Definition of microbe in English:

microbe

noun

  • A microorganism, especially a bacterium causing disease or fermentation.

    • ‘Initially identified with herpes, the microbe is now thought to cause various malignant tumors as well as a form of lymphoma.’
    • ‘These resistant microbes may include bacteria that were present from the start.’
    • ‘The T-cell system develops early in life and the only way it can develop is to be exposed to bacteria and other microbes.’
    • ‘Complex sugars coat almost every cell in the body, as well as microbes that cause disease.’
    • ‘When a worm dines on one of these microbial strains, the microbe's RNA is freed to turn off the corresponding worm gene.’
    • ‘I tried to explain about microbes, viruses, but my heart wasn't really in it.’
    • ‘Pasteur was convinced that microbes caused diseases in humans but his work on cholera had failed.’
    • ‘Clearly the disease microbes brought over by the Europeans had already done a lot of their work.’
    • ‘In this sense, Pasteur believed that microbes could spread diseases among humans.’
    • ‘A virus is a parasite, which needs a host cell to live in, and a microbe is a bacterium, which is a living cell in its own right.’
    • ‘The approach starts with a weakened version of a microbe called an adenovirus.’
    • ‘They will tend to wipe out the entire population, which, unfortunately from the point of the microbe causing the disease, wipes the microbe out as well.’
    • ‘E. coli is similar in size to the Legionnella pneumophila bacterium and so acted as a model microbe for their proof of principle experiments.’
    • ‘Then there was the popular microbe theory, wherein a living microbe or bacillus caused baldness.’
    • ‘The microbe is unusual in that most other bacteria in the same family are harmless to humans.’
    • ‘You have to have the microbe, the bacteria get into you somehow, either through the skin, through the stomach or breathe it in through the air.’
    • ‘Theirs was the first report showing that a host nutritional deficiency could turn a harmless microbe into a pathogen.’
    • ‘This method uses gene-altered microbes to rid the mouth of the bacteria that cause cavities.’
    • ‘Bacteria and microbes in the soil and in the waste itself do a spectacular job of breaking down the waste.’
    • ‘Once the bacterium is within the macrophage, the macrophage's bactericidal mechanisms destroy the microbe.’
    microorganism, bacillus, bacterium, virus, germ
    bug
    View synonyms

Origin

Late 19th century: from French, from Greek mikros small + bios life.

Pronunciation:

microbe

/ˈmʌɪkrəʊb/