system of a leaf.’
    • ‘I never modelled my style on his, but I did try to take parts of his game and graft them on to mine.’
    • ‘Early teaching methods were modelled on the monastic system or based on trade guilds, with no specific forms of architecture.’
    • ‘From the start, the universities were modeled after metropolitan examples and typically started off as colleges or affiliates of metropolitan institutions.’
    • ‘This is costing them too much and they should model their systems on Scottish farms, which are now being broken down into 3 groups.’
    • ‘The procedures were modeled after the Nobels, with the final selection being made by the international jury with all deliberations and voting in secret.’
    • ‘HIV service delivery systems are modeled on community-based long-term care services designed to meet the needs of the elderly chronically ill.’
    • ‘And there was nothing there that even remotely resembled my current hairstyle, so I modelled the avatar on me five years ago when my hair was short and reddish brown.’
    • ‘The writer modelled her character on an existing female politician.’
    • ‘The scientists were able to follow the surviving Salmonella and model its growth on raw poultry meat, showing how it behaves in a real food environment.’
    • ‘In wargames, theme is everything, as the designer is attempting to model a game on a historical or quasi-historical event, and the rules follow from trying to simulate aspects of that event.’
    • ‘The Socialist Republic of Vietnam came into existence in July 1976 as a communist country modelling its political system after those of the Soviet Union and China.’
    • ‘The singer says he modeled his character on homeless people he observed during a stay in Pittsburgh.’
    1. 2.1Take (someone admired or respected) as an example to follow or imitate.
      ‘he models himself on rock legend Elvis Presley’
      • ‘Rather than modelling themselves on a school or atelier, these seven artists presented themselves as a corporation, a parody of high capitalism, with logos, shares and brochures.’
      • ‘So, you modelled yourself on the cartoon Simba?’
      • ‘We were trying to play the English game, when we should have been modelling ourselves on the French, even on the Welsh.’
      • ‘Dubai, rather short on natural resources, and long a trading hub, is more or less modeling itself on Singapore.’
      • ‘Another similar force for conformity is that organizations more or less model themselves on each other by copying what is considered to be best practice.’
      • ‘In fact, young actors often model themselves on that, thinking that unacceptable behavior is okay.’
      • ‘And, of course, it is freely observable in daily life as we all model ourselves on what we are exposed to.’
      • ‘I grew up looking at pictures of him and modelling myself on him.’
      • ‘Of all the obnoxious media-unfriendly celebrities in the world, who do model yourself on?’
      • ‘Perhaps the strangest byway is the vanished London subculture of the ‘mollies’, or gay men who modelled themselves on women and went as far as to stage mock childbirths.’
      • ‘Looks are crucial in this elegant city, whose inhabitants have always modelled themselves on Europeans.’
      • ‘They cannot afford to mock the bands they model themselves on but a bit of tongue-in-cheek humour doesn't go amiss either.’
      • ‘She is not someone whom the nation's females can model themselves on.’
      • ‘He is immensely ambitious, unashamedly modelling himself on Julius Caesar.’
      • ‘Mass opposition to a war against a dictator who models himself on Stalin is being led by a man who is nostalgic for Stalin.’
      • ‘‘We have modelled ourselves on a construction company,’ he said.’
      • ‘So we can't tell how much she had read; how far she was an original, and how far she was conscious of modelling herself on earlier saints.’
      • ‘She models herself on Margaret Thatcher and Indira Gandhi.’
      • ‘She modeled herself on, of all things, another Dame.’
      imitate, copy, reproduce, mimic, mirror, echo, follow, model oneself on, take as a model, take as an example
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    2. 2.2Devise a representation, especially a mathematical one, of (a phenomenon or system)
      ‘a computer program that can model the behaviour of smoke’
      • ‘However, the complexity of biological systems and the differences in experimental starting points make it difficult to establish a standard formula for modeling a given system.’
      • ‘Note that modeling mutation this way does not assume that it is equally likely to have a mutation arise that is beneficial overall vs. one that is deleterious.’
      • ‘This conclusion is based in part on an analysis of mathematical logic, model theory in particular.’
      • ‘This approach has proven successful for modeling cellular metabolism.’
      • ‘In both cases, a coefficient of variation was modeled for each plot by assigning the mean height and rooting depth (per species) for all 14 plants in each plot.’
      • ‘To date, it has mainly focused on modeling physical systems and reasoning about them.’
      • ‘Aspects of biological systems are usefully modeled by manageably small digital programs.’
      • ‘All have sought ways to construct complex three-dimensional building forms devised with the liberating influence of new computer modeling systems.’
      • ‘For those unsure if their home is in a flood area, most insurance companies now have modelling systems that will be able to tell - down to postcode level - which properties are at risk.’
      • ‘The string models the mathematical concept of a knot.’
      • ‘Population dynamics models the evolution of populations.’
      • ‘Roughly speaking, these machines modeled a physical system by mechanical or electrical means.’
      • ‘I will summarize the most general ‘systems wisdoms’ I have absorbed from modeling complex systems and hanging out with modelers.’
      • ‘To do this we will use Brownian motion to model the evolution of Player A's chance of winning.’
      • ‘The way in which mutations are modeled is extremely important in determining the steady-state distribution of phenotypes.’
      • ‘The thermal systems were extensively modelled prior to construction, and, like the shower towers, they are unprecedented in that they are able to be fine tuned post construction.’
      • ‘Moreover, the manner in which each single phenomenon was modelled can be discussed.’
      • ‘Here, I supplement that approximation by a two time scale analysis allowing for modeling a system including slow buffers.’
      • ‘We modelled a logistic regression for the entire sample that included age, sex, physical illness, and a sex-physical illness interaction term.’
      • ‘In anomaly detection, the normal behavior of the system is modeled.’
  • 3Display (clothes) by wearing them.

    ‘the clothes were modelled by celebrities’
    • ‘Jakey modeled his clothes in front of the mirror for me and turned to smile.’
    • ‘Of course, it's not every day that Rachel is going to be getting a job modelling underwear.’
    • ‘She found a nice red T-shirt and turned to see Jessica grinning and modeling her clothes behind her.’
    • ‘Having modelled five coats for the campaign, she can apparently keep them all.’
    • ‘Earlier, judges narrowed the field of 81 to 15, then 10, as hopefuls modelled evening gowns and swimsuits.’
    • ‘What concerns me most is that they appear to have gotten homeless people to model these outfits.’
    • ‘Teenage girls should be modeling teenage clothes in a appropriate environment, they should not be exploited.’
    • ‘The clothes will be modelled by students, members of the community and sporting personalities.’
    • ‘His friends are green with envy after Paul got the chance to see Catherine modelling the dress.’
    • ‘One would think that Asian models would be more suited to model clothes with the Oriental flair.’
    • ‘A woman modelling the shoes said, ‘Actually, they are extremely comfortable.’’
    • ‘Students and staff will be modelling clothes from more than nine different high street stores at the show.’
    • ‘The winner will go on to an international contest in Shanghai, and will also be modeling clothes in Paris.’
    • ‘During the second half of the evening casual and funky clothes were modelled as the girls gave everyone ideas for a Saturday night out with a difference.’
    • ‘I just sulked in one of the chairs and watched my best friends model clothes.’
    • ‘I had some cake with them and admired Kait when she modeled her bathing suit for us.’
    • ‘She modeled clothes for some big company based in Montreal.’
    • ‘So, if you did see women in Korea modelling underwear, in catalogues or on posters in department stores, it would always be western women, or Russians.’
    • ‘So now she was modeling her new clothes for mother in the living room.’
    • ‘Have a parade with the guests modeling their new hats.’
    1. 3.1[no object]Work as a model by displaying clothes or posing for an artist or sculptor.
      ‘he's been modelling for just two weeks’
      • ‘She didn't feel like modeling any more so she pulled the new clothes off and pulled her jeans and T-shirt back on.’
      • ‘Then someone suggested that I should start modelling.’
      • ‘Rising to her feet she struck a pose; playfully modeling for him.’
      • ‘The sculptor may have modeled a terra-cotta bust of Anne-Marie.’
      • ‘Although she has done some swimsuit modelling, she has never posed nude, nor does she have any intention of doing so.’
      • ‘But my grandmother did not allow her to go into modelling.’
      • ‘Aidan struck a pose, trying to look like he was modeling.’
      • ‘I've modeled for several male photographers who showed me the poses they wanted by doing it themselves, and most of the time, they looked about this silly.’
      • ‘In her 20s, she dabbled in modelling, photography and clothes design, occasionally shooting videos for America's alternative rock royalty.’
      • ‘She doesn't blame modelling for her past sorrows, although working in an industry where physical perfection is paramount can't be the best environment for a girl with a need to be accepted.’
      • ‘Others of us modeled without clothes on for Life Drawing classes.’
      • ‘From modelling to cinema she never planned anything.’
      • ‘I have known her since I was 17 and started modelling.’
      • ‘Woods has said his girlfriend had done swimsuit modelling, but never posed nude.’
      • ‘I also model - I'm 29 and have been modelling since I was 15.’
      • ‘Sameera would leave modelling to her sisters and declares: ‘I'm in love with the moving camera.’’
      • ‘She said: ‘I have never thought about modelling - and I don't think I would, although it would be nice to do for a while.’’
      • ‘Back in Scotland, she modelled for ten years and worked as a make-up artist before making the break into media.’
      • ‘Together, the paintings demonstrated to an international audience the range of the artist's talent and his debt to the family who modeled for him.’
      • ‘When she modeled in her early twenties, ‘upside-down poses, handstands and things like that were really easy, and I could hold them a long time.’’
      • ‘Saying it was a thoroughly enjoyable experience for her, she went on to answer the quizmaster's questions about modelling.’
      be a model, model, sit, take up a position, assume an attitude, strike a pose
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Late 16th century (denoting a set of plans of a building): from French modelle, from Italian modello, from an alteration of Latin modulus (see modulus).