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[mass noun] An infectious disease of rodents, similar to glanders. It is occasionally transmitted to people, in whom it can cause pneumonia, multiple abscesses, and septicaemia.
- ‘In this paper we review the microbiological, clinical and epidemiological observations in patients with septicaemic melioidosis, confirmed by the isolation of organisms from blood culture.’
- ‘In northern Thailand, melioidosis is the most common cause of septicaemia.’
- ‘Authorities in Singapore have expressed concern about the rising death toll from the tropical disease melioidosis.’
- ‘Seroprevalence data may indicate that many more than those who present with overt disease have latent melioidosis and may be at a risk of a relapse.’
- ‘When mortality from melioidosis fell sharply after multiple changes in management at an Australian hospital, doctors wanted to identify whether a new drug was responsible.’
1920s: from Greek mēlis, denoting a disease (probably glanders) affecting asses, + -oid + -osis.
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