Definition of meritocracy in English:

meritocracy

nounPlural meritocracies

mass noun
  • 1Government or the holding of power by people selected according to merit.

    ‘progress towards meritocracy was slow’
    • ‘France, which prides itself on being a meritocracy, has slowly ossified into its default mode of hierarchy.’
    • ‘While Prussia had used nationalism to overcome France's advantage in recruiting, it found that adopting a meritocracy was more difficult.’
    • ‘For the first time in the 20th century, Britain's agonisingly slow progress towards meritocracy went into reverse.’
    • ‘He says Republicans believe in meritocracy and recognise those with good ideas.’
    • ‘He inherited from the French Revolution a meritocracy.’
    • ‘However, it will not alter the arrogance and meritocracy that is inherent in party politics.’
    • ‘But it seems fair to ask, even if we are all democrats now, whether it is wise to make a god of democracy, never mind the Spartan meritocracy, ‘successful in theory and practice, which commits us to atheism’.’
    • ‘That makes it a good focus for a discussion of meritocracy, reverse discrimination, innate abilities, cultural prejudice and so on.’
    • ‘He did his best, offering equal citizenship, collective solidarity, meritocracy and mutual respect as his core Party values.’
    • ‘The political system, however, is not a meritocracy in the same sense.’
    • ‘It's the end of meritocracy, let alone democracy.’
    • ‘A genuine political meritocracy would be representative of the general population, because it would include people from all genders and communities and would exclude only those without merit.’
    • ‘Accordingly, Napoleon's meritocracy channelled the gifted and diligent into an educational system which was geared to serving the needs of the regime.’
    • ‘Allied to the control with which candidate selection lists are drawn up, it seems the Party is letting us slip into its own form of meritocracy, badly dressed up as democracy.’
    • ‘Given the names initially under consideration and the ones denied an airing, it is obvious that political unions rather than meritocracy still carry the greater weight.’
    • ‘The forces that promoted revolution in France - meritocracy, ambition, new kinds of knowledge - were captured and harnessed to a revived conservatism in Britain.’
    • ‘What is happening to the campaigning steamroller that was going to propel the new prophets of technocratic and meritocracy craving Labor into power?’
    • ‘Many liberal democracies, Britain included, justify wide disparities in the income levels of the rich and poor in terms of a doctrine of meritocracy.’
    • ‘This is different from representative democracy, or meritocracy.’
    • ‘A spokesman for the Singapore government said recently: ‘We are doing it in the interests of meritocracy, transparency and objectivity.’’
    1. 1.1count noun A society governed by people selected according to merit.
      ‘Britain is a meritocracy, and everyone with skill and imagination may aspire to reach the highest level’
      • ‘Well at least we don't live in a meritocracy that says that people with degrees should earn more than minimum wage.’
      • ‘‘The industry became more of a meritocracy,’ says Kurt Cerulli of Boston's Cerulli Associates Inc.’
      • ‘Equality of opportunity is then either a means to meritocracy or partly constitutive of it.’
      • ‘The problem with Liang's novels is that it is a rigid meritocracy - people are graded on their martial art skills, and when a superior fighter encounters an inferior fighter, the outcome is always the same.’
      • ‘‘You have no choice but to have a complete meritocracy and have the competition of the best ideas, best talents and the best people regardless of their backgrounds,’ Yang said.’
      • ‘Social mobility will therefore be high during the transition period to a meritocracy and as society becomes more equal.’
      • ‘In the earlier article, Herrnstein argued that our society is a meritocracy where not only does the cream rise to the top, but it starts near the top from day one.’
      • ‘Truly, our visitor might conclude, the idea of a meritocracy in Britain has yet to catch on.’
      • ‘France is far from a meritocracy in the American vein.’
      • ‘She then went on to talk gushingly about the joys of a meritocracy - a society in which people are rewarded on the basis of merit, rather than on any other basis.’
      • ‘A true meritocracy is tougher in this regard (note that affirmative action may benefit some whites, for this reason).’
      • ‘Because of people such as them, sports is the closest thing America has to a true meritocracy.’
      • ‘Of course, the American and French Revolutions put paid to all that, and now in the West, we generally live in meritocracies.’
      • ‘If no one accuses me of saying that we're living in a caste system or rigid class society I promise not to ask anyone to defend our society as a pure meritocracy.’
      • ‘He built a multiracial meritocracy that insists on tolerance, lawfulness and freedom from crime.’
      • ‘Whether you live in a feudal system or a meritocracy, the only ambitions worth having are for your soul.’
      • ‘He emphasized that equality in America also means meritocracy, a stress on equality of opportunity among individuals regardless of social origins.’
      • ‘I believe in a society that is a meritocracy, and I believe this is worth working for.’
      • ‘The reason stems from complacency, particularly among the mutual life companies in Scotland which haven't been run as meritocracies and have effectively been old boys' clubs.’
      • ‘In his first Observer article Hattersley complained that meritocracy was incompatible with social democracy.’
      • ‘Who was the UK General in the First World War who rose from the ranks - dispelling the idea that Edwardian Britain wasn't a meritocracy?’
    2. 1.2count noun A ruling or influential class of educated or able people.
      ‘the relentless advance of the meritocracy’
      • ‘But perhaps he overestimates the sturdiness of the SAT-based meritocracy that he wishes to see deposed.’
      • ‘The campaign is also backed by several millionaires whose aim is to develop a meritocracy in British society.’
      • ‘Sure, the ideal of a meritocracy - Jefferson's aristocracy of talent and all that - is very old, but America fell short of it for a long time.’
      • ‘They would call this a meritocracy, others would see it merely entrenching the moneyed aristocracy.’
      • ‘They considered themselves a landed meritocracy rather than a regressive aristocracy.’
      • ‘Gillmor outlines a utopian world of media meritocracy, where a blogger with a tiny readership can compete on equal terms with the New York Times or the BBC.’
      • ‘I may no longer be the communist of my youth, but I do believe in a meritocracy where people can get on in life thanks to their own efforts.’
      • ‘However, they embrace the meritocracies of education and athletics, two pursuits that have come to be associated especially, though not exclusively, with American middle-class culture.’
      • ‘The governing class, defended as a meritocracy, resembles nothing more than the Chinese mandarinate.’
      • ‘Surveying this phenomenon has led me to review my own rise in the academic meritocracy, with surprising results.’
      • ‘Some people think a meritocracy would reward literary novelists more than those who write formula romances.’
      • ‘We have a meritocracy of money in which good public education is passed on from one generation to the next.’
      • ‘As he explains it, ‘This is supposed to be a meritocracy and you're supposed to earn what you have.’’
      • ‘The company was a true meritocracy where a guy with a bit of chutzpah, a common touch and a love of money could go a long way.’
      • ‘Either way, post War British educational and welfare state policies was always going to create a new nationalist meritocracy in the North that the old unionist territorial headlands could not contain.’
      • ‘De Bottan's comparison between Aristocracies and meritocracies does indeed seem facile if you look at it as the be-all and end-all of happiness - but its not if you remember its context.’
      • ‘Sure, we spend billions each year on college sports but we are willing to give all that up for an academic meritocracy based upon infallible test scores.’
      • ‘Being in a small community can be inhibiting; having business dealings with friends and family can stifle a meritocracy.’
      • ‘The founder of the National Outdoor Leadership School, proposed a meritocracy, giving priority to those best educated in wilderness skills.’
      • ‘Second, Catalyst's paper challenges the legitimacy of a meritocracy: why should the banker be vastly richer than the nurse or street-cleaner?’

Pronunciation

meritocracy

/ˌmɛrɪˈtɒkrəsi/