Definition of mercerization in English:

mercerization

(also mercerisation)

noun

Textiles
  • The process of treating cotton yarn or fabric (often under tension) with a concentrated solution of sodium hydroxide or other base, in order to impart strength and lustre and to increase affinity for dyes.

Origin

Mid 19th century; earliest use found in The Athenaeum. From the name of John Mercer, English calico-printer and chemist, who discovered the process in 1844 + -ization.

Pronunciation

mercerization

/ˌməːs(ə)rʌɪˈzeɪʃn/