One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur. It has a double membrane, the inner part being folded inwards to form layers (cristae).
- ‘In one of the earliest steps in the evolution of eukaryotic cells, the mitochondrion was derived from an endosymbiosed bacterium.’
- ‘Inside the cytoplasm are mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum.’
- ‘The results suggest a shared thiamine transporter for mitochondria and the plasma membrane.’
- ‘The singlet oxygen damages cell membranes, mitochondria and cell nuclei.’
- ‘Chloroplasts are cell organelles comparable to the mitochondria of animal cells.’
Early 20th century: modern Latin, from Greek mitos ‘thread’ + khondrion (diminutive of khondros ‘granule’).
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