Definition of microsatellite in English:

microsatellite

noun

Genetics
  • A set of short repeated DNA sequences at a particular locus on a chromosome, which vary in number in different individuals and so can be used for genetic fingerprinting.

    • ‘The heteromorphic microsatellite within the Tk1 gene was amplified.’
    • ‘Thereafter, the DNA sequence of some microsatellites was determined to resolve the following ambiguities.’
    • ‘In total, variability at 205 microsatellites was studied on the third and the X chromosome.’
    • ‘There are also two dinucleotide microsatellites and one mononucleotide microsatellite, all in the first intron.’
    • ‘Defects in mismatch repair genes lead to variations in the length of microsatellites, known as microsatellite instability.’

Pronunciation:

microsatellite

/ˈmʌɪkrə(ʊ)ˌsatəlʌɪt/