Main definitions of median in English

: median1Median2

median1

adjective

  • 1attributive Denoting or relating to a value or quantity lying at the midpoint of a frequency distribution of observed values or quantities, such that there is an equal probability of falling above or below it.

    ‘the median duration of this treatment was four months’
    • ‘We propose to calculate the median values at each iteration of the Gibbs sampler.’
    • ‘As for Stephanie, she falls below her state's median income and could still file Chapter 7 but would have to fill out more paperwork to prove it.’
    • ‘The median value assures good recognition for half of the frames.’
    • ‘Homes are considerably cheaper - the median value is about $25,000 - but they tend to be older.’
    • ‘If the median value was chosen, then the wavelengths were converted to a unit of energy.’
    • ‘Frequencies of recombination correspond to the median value of two or three fluctuation tests, each one done with six independent colonies.’
    • ‘Arrows indicate the median value of divergence times of each distribution.’
    • ‘The first value corresponds to the most heterogeneous values observed in the literature and the second to a median value.’
    • ‘At least 15 independent colonies were analyzed for each strain and the median values were used for the calculation.’
    • ‘In all cases however, wetter/drier and warmer/cooler are relative to the median value at the location you're looking at.’
    • ‘The median values of comet length distribution (at least three independent experiments) were used in a one-way analysis of variance test.’
    • ‘There may be circumstances when it is important to be able to estimate the distribution function and the corresponding mean and median values parametrically.’
    • ‘However, while a few genes do show rather high transition bias, most of the estimates cluster tightly around the median value.’
    • ‘The median value of stock holdings among these families was $47,000 in 1998.’
    • ‘The median values were compared by the rank sum test.’
    • ‘On the basis of the median values, it appears that researchers have used larger sample sizes in the last decade compared with in the earlier decades.’
    • ‘When median values were examined, both sexes showed a preference for one partner and did not differ in the number of partners they preferred prior to settling down.’
    • ‘Use of the median value for an individual provides an analysis representing the central tendency for valuing the species.’
    • ‘This information was then used to estimate the median values and the 95% confidence intervals.’
    • ‘He says the poorest bankruptcy filers, people who fall below the median income in their state, can wipe out their debts the same way they did before.’
    1. 1.1 Denoting the middle term (or mean of the middle two terms) of a series arranged in order of magnitude. For example, the median number of the series 55, 62, 76, 85, 93 is 76.
      • ‘Most families are middle-class; the median household income in 1989 was $38,586.’
      • ‘This produced an overall average of 13.7 and a median value of 13 paper-folding opportunities per textbook.’
      • ‘Half of the species are located between 1.7 and 2.5, with the median value at 2.1.’
      • ‘Further, the simple mean, median, and weighted average estimates for early, middle, and late estimates are quite close.’
      • ‘The median value for the size of the largest family per window was 2.0, whereas the mean was 2.34 with a standard error of 0.07.’
      • ‘The median number of copies sold per week for the average book on the New York Times Best-selling list was 3,600.’
      mean, median, medial, middle
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  • 2Anatomy
    technical attributive Situated in the middle, especially of the body.

    ‘the median part of the sternum’
    • ‘However, results may be limited, because the bladder neck and median prostate lobe cannot be treated.’
    • ‘After birth, it is represented by the median umbilical ligament, which extends from the dome or anterior wall of the bladder to the umbilicus.’
    • ‘The contents of the tunnel include the median nerve and flexor tendons of the hand.’
    • ‘The normally obliterated umbilical artery within the urachus forms the median umbilical ligament in the adult.’
    • ‘The volar compartment includes forearm wrist flexors, pronator tendons, and median and ulnar nerves and arteries.’
    halfway, in-between, middle, mid, midway, intermediary, intervening, interposed, transitional
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noun

  • 1The median value of a range of values.

    ‘acreages ranged from one to fifty-two with a median of twenty-four’
    • ‘The results are presented either as medians and interquartile ranges or percentage frequencies and 95% confidence intervals, as appropriate.’
    • ‘Clinical factors graded on a scale of 0 to 3 were reported as medians and interquartile ranges.’
    • ‘Data that were not normally distributed were described by using medians and interquartile ranges.’
    • ‘As the data were skewed, we have presented medians and interquartile ranges for continuous data.’
    • ‘We calculated means, standard deviations, medians, and interquartile ranges as appropriate.’
    • ‘Descriptive statistics (means, standard deviations, medians and percentages) were used.’
    • ‘When medians and ranges were presented the values were converted to means.’
    • ‘Values are medians (interquartile ranges) unless stated otherwise.’
    • ‘We produced summary statistics for each cost variable (means, medians, and standard deviations).’
    • ‘Data are described as frequencies, medians with ranges, and means with standard deviations.’
    • ‘Using the median rather than the average of the set of estimates does not improve estimation (results not shown).’
    • ‘We calculated means (standard deviations) or medians (ranges or interquartile ranges) as appropriate.’
    • ‘Descriptive statistics such as means, standard deviations, medians, percentages and frequencies were used to summarize the data.’
    • ‘The data were analyzed in several ways, incorporating frequencies, percentages, means, medians, and standard deviations.’
    • ‘Summary descriptive statistics were computed by using proportions or medians and interquartile ranges.’
    • ‘In October 2000 the average and median had been $587 and $448 respectively.’
    • ‘Time intervals are expressed as medians and interquartile ranges.’
    • ‘Descriptive statistics, including means, medians, range, standard deviation, and frequencies, were used to enumerate the TAT process.’
    • ‘We expressed categorical variables as frequencies and percentages and continuous variables as medians (interquartile range).’
    • ‘Dashed lines connect observations within 1.5 interquartile ranges of the median.’
    mean, median, mode, midpoint, centre
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  • 2North American The strip of land between the carriageways of a motorway or other major road; a central reservation.

    • ‘That cell phone came flying out of her hands faster than Jon can jump medians on a four-lane freeway.’
    • ‘As the motorists tried to get out of the melee, those who came out of the rally seemed to be enjoying themselves, dancing away on road medians and traffic islands.’
    • ‘Coimbatore city has many such road medians, roadside parks and traffic islands.’
    • ‘Shrines are erected on busy street corners adjacent to megastores and fast food restaurants, in the medians of multilane roadways and freeways, and on private property.’
    • ‘There are about 37 traffic islands and numerous medians in that part of the city.’
    • ‘One possibility is installing a monorail on the Interstate median strip in many areas of the country.’
    • ‘Also, we have requested the Public Works Department to install raised central medians on the highway roads to prevent people from crossing the road at will.’
    • ‘Boulder recently outlawed the practice of standing in a road median with a sign, saying this activity is a safety hazard.’
    • ‘There appears to be no restrictions on who uses the road, the road median strip, road verge or any part of the road corridor.’
    • ‘The expressway now has four lanes, a median strip and CCTV cameras to watch the road.’
    • ‘For soft landscaping beds, the majority of landscape occurs as medians, islands, urban beds and interchange islands.’
    • ‘Cars were everywhere - road, medians, sidewalks - just everywhere.’
    • ‘There is no intermingling of vehicles from opposite directions as the two-way movement was separated by a median strip.’
    • ‘All over Europe he was pulling up wherever - on a curb, on the median of a freeway, just to skate a spot.’
    • ‘While the city lost its luxurious circles and fountains at major intersections thanks to the increasing traffic, the medians, sidewalks and traffic islands are beginning to make up.’
    • ‘All personnel are assigned a sector of observation and fire, with the lead automatic weapon gunner maintaining special emphasis on road medians or emergency lanes.’
    • ‘The charity in question is Chicago Gateway Green, which spends most of its energy keeping freeways and medians pleasantly landscaped.’
    • ‘The original roadside hazard model used to predict roadside crashes was derived from data collected on encroachments into a median.’
    • ‘With traffic at a dead halt, fathers and sons got out of their cars and played catch on freeway medians.’
    • ‘And if everything goes well, the city's public gardens, roadside gardens and medians will use treated water for their maintenance by 2006.’
  • 3Geometry
    A straight line drawn from any vertex of a triangle to the middle of the opposite side.

    • ‘Perpendicular bisectors of two pieces of its medians form a hexagon with opposite sides parallel (and some additional features).’
    centre, mean, median, mid point, halfway point, dead centre, focal point, focus, hub, nucleus, midst
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Origin

Late Middle English (denoting a median vein or nerve): from medieval Latin medianus, from medius ‘mid’.

Pronunciation

median

/ˈmiːdɪən/

Main definitions of median in English

: median1Median2

Median2

adjective

  • Relating to Media, an ancient region of Asia to the south-west of the Caspian Sea.

    ‘the Median empire’
    • ‘His predecessors ruled Parsumash, a vassal state of the Median empire.’
    • ‘They even live in the old Median lands of the Middle East.’
    • ‘It is said that he is represented as a king of an intermediate and independent Median empire.’

Pronunciation

Median

/ˈmiːdɪən/