Definition of mineral in English:

mineral

noun

  • 1A solid, naturally occurring inorganic substance:

    ‘it identifies the mineral or compound present’
    • ‘Like all plant materials, tobacco contains minerals and other inorganic constituents.’
    • ‘It occurs in all kinds of minerals, such as oxides, carbonates, nitrates, sulfates, and phosphates.’
    • ‘Loss on ignition values up to 5% correspond to the abundance of hydrous and carbonate alteration minerals in the samples.’
    • ‘As for the rest of the moon, the data shows frozen carbon dioxide, water ice, hydrocarbons and iron minerals all present on the surface.’
    • ‘A common mineral can remove carbon dioxide from combustion gases, but in its natural state, it is glacially slow.’
    • ‘The most common of these are iron sulfides, but all heavy metals can occur as sulfide minerals.’
    • ‘The ocean surrounding Australia is home to several species of sea urchins, which form elaborate exoskeletons made from carbonate minerals.’
    • ‘A second element, tantalum, is always present in these minerals along with niobium.’
    • ‘The silica and other minerals in the clay vitrify under heat and will not become soft clay again.’
    • ‘And the black smoker chimneys here, unlike most others in the world, are not built of sulfide minerals but of barium sulfate, aka barite.’
    • ‘Inorganic compounds, which include water and many minerals, usually contain elements other than carbon.’
    • ‘The term asbestos is used for several hydrated silicate minerals that occur in fibrous forms.’
    • ‘These groups are the silicate minerals, carbonate minerals, oxides, sulfides, and halides.’
    • ‘The solids used include natural clays and minerals, metal oxides and sulfides, metal salts, and mixed metal oxides.’
    • ‘A number of other minerals, including silica, may play a role, but some of the most spectacular fossils are preserved in pyrite.’
    • ‘Many of the particles contain iron- and nickel-rich oxide and sulfide minerals, as well as small grains of silicates, says Basu.’
    • ‘Sulfates are a combination of sulfur and oxygen and are a part of naturally occurring minerals in some soil and rock formations that contain groundwater.’
    • ‘These are all derived from carbon compounds rather than from inorganic minerals.’
    • ‘A quantitative description of the substitution chemistry of minerals and salts, requires a more precise definition of the term solubility.’
    • ‘Kidney stones are formed when the concentration of minerals and substances like calcium oxalate, phosphate, oxalic acid and uric acid are too high in the urine.’
    1. 1.1 A substance obtained by mining:
      ‘the economy has long been dependent on exports of minerals, especially gold’
      • ‘It is a gangue mineral in ores from the Star, Hobo, and Princess mines at Central, Grant County.’
      • ‘The country is also blessed with plenty of precious minerals such as diamonds, gold, emeralds, amethyst which are all waiting to be exploited.’
      • ‘Most of the mining for minerals has ceased and the Golden Bay Cement Company at Tarakohe on the east side of Golden Bay closed in 1988.’
      • ‘When they crossed the Great Divide it was to exploit the grasslands of the interior for pasture and, later, to extract the minerals, especially gold, which lay mainly in its foothills.’
      • ‘He made an agreement allowing the company to earn up to 35 percent compensation for the export of minerals that did not exist.’
      • ‘We are concerned with the overall environment that exists in New Zealand in relation to the mining of Crown minerals.’
      • ‘The rampant illegal mining and smuggling of minerals out of the country was due to lack of relevant education and sensitisation to the local entrepreneurs.’
      • ‘There are also possibilities of collaboration in mining of minerals, setting up of auto and tractor assembly plants and wildlife parks.’
      • ‘From the mining industry they borrowed a method of extracting minerals from rock and applied it to separating different grades of plastics.’
      • ‘In Dublin last night was Arthur Knox, chairman of the Durban Insizwa Mining Company with sole rights to the mining of the mineral in South Africa.’
      • ‘Would that lead to greater exports of strategic minerals or oil?’
      • ‘Three blue-chip companies have also taken a gamble and invested in a total of over eight million acres in the hope of mining platinum and other minerals at some future date.’
      • ‘The mining revolution was even more visible, as rich deposits of gold and other minerals, such as diamonds, copper, and tin, were found, often dramatically, on distant frontiers.’
      • ‘Traditional types of employment are farming, mining coal and other minerals, and industrial jobs.’
      • ‘There are none who hold interests in the gold and the only ones who might hold interests in the other sub-surface minerals are people who obtained grants prior to 1899.’
      • ‘Other products and services include light manufacturing, food processing, textiles, and mining of nonmetallic minerals.’
      • ‘A third option is mining; there are many areas in space where you can obtain minerals, scrap and precious metals, even diamonds.’
      • ‘In mine development most gangue minerals end up on the waste pile.’
      • ‘It was imperative for minerals to be reliably exported and mining and transport machinery brought safely in, as well as food and goods for a burgeoning gold rush population.’
      • ‘He said investing in down stream processing of gemstones and other minerals would enhance exports and create employment.’
    2. 1.2 An inorganic substance needed by the human body for good health:
      ‘a wide range of necessary vitamins and minerals’
      • ‘Conference pears are a great source of minerals, and contain iodine, useful for thyroid function.’
      • ‘There are Omega 3s galore, fish for brain food, selenium and lesser known minerals to startle a recumbent form into activity.’
      • ‘Eat foods that provide all the requirements of nutrients, everyday vitamins, proteins, minerals, carbohydrates and fats.’
      • ‘Nutrients are vitamins and minerals that regulate the body's chemical processes and functions and help to keep you fit and healthy.’
      • ‘Green, leafy vegetables are especially high in minerals and fiber, so should be eaten often.’
      • ‘I have heard it said that balsamic vinegar contains potentially beneficial minerals such as calcium, magnesium and potassium.’
      • ‘It seems good food to me, with protein, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins in bread, meat, onion and lettuce, tomatoes, olives, mushrooms and milk.’
      • ‘While the cookie is rich in proteins, carbohydrates, minerals and essential vitamins they have been priced at Rs.35 for a 250 gm pack.’
      • ‘On the whole, consumers in continental Europe like mineral water because of what's in it - the health-giving qualities of the minerals.’
      • ‘When carefully produced, molasses retain most of the sugar cane's nutritional elements: minerals, iron, magnesium and calcium.’
      • ‘What is important is to ensure that you get the protein, vitamins and minerals necessary to build another human being.’
      • ‘A more likely source of minerals other than drinking water is provided by the food we eat, in which plants and animals have already accumulated what is necessary.’
      • ‘It also provides digestive enzymes, minerals, vitamins and hormones that all infants require.’
      • ‘Bodybuilders who eat refined-carbohydrate low-calorie diets may need extra minerals, especially zinc.’
      • ‘It's packed with antibodies, growth hormones, vitamins, minerals, enzymes and amino acids - and clearly far too good to leave to newborn babies.’
      • ‘The amount of potassium lost in sweat is not especially high, and this mineral is easily obtained in your diet from fruits and vegetables, and dairy products.’
      • ‘Plus, your humble cup of tea is also high in some vital minerals.’
      • ‘There are plenty of essential foods and minerals that help alleviate the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder says Dr John Briffa’
      • ‘Sesame seeds are rich in disease-protective antioxidant substances and also contain health-giving minerals including magnesium and potassium.’
      • ‘Lack of minerals can cause deficiency diseases.’
  • 2British mineralsFizzy soft drinks.

    • ‘He said if prices on soft drinks and minerals were high, a lot of it was to do with Government VAT which was the same for both soft drinks and alcoholic beverages.’
    • ‘Afterwards tea and minerals were on hand at the Heritage Centre for the workers.’
    • ‘Without advising her of the video evidence, a security officer pressed the worker on whether she had drank any minerals in the storeroom.’
    • ‘There were also minerals and crisps, tea, sandwiches and buns, prepared by the parents.’
    • ‘Hot drinks, minerals, toasted sandwiches, snacks and confectionery are all available in the shop area at Mavericks.’
    • ‘‘We weren't allowed to serve alcohol so it was all minerals and tea,’ says Brendan.’
    • ‘It consisted of an excellent party with the most scrumptious food, fruit and minerals, tea and all sorts of goodies served.’
    • ‘It enticed customers with finger food, beer, wine and minerals until 8pm last week at its offices on Temple Road in Blackrock.’
    • ‘Mr Appel said Zambia was having problems accessing foreign markets because of so many trade barriers including falling prices of commodities like coffee and minerals.’
    • ‘There is very little wastage on bottled beers, spirits and minerals.’

adjective

  • Of or denoting a mineral:

    ‘mineral ingredients such as zinc oxide’
    • ‘It has drawn up a program of economic reconstruction of the region to be driven by the development of rich energy and mineral resources and the building of a rail transport corridor from Eastern Asia to Europe.’
    • ‘Congolese are quick to point out that despite those two invasions, Rwandan forces never succeeded in disarming the rebels and insist that Rwanda is only after Congo's mineral wealth.’
    • ‘Bathing in the Dead Sea, which has a beneficial high mineral content, is one exotic alternative.’
    • ‘Another point Bailey makes is that the world isn't running out of ‘non-renewable’ fuels or mineral resources.’
    • ‘A report from Zimbabwe's Chamber of Mines says the country's foreign currency shortages will continue due to decreasing mineral production.’
    • ‘And so, again, you have buyers of this mineral wealth.’
    • ‘On Oct.22, 1984, Greenpeace activists first used the ship to protest oil and mineral exploitation in the Antarctica.’
    • ‘It has not worked; mineral exploration activity has dropped by 82% since 1990.’
    • ‘Government officials estimate companies are currently spending more than $75 million on mineral exploration in Nunavut.’
    • ‘The sites have been found thanks to the Falcon gravity survey conducted earlier this year-the first time gravity technology has been used to find mineral deposits in the Broken Hill area.’
    • ‘2003 has been a good year for base metal values, welcome news for Australia's mineral producers after three years of weak demand and soft prices.’
    • ‘This is bathing as entertainment; the bathing area is lavishly decorated and contains numerous pools featuring water of various temperatures and mineral content.’
    • ‘He was accused in a report of plundering the Democratic Republic of the Congo's mineral resources, while the Ugandan army was involved in the five-year Congolese war.’
    • ‘Within the next 10-15 years mineral extractions, agriculture as we know it and associated business support services will be almost irrelevant.’
    • ‘The country's lack of mineral resources, weak colonial institutions and early cultivation of coffee allowed stable democratic foundations to form.’
    • ‘It has 22 mineral springs with a total exploitation flow of about 2800 litres a minute and a temperature of 37-52°C.’
    • ‘While the three of them were in Mexico, Young attempted to sell used rolling stock there, while Murchison attempted to buy mineral rights to offshore properties.’
    • ‘Today's products use ingredients such as soybean oil and colloidal mineral complexes that help to keep the creatine stable for up to 12 months.’
    • ‘I used to be a mining engineer, and, to be more precise, would produce maps that estimate where mineral deposits would intersect the surface.’
    • ‘It delineates formulas for medicines and identifies the plant, animal, and mineral ingredients needed to concoct them.’
    lifeless, insentient, insensate, without life, inert, motionless
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from medieval Latin minerale, neuter (used as a noun) of mineralis, from minera ore.

Pronunciation:

mineral

/ˈmɪn(ə)r(ə)l/