Definition of microfilament in English:

microfilament

noun

Biology
  • A small rod-like structure, about 4–7 nanometres in diameter, present in numbers in the cytoplasm of many eukaryotic cells.

    • ‘In poliovirus infection, both intracellular movement and release of virus appear to be related to cytoskeletal changes, particularly involving actin microfilaments.’
    • ‘In particular, we have focused our attention on microtubules, actin microfilaments and intermediate filaments of keratin.’
    • ‘If microfilaments antagonize microtubules, this uneven distribution of microfilaments should affect microtubule morphology.’
    • ‘Some cells possessed abundant, randomly arranged thin microfilaments in their cytoplasm.’
    • ‘Actin is the major constituent protein of microfilaments in eukaryotic cells.’

Pronunciation:

microfilament

/ˈmʌɪkrə(ʊ)ˌfɪləm(ə)nt/