Definition of medicine in English:

medicine

Pronunciation /ˈmɛdɪsɪn//ˈmɛds(ə)n/

noun

mass noun
  • 1The science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease (in technical use often taken to exclude surgery)

    ‘he made distinguished contributions to pathology and medicine’
    ‘the remarkable achievements of modern medicine’
    • ‘I had recently been appointed as senior registrar in respiratory medicine and was keen to impress.’
    • ‘A few of them were practitioners of herbal medicine but most were ordinary, conventional citizens.’
    • ‘The interdependence is particularly evident in science and medicine.’
    • ‘After a varied career he decided to study medicine and entered general practice.’
    • ‘There are many areas in which expectations differ over the practice of medicine.’
    • ‘A sound knowledge of medical ethics is essential to the good practice of medicine.’
    • ‘Until then, I had considered medicine as merely a science used to heal human bodies.’
    • ‘This has enabled me to learn at first hand about the practice of medicine.’
    • ‘Concern increased about the gap between academic medicine and practice.’
    • ‘He said they planned to take on extra clinicians in respiratory medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology.’
    • ‘That is sad because it negatively changes how medicine is practiced in this country.’
    • ‘Possible adverse events were detected by two nurses in medicine and surgery and two midwives in obstetrics.’
    • ‘The challenge is to develop models of care integrating nephrology and geriatric medicine.’
    • ‘These principles subsequently formed the basis of good medical practice in Western medicine.’
    • ‘It is also useful for students and teachers of medicine and the biomedical sciences.’
    • ‘Compared to the natural sciences and medicine, psychology is a relatively new field.’
    • ‘The practice of medicine must comply with modern ethical standards.’
    • ‘The holistic therapies might lead medicine back towards the holism of the ancient systems.’
    • ‘As in all things in medicine, medical diagnosis requires prudence, and more than a modicum of common sense.’
    • ‘It may very well be that gene therapy is medicine's future; indeed our own future.’
    medical science, practice of medicine, healing, therapeutics, therapy, treatment, healing art
    View synonyms
  • 2A drug or other preparation for the treatment or prevention of disease.

    ‘give her some medicine’
    count noun ‘your doctor will be able to prescribe medicines’
    • ‘Drug companies are also striving to develop new medicines to treat unmet needs.’
    • ‘If there are no improvements after several weeks, other medicines can be tried.’
    • ‘Store medicines, vitamins and other potential poisons out of the reach of children.’
    • ‘The most effective medicines aim to restore the balance of serotonin in the brain.’
    • ‘She said several of the people were on medication and had not been able to take their medicines.’
    • ‘Special restrictions exist on the prescription of medicines for drug addicts.’
    • ‘There are some medicines that can be useful to keep at home in case of minor accidents.’
    • ‘Lock up all drugs and medicines securely in a bathroom cabinet where they can't be reached.’
    • ‘They understand the use of medicines because they are dealing with them all the time.’
    • ‘Treatments include preventative medicines and those for use in acute attacks.’
    • ‘Inappropriate use of many medicines has led to ineffective treatment and drug resistance.’
    • ‘If you remain well while on the medicines, the treatment should be continued.’
    • ‘She gave me her food and used the medicine to make me feel better.’
    • ‘In less urgent cases, treatment by medicines and vitamins may be a better option.’
    • ‘Early uses were medical, but it gradually came to be accepted as a food rather than a medicine.’
    • ‘She recommends taking the medicine with food at the first sign of cramping or nausea.’
    • ‘They will ask you questions about your current and past health and any medicines you are taking.’
    • ‘He or she may prescribe medicines, depending on the type of symptoms and their severity.’
    • ‘The use of many complementary and alternative medicines remains controversial.’
    • ‘All the review really shows is the lack of good quality research on over the counter cough medicines.’
    medication, medicament, remedy, cure, nostrum, patent medicine, quack remedy, panacea, cure-all, placebo, drug, prescription, dose, treatment
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  • 3(especially among some North American Indian peoples) a spell, charm, or fetish believed to have healing, protective, or other power.

    ‘Fleur was murdering him by use of bad medicine’
    • ‘Every culture had its Shamans, who in turn took on the magic mantle of medicine.’
    • ‘They could be bribed to give you some bad medicine if someone wanted to be rid of you.’

Phrases

  • give someone a dose (or taste) of their own medicine

    • Give someone the same bad treatment that they have given to others.

      ‘tired of his humiliation of me, I decided to give him a taste of his own medicine’
      • ‘She liked to give them a taste of their own medicine.’
      • ‘I was just trying to give them a taste of their own medicine.’
      • ‘Let's give them a taste of their own medicine then perhaps they may have a less arrogant attitude towards Britain.’
      • ‘After all that's happened to you, don't you want to give them a taste of their own medicine?’
      • ‘That's something you say when someone has done something to you, and you give them a taste of their own medicine.’
      • ‘I suggest we out this person and give them a taste of their own medicine.’
      • ‘Sometimes I wondered how our arrangement worked: they were allowed to tease me to no end but the moment I opened my mouth to give them a taste of their own medicine they'd pretend to be hurt.’
      • ‘He would dearly love to get those two particular individuals in a dark alley and give them a taste of their own medicine.’
      • ‘But if Livingston had been caught on the hop, they gave Airdrie a taste of their own medicine a whole 60 seconds later.’
      • ‘Weathering the storm, Windermere then picked up the pace and gave Workington a taste of their own medicine.’
      get even, get even with, get back at, get, let someone see how it feels, get one's revenge, have one's revenge, take one's revenge, get one's revenge on, have one's revenge on, take one's revenge on, be revenged, be revenged on, revenge oneself, revenge oneself on, hit back, hit back at
      View synonyms
  • take one's medicine

    • Submit to punishment as being deserved.

      ‘cattle thieves would confess their guilt and proudly take their medicine’
      • ‘And he took his medicine, and learned from his mistakes, and didn't take his wounded ego to the media.’
      • ‘He had an affair with a blonde teenager but took his medicine and kept his marriage together.’
      • ‘So I took my medicine and I'm on probation now for three years.’
      • ‘Gareth took his medicine and responded with a tremendous performance - the way you would expect a professional to do.’
      • ‘Considering the gravity of the previous night's debacle, we thought it a good idea to return to the scene of the crime, just to see how they took their medicine.’
      • ‘You made a call, acknowledged it was probably wrong and took your medicine with grace.’
      • ‘If he didn't then he should come clean and take his medicine as he so sanctimoniously advises all his politician friends to do.’
      • ‘Yet loyal to the last, Scotland's fans are prepared to take their medicine.’
      • ‘As long as we have a hearing and are treated fairly, we will take our medicine.’
      • ‘But he should write a fulsome letter of apology to the tour officials concerned, and just take his medicine.’
      accept one's punishment, take the consequences of one's actions
      View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: via Old French from Latin medicina, from medicus ‘physician’.

Pronunciation

medicine

/ˈmɛdɪsɪn//ˈmɛds(ə)n/