Definition of mesquite in English:


Pronunciation /ˈmɛskiːt//mɛˈskiːt/


  • A spiny tree or shrub of the pea family, native to arid regions of south-western US and Mexico. It yields timber, tanbark, medicinal products, and edible pods.

    Genus "Prosopis", family "Leguminosae": several species

    • ‘In summer months they eat cacti, sagebrush, mesquite, alfalfa, clover, other grasses, and herbaceous vegetation.’
    • ‘Organ Pipe is quintessential Sonoran Desert terrain, a landscape of cactus and creosote bush interspersed with jagged mountains and laced with thickets of mesquite, ironwood, and palo verde trees.’
    • ‘Plants that grow along the stream banks include alder, Fremont cottonwood, sycamore, honey mesquite, and Goodding willow.’
    • ‘Covered with scrub, native mesquite trees and low wild grasses, the desert site slopes gently down to the south.’
    • ‘We are rich with saguaros, prickly pear, and cholla cacti, and palo verde, and mesquite trees.’
    • ‘Juniper trees are common throughout the canyon as well as mesquite, cottonwood, salt cedar, willow, western soapberry and hackberry.’
    • ‘This kind of symbiosis, incidentally, is also found in leguminous or pod forming plants - including peas and beans, wisteria vines, acacia, mesquite, and coral trees.’
    • ‘It seemed to be an expanse of crispy brown grass, scattered with a few mesquite trees.’
    • ‘Extending into The Gila the Chihuahuan and Sonoran deserts offer the desert element complete with yucca, mesquite, cactus, lizards, snakes, scorpions and the venomous Gila Monster.’
    • ‘And the smell of the Mojave after a drenching rain is an unforgettable pleasure, a scent flush with the pungent odor of creosote bush, mesquite, and sand verbena.’
    • ‘Morrish has a crisp, clean architectural style that can make mesquite trees and shrubs look majestic simply by scattering some gleaming white bunkers around them.’
    • ‘Each and every time he parked and disappeared into the dense mesquites with bow and arrow, however, one of them would move the pickup.’
    • ‘The mesquite, teriyaki, or herb sauces come in a bag big enough to let you marinate as much as three pounds of meat.’
    • ‘A hint of seasonal cool is in the dawn, and the round sunsets over the mesquites are the essence of serious dove hunting in Texas.’
    • ‘Many species of ‘plains game’ and dangerous game in Africa are hunted amid thick cover similar to the mesquite brush and scrub oak common across Texas.’
    • ‘I have no idea what if anything was ever done with the structure or if it's still sitting there on the corner under the mesquite trees.’
    • ‘A canopy of hickory, oak and mesquite shrouded the barn and the muddy red clay, pinpointing where the pork, chicken and beef were becoming prize-winning barbecue.’
    • ‘At the end of the job, I bought a twelve-pack of Tecate and some limes and we sat together, one last time, under a mesquite tree drinking beer and waiting for the relative cool of the evening.’
    • ‘In reality there's nothing in that space but a view of a mesquite tree on the empty lot behind the motel grounds.’
    • ‘a bean from the plant Prosopis juliflora, which is a shrub related to mesquite and which grows in the south-western USA.’


Mid 18th century: from Mexican Spanish mezquite.