Definition of Minamata disease in English:

Minamata disease


mass noun
  • Chronic poisoning by alkyl mercury compounds from industrial waste, characterized by (usually permanent) impairment of brain functions such as speech, sight, and muscular coordination.

    • ‘Toxicity via the food chain has been observed with organic mercury, as in Minamata disease.’
    • ‘Thus in many ways Japan has become the canary in the coal mine for the developed world, as witness Minamata disease.’
    • ‘The author compares the first two of the three responses to the Minamata disease.’
    • ‘In chapter 9, fetal Minamata disease is examined, and the effects of intrauterine methyl mercury are described.’


1950s: named after Minamata, a town in Japan.


Minamata disease