Definition of Midrash in English:



  • An ancient commentary on part of the Hebrew scriptures, attached to the biblical text. The earliest Midrashim come from the 2nd century AD, although much of their content is older.

    • ‘This may explain the Midrash that says Yaakov was reciting Shema when he met Yosef.’
    • ‘The Midrash describes for us the origin of God's blueprint for the world as follows.’
    • ‘However, Rashi, quoting the Midrash, says that it refers to the day after Yom Kippur.’
    • ‘A number of Midrashim comment on the word ‘Karcha.’’
    • ‘A parallel text in the Midrash is more explicit in relating the cherubs to paganism.’
    • ‘There are various Midrashim that have the Hebrew letters vigorously competing for attention by calling out to God.’
    • ‘Perhaps this is why Rashi chooses to bring the comment of the Midrash as he explains why Moshe took the flock deep into the wilderness.’
    • ‘The Midrashim, however, go to great lengths to describe Serach as someone who was given extreme longevity for having done a single virtuous deed as a child.’
    • ‘Although the Midrash does not openly state it, it is asking the same question as the Talmud did above.’
    • ‘The Midrash then says that Hashem disapproves when Tzaddikim rest in this world.’
    • ‘The Midrash gives the well-known answer that the Jewish Nation is compared to the moon.’
    • ‘It also includes the words of the Talmud and the many Midrashim, all of which speak about the End of Days.’
    • ‘The Midrash describes the first Tu B'Av ever celebrated.’
    • ‘Strictly speaking, the Torah refers to the first five books of the Bible (Five Books of Moses), but it can also mean the entire Bible or all of Jewish law, including the Talmud and the Midrash.’
    • ‘The Midrash relates that a Roman aristocrat asked Rabbi Yochanan ben Zakkai to explain the strange laws involving the Parah Adumah to him.’
    • ‘The Midrash says that the Third Temple has already been constructed in heaven, and merely awaits our preparations here on earth.’
    • ‘The Midrashim give several different approaches.’
    • ‘One Midrash states that we can learn an interesting lesson from pigs.’
    • ‘In a Midrash, the ancient rabbis asked why Eve was created from Adam's side.’
    • ‘The answer leads us full circle to our most fascinating subject - snow, as described in the Midrash.’


From Hebrew miḏrāš ‘commentary’, from dāraš ‘expound’.