Definition of metabolize in English:

metabolize

(also metabolise)

verb

[with object]
  • 1(of the body or an organ) process (a substance) by metabolism.

    ‘protease inhibitors interfere with the body's capacity to metabolize fat’
    ‘to provide this energy, stores of blood sugar and fats are metabolized’
    • ‘These alkaloids are produced when our bodies metabolise beer, wine or spirits, and have been found in chocolate at concentrations of as high as 7 micrograms per gram.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, as the liver metabolises alcohol it produces acetaldehyde, a vinegar-like substance which has a toxic effects on the liver itself, the brain and the stomach lining, causing severe headaches.’
    • ‘The rate at which their livers metabolize a drug and at which their kidneys eliminate it are different.’
    • ‘Because of my metabolic problems, my body doesn't metabolize the food correctly.’
    • ‘How long it takes for the body to metabolize each drink?’
    • ‘He says doctors have told him his body metabolises oxygen at an unusually high rate.’
    • ‘Water suppresses the appetite and helps the body metabolize stored fat.’
    • ‘Besides beneficial fiber, foods rich in complex carbs contain vitamins and minerals, which help your body digest, absorb, and metabolize protein, fat, and carbohydrates.’
    • ‘When the body metabolizes glucose, energy to fuel essential body functions is produced.’
    • ‘While sleep deprivation can have varying effects on your health, it can definitely hamper the way your body metabolizes certain foods and your preparation for athletic performance.’
    • ‘The rate at which the liver metabolizes these herbs and drugs determines the length of time these herbs or drugs stay active in the body.’
    • ‘If we swim hard or work under water, we breathe more, because our bodies metabolise food and oxygen to produce energy.’
    • ‘Researchers looking for the potential biochemical basis for this link have focused on acetaldehyde, a suspected carcinogen formed as the body metabolizes alcohol.’
    • ‘If you follow this meal pattern, your digestion is generally never taxed beyond its capacity, and your body efficiently metabolizes the food you eat.’
    • ‘These proteins determine, among other things, how the organism looks, how well its body metabolizes food or fights infection and sometimes even how it behaves.’
    • ‘Type 2 diabetes is a chronic medical condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose).’
    • ‘If protein is provided continually, the extra protein and amino acids are metabolized by the body, requiring more energy.’
    • ‘Two scientists at Vrije University in Amsterdam said components in coffee seem to help the body metabolize sugar, thereby reducing the risk of diabetes, which affects 130 million people worldwide.’
    • ‘Keep fit - fitter bodies metabolise alcohol more easily.’
    • ‘Ceasing caffeine consumption five to six hours prior to sleeping, thus allowing more time for the body to metabolize the caffeine, will lessen these side-effects.’
    1. 1.1no object (of a substance) undergo processing by metabolism.
      ‘the refined foods soon metabolize’
      • ‘These results suggest that there are differences in the way that thimerosal and methyl mercury are distributed, metabolized, and excreted.’
      • ‘The liver is the place where most drugs metabolise.’
      • ‘Most medications are biotransformed or metabolized before they are excreted.’
      • ‘Medications are biotransformed, or metabolized, before they can be eliminated from the body.’
      • ‘But the fat's unnatural shape doesn't fit into receptors in our enzymes and membrane structures; so they aren't efficiently metabolized.’
      • ‘Damage caused when oxygen metabolizes can lead to a variety of problems in your body, from cancer the effects of aging.’
      • ‘They do not metabolize or they metabolize very slowly; they accumulate from dietary sources over time.’
      • ‘Also, there is no requirement that a ‘drug’ must depend on chemical action or on being metabolized.’
      • ‘Topiramate is weakly bound to proteins and not extensively metabolized.’
      • ‘They can produce lactate, which neurons can metabolize.’
      • ‘The late sampling time is to detect compounds which require time to be absorbed, distributed and metabolized.’
      • ‘Each drug alone has its own potential for side effects, especially in the elderly and the chronically ill who don't metabolize well.’
      • ‘Even if intrathecal ketamine is quickly absorbed and metabolized, the 5 min interval before the formalin injection was chosen to obtain the peak effect of analgesia during phase 1.’
      • ‘PCBs are readily absorbed into the body but are only slowly metabolized and excreted.’
      • ‘Oral L-arginine, however, is absorbed and metabolized quickly; the half-life of L-arginine in human circulating plasma is less than one hour.’
      • ‘Maprotiline is almost completely metabolized and about 60% of these metabolites appear in the urine.’
      • ‘The less you eat, the less you metabolize, the fewer reactive oxygen species you generate, and the less damage you do to your cellular machinery.’
      • ‘It is a proprietary formulation that binds natural grain dextrins to fruit juice so it metabolizes steadily.;’
      • ‘Whenever a bacillus starts to metabolize, it is killed by any drug that is active; priority between drugs is then determined by the speed with which bactericidal activity starts.’
      • ‘Arachidonic acid is an omega - 6 fatty acid contained in animal products that, when metabolized, produces potent inflammatory leukotrienes.’

Pronunciation

metabolize

/mɪˈtabəlʌɪz/