Definition of microbe in English:

microbe

noun

  • A microorganism, especially a bacterium causing disease or fermentation.

    • ‘Pasteur was convinced that microbes caused diseases in humans but his work on cholera had failed.’
    • ‘Bacteria and microbes in the soil and in the waste itself do a spectacular job of breaking down the waste.’
    • ‘A virus is a parasite, which needs a host cell to live in, and a microbe is a bacterium, which is a living cell in its own right.’
    • ‘Clearly the disease microbes brought over by the Europeans had already done a lot of their work.’
    • ‘You have to have the microbe, the bacteria get into you somehow, either through the skin, through the stomach or breathe it in through the air.’
    • ‘Initially identified with herpes, the microbe is now thought to cause various malignant tumors as well as a form of lymphoma.’
    • ‘The approach starts with a weakened version of a microbe called an adenovirus.’
    • ‘I tried to explain about microbes, viruses, but my heart wasn't really in it.’
    • ‘The T-cell system develops early in life and the only way it can develop is to be exposed to bacteria and other microbes.’
    • ‘These resistant microbes may include bacteria that were present from the start.’
    • ‘Then there was the popular microbe theory, wherein a living microbe or bacillus caused baldness.’
    • ‘When a worm dines on one of these microbial strains, the microbe's RNA is freed to turn off the corresponding worm gene.’
    • ‘In this sense, Pasteur believed that microbes could spread diseases among humans.’
    • ‘Once the bacterium is within the macrophage, the macrophage's bactericidal mechanisms destroy the microbe.’
    • ‘E. coli is similar in size to the Legionnella pneumophila bacterium and so acted as a model microbe for their proof of principle experiments.’
    • ‘Theirs was the first report showing that a host nutritional deficiency could turn a harmless microbe into a pathogen.’
    • ‘This method uses gene-altered microbes to rid the mouth of the bacteria that cause cavities.’
    • ‘The microbe is unusual in that most other bacteria in the same family are harmless to humans.’
    • ‘Complex sugars coat almost every cell in the body, as well as microbes that cause disease.’
    • ‘They will tend to wipe out the entire population, which, unfortunately from the point of the microbe causing the disease, wipes the microbe out as well.’
    microorganism, bacillus, bacterium, virus, germ
    View synonyms

Origin

Late 19th century: from French, from Greek mikros ‘small’ + bios ‘life’.

Pronunciation

microbe

/ˈmʌɪkrəʊb/