One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
An infectious disease of rodents, similar to glanders. It is occasionally transmitted to people, in whom it can cause pneumonia, multiple abscesses, and septicaemia.
The agent is the bacterium Pseudomonas pseudomallei
- ‘In this paper we review the microbiological, clinical and epidemiological observations in patients with septicaemic melioidosis, confirmed by the isolation of organisms from blood culture.’
- ‘Seroprevalence data may indicate that many more than those who present with overt disease have latent melioidosis and may be at a risk of a relapse.’
- ‘Authorities in Singapore have expressed concern about the rising death toll from the tropical disease melioidosis.’
- ‘When mortality from melioidosis fell sharply after multiple changes in management at an Australian hospital, doctors wanted to identify whether a new drug was responsible.’
- ‘In northern Thailand, melioidosis is the most common cause of septicaemia.’
1920s: from Greek mēlis, denoting a disease (probably glanders) affecting asses, + -oid + -osis.
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