Definition of microbiome in English:

microbiome

noun

  • 1The microorganisms in a particular environment (including the body or a part of the body)

    ‘we depend on a vast army of microbes to stay alive: a microbiome that protects us against germs, breaks down food to release energy, and produces vitamins’
    • ‘In our guts lives something called a 'microbiome', which is made up of approximately 100 trillion bacteria collectively containing maybe a hundred times as much genetic information as their host.’
    • ‘Scientists have long known that the human body coexists with trillions of individual germs, what they call the microbiome.’
    • ‘Our 'microbiomes' help us digest food and fight disease, all the while evolving fast and flexibly in service of their own interests.’
    1. 1.1The combined genetic material of the microorganisms in a particular environment.
      ‘understanding the microbiome—human, animal, and environmental—is as important as the human genome’
      • ‘He explains the roles of the genomes of trillions of microbes in and on our bodies (the microbiome).’
      • ‘It is important to think of our bodies as a summation of the metabolic capabilities provided by our own genome and the microbiome.’
      • ‘The groundwork for analysing the human microbiome—sequencing the collective genome of all our resident microorganisms—is now done.’

Origin

1950s: from micro- and biome.

Pronunciation:

microbiome

/mʌɪkrə(ʊ)ˈbʌɪəʊm/