Definition of mature in English:

mature

adjective

  • 1Fully developed physically; full-grown.

    ‘she was now a mature woman’
    ‘owls are sexually mature at one year’
    • ‘What we'll do is lower the production and seek to harvest more mature grapes.’
    • ‘Once the seed is fully mature, it is usually too hard to bite.’
    • ‘Skins constitute between five and 12 per cent by weight of a mature grape berry, depending on the vine variety.’
    • ‘Very wet soil encourages mature peanuts to sprout in the ground.’
    • ‘The flesh of the mature nut was grated and pressed to produce a cream.’
    • ‘In mature tomato, glucose and fructose constitute the major sugars, and citric and malic acids are the major organic acids.’
    • ‘Bigger athletes and sprinters generally start earlier than those who are less mature physically.’
    • ‘The biggest problem was that he would not be physically mature.’
    • ‘Studies on the bamboo cell wall have focussed mainly on fully elongated and mature fibres.’
    • ‘The cubs are becoming more thick-set like fully mature foxes.’
    • ‘However, it is clear that only a small fraction of the spermatids develop into mature spermatozoa in males.’
    • ‘I get jealous of her because she's physically more mature - tall and curvy.’
    • ‘No mature fruits had more than two seedless carpels.’
    • ‘Flower number was obtained by adding the number of scars left by aborted flowers and fruits to the number of mature fruits.’
    • ‘Lemurs do not fully mature until they are two-and-a-half years old, and until then most of their time is spent clinging to their mother.’
    • ‘During that thousand years, the mature adult of each generation would look more like a younger chimp than the mature adult of the generation before.’
    • ‘Watch for fully mature, dry seedpods and collect them before they shatter.’
    • ‘Boys are almost fully mature at this point and have developed a tough outer shell that protects them from their natural predators.’
    • ‘The adult coat begins to appear when the Pom is a year old, but that coat requires months of growth before it is fully mature.’
    • ‘At the same time, however, biology is very far from being a fully mature science.’
    adult, grown-up, grown, fully grown, full-grown, of age, fully developed, fully fledged, in one's prime, in full bloom, nubile
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1(especially of a young person) having reached a stage of mental or emotional development characteristic of an adult.
      ‘a young man mature beyond his years’
      • ‘He is now mature enough emotionally to reside in the men's house without need of running home to be with his mother.’
      • ‘Does that mean I'm becoming a more emotionally and spiritually mature adult?’
      • ‘Immature teens always try to prove that they are mature and they are responsible, but the only thing they forget at that time is that one mistake can ruin their life.’
      • ‘I don't deserve this and I am too mature to play silly emotional games.’
      • ‘Of course, others might have been taken over by hysterical hordes, but what I saw was a mature discussion among mature people.’
      • ‘By the time a child has reached their teens, parents feel that they are mature enough to cope with more adult content, and control shifts accordingly.’
      • ‘And so I did what any mature adult would do in my situation.’
      • ‘Our programme is not likely to work well with younger or less mature people.’
      • ‘He's mature beyond his years, practices extremely well, works really hard, soaks things up.’
      • ‘Today's young men and women are more mature, responsible and competent.’
      • ‘You may think that dance patrons would be mainly mature persons but that is hardly the case.’
      • ‘But these are legitimate disagreements between mature people, and you wouldn't let a thing like that get in the way.’
      • ‘Tell me, is there a single person in the world who doesn't think he is mature beyond his years?’
      • ‘She's mature beyond her years in terms of her ability to pay attention to every single detail of her preparation.’
      • ‘I suppose we're just going to have to deal with it like mature adults.’
      • ‘‘We strongly encourage older applicants for our courses and in my experience they are more mature,’ he added.’
      • ‘They were mature adults and the assessment should be based on their own income.’
      • ‘We're going to act like normal, mature adults and choose normal children's names.’
      • ‘He enjoys the company of mature people, people who are tolerant and have the patience to reach a sensible agreement with other people.’
      • ‘It bothered her beyond belief that a mature adult would say such a thing, especially in front of two children.’
    2. 1.2(of thought or planning) careful and thorough.
      ‘on mature reflection he decided they should not go’
      • ‘As we enter the 21st century, the time has come, surely, for a period of mature reflection.’
      • ‘He should use the Christmas period for mature reflection and then tender his resignation.’
      • ‘It may be that on mature reflection, you decide to complete the transaction having weighed up all the pros and cons.’
      • ‘On mature consideration though, perhaps those black puddings of theirs count as weapons of mass destruction and merit a pre-emptive strike.’
      • ‘It's also important to have a mature rather than a gung ho approach.’
      • ‘There are strong indications that our judges make decisions without mature consideration.’
      • ‘However, upon mature reflection this wasn't the best price for the quality delivered.’
      • ‘If it be that more mature consideration suggested that that was erroneous, then one sees an appeal to the Court of Appeal.’
      • ‘These two books are the fruits of mature and careful scholarship.’
      • ‘But I would hope that, on mature reflection, he would not be advised to take any purely technical point on service.’
      • ‘What he provides instead is a substantial elaboration of the original, clarifying and extending it with the benefit of mature reflection.’
    3. 1.3Used euphemistically to describe someone middle-aged or old.
      ‘Miss Walker was a mature lady when she married’
      • ‘Many years ago, when I lived in Paris, an extremely elegant, mature French lady told me the secret of applying a scent properly.’
      • ‘I have mature skin and I massage my face every night with creams to prevent ageing.’
      • ‘But reflecting in my mature middle-age, I still think she could have tried harder.’
      • ‘When the rose petals and hips are turned into face creams they have amazing healing properties, and so are ideal for mature or sensitive skins.’
      • ‘Oily and mature skin types benefit the most from this type of exfoliation.’
      • ‘We are especially seeking more mature people who are perhaps not currently working or who have retired and wish to use their skills and experience in a different way.’
      • ‘In fact, farther to the southeast along the same fault zone, there are some more seismic gaps that are what we might describe as mature.’
      • ‘All are hypoallergenic and super-pure so they're perfect for thin and delicate mature skins.’
      • ‘Over the last century face powder has undergone a revolution, but at times it still looked caked or floury on mature skin.’
      • ‘Increasingly women and mature aged Australians are at the cutting edge of this do-it-yourself enterprise culture.’
      • ‘Tall, mature, single, blue-blooded aristocrat seeks tall, mature foxy lady who loves dressing in furs.’
      • ‘I've been really impressed by the way in which so many companies have at last woken up to the special needs of mature skin.’
  • 2Having reached the most advanced stage in a process.

    ‘Van Gogh's mature work’
    • ‘They all come out with much more advanced, mature golf swings.’
    • ‘So, I was looking forward to the arrival at the National Gallery of a mature and authentic view of him: a proper assessment.’
    • ‘In fact, I proudly imagined myself to be the only twelve year old in the UK with such advanced, mature tastes for my age.’
    • ‘These are songs that demonstrate a mature talent at work - both vocally and lyrically.’
    • ‘Against the odds, I acquired an elegant and mature writing style years ahead of my age.’
    • ‘A lot of products are technologically mature, so the advances are in usability.’
    1. 2.1(of certain foods or drinks) ready for consumption.
      ‘a rather nice mature Camembert’
      • ‘A nice chunk of mature cheddar is fabulous on toast.’
      • ‘Stilton or a very mature Cheddar have enough of a tang to be interesting, Caerphilly or Wensleydale slightly less so.’
      • ‘While most of the wines were of very recent vintage, we did taste one mature wine, and it was excellent.’
      • ‘I absolutely loved its mature cheddar and those little cakes with white sugar on top.’
      • ‘If you're preparing Welsh rarebit, for example, use a strong-tasting, mature cheese rather than a mild variety.’
      • ‘After all, he smiled, it's imperative to let mature wine breathe.’
      • ‘Again, if the rim is brown, it's probably mature and ready to drink.’
      • ‘Certainly, Cabernets will age, but they take longer than other varieties and I wanted some mature wine sooner.’
      • ‘At last those who buy to drink now will have the chance to experience mature wine from France's classic regions.’
      • ‘Beer, 15 year-old mature wine and whiskey - it's up to you what suits your mood best.’
      • ‘More mature cheeses are firmer and can be crumbled over pasta or soup, or grilled and served on a salad dressed with walnut oil.’
      • ‘A selection of fine mature cheeses and some roasted hazelnuts, or a single dry slice of brown bread?’
      • ‘This is a startlingly complex and mature wine given its youth.’
      • ‘It also goes with mature cheddar, Parmesan and other strong, hard cheeses, and it's worth trying with runny, gluey cheeses, too.’
      • ‘Food that I would normally savour, like mature cheese, bacon, or roast beef, has tasted dry and dead in my mouth.’
      • ‘My eldest, in a knowing way, asked me if mature cheese is made out of milk from old cows.’
    2. 2.2Denoting an economy, industry, or market that has developed to a point where substantial expansion and investment no longer takes place.
      ‘a mature, sophisticated economy’
      • ‘The company's biggest challenge is in its mature US home market.’
      • ‘In the midst of this, our president is determined to cut taxes to revive a mature economy.’
      • ‘However, there is a problem here in that almost every other mature economy in Europe wants tax harmonisation.’
      • ‘Margins are tightening and growth slowing to the levels of more mature markets.’
      • ‘Some economists argue that info tech is a mature industry that cannot expect to grow much faster than the rest of the economy.’
      • ‘None of these offers an auspicious precedent or any clear parallel for introducing a flat tax to a mature economy.’
      • ‘Risk-based pricing has also enabled the development of a mature secondary market in consumer debt.’
      • ‘The industry is more mature than it was a decade ago, when it last rose and fell.’
      • ‘In any mature industry, a 1 percent boost would be considered good news.’
      • ‘As for implementing a flat tax in a mature economy, we may soon be able to observe a pilot scheme.’
      • ‘Investors in mature industries are those who want to enjoy the potential for growth but also avoid extreme highs and lows.’
      • ‘The growth potential for brewers is not in mature European markets.’
      • ‘We realized the first year we looked at this that we were spending far too much money on mature markets.’
      • ‘But if the conventional capital markets don't want to touch mature industries, where can these orphan companies turn for finance?’
      • ‘The corporate banking market in Ireland is mature, but there is still scope for growth internationally.’
      • ‘Cyclical trends tend to be shorter and more applicable in mature markets.’
      • ‘The clues to the future of the industrial markets will be found in closely analyzing how more mature markets have evolved.’
      • ‘The former is a mature market in most developed countries; the latter shows strength in developing nations.’
      • ‘The forecast was for growth levels to echo those of other mature industries, when the current sectoral downturn ends.’
      • ‘Markets are highly saturated, and the industry is mature in the developed world.’
  • 3(of a bill, bond, etc.) due for payment or repayment.

    • ‘It can point the way to creating a bond between two people, but it is not itself a mature bond.’

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • 1(of a person or thing) become fully grown or developed.

    ‘children mature at different ages’
    ‘the trees take at least thirty years to mature’
    • ‘They have matured into a side with a backbone of leaders, and excellent mid field and a set of forwards which are lethal.’
    • ‘The hollow cavities were formed as the animal matured and grew to adulthood, erasing the early growth rings.’
    • ‘They've matured into a tight live band, and if some of the quirkiness of old has been ironed out the fact that they're writing the best songs of their career more than makes up for it.’
    • ‘Yorkshire's most famous soul singer has matured into a handsome, outwardly respectable middle-aged man with a raffish undertow.’
    • ‘Not only did they survive, but every single one of my seedlings matured into a sturdy adolescent.’
    • ‘In the intervening years, he has matured into a more complete forward.’
    • ‘Some plants matured more rapidly and developed spikes from the first node.’
    • ‘Children who mature on time or a little early have status with their peers; those who mature late feel left out and inadequate.’
    • ‘If he stayed around long enough, he'd see his teenage bride had matured into a competent, successful businesswoman.’
    • ‘The trapping was prompted by a drop in numbers as it was estimated that only around five per cent of all spawnings actually matured into young fish.’
    • ‘Worker and queen larvae mature in different cells but that makes little difference in their development.’
    • ‘He had watched me since I had matured into womanhood, all the while pressuring his father to arrange the marriage.’
    • ‘Parrots are very intelligent and go through development stages as they mature and assert their will like rebellious teenagers.’
    • ‘Children mature so quickly that one has to enjoy the various stages of their development.’
    • ‘Doctors can help your child preserve his or her adult height potential as well as limit the emotional and social difficulties your child may face from maturing early.’
    • ‘Models that have been married or have borne children are most welcome, for their bodies have been well developed and matured, and are more easily drawn.’
    • ‘Many developmental and educational psychologists agree that young adults mature through a sequence of stages.’
    • ‘While this may have been so at point of entry, they have certainly matured into storytellers, weaving tales with a sense of theatre.’
    • ‘Worms normally go through four stages as they mature into adults.’
    • ‘The most intensive period of speech and language development for humans is during the first three years of life, a period when the brain is developing and maturing.’
    develop, grow, evolve, bloom, blossom, flourish, thrive, come to fruition
    be fully grown, be full-grown, be fully developed, develop fully, come of age, become adult, reach adulthood, reach maturity
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1(of a person) reach an advanced stage of mental or emotional development.
      ‘he has matured and is ready to take on new responsibilities’
      • ‘The experience of pain, the experience of stress, that is what puts those wrinkles upon our faces so rapidly, and that is what matures us.’
      • ‘He seems to have matured a little in the past couple of years.’
      • ‘Then, when I matured a little, I saw what he had had to give up for me.’
      • ‘However, thinking seems to be more of an art than a natural talent, something learned and developed as one matures in life.’
      • ‘I've developed, matured, settled down, have a lot more common sense.’
      • ‘Nevertheless, what we do retain is the spirit, which matures and develops as we progress.’
      • ‘His son was having a great time, and was maturing every day away from his mother.’
      • ‘In many ways, I guess I matured a lot by looking after myself for 7 years.’
      • ‘Report writers say that you have matured and improved your coping strategies.’
      • ‘He had matured and he was ready to be a father no matter what it took.’
      • ‘It's impossible to project how players will physically grow and mature emotionally.’
      • ‘He matured much faster than the other boys I knew, if only mentally.’
    2. 1.2(with reference to certain foods or drinks) become or cause to become ready for consumption.
      [no object] ‘leave the cheese to mature’
      [with object] ‘the Scotch is matured for a minimum of three years’
      • ‘But there is something magical about whole cheese that needs to be properly cared for and lovingly matured.’
      • ‘It should be ready to drink in six months but can be left to mature for at least 4 years.’
      • ‘The owner produces it in small quantities and he matures it in earthenware containers rather than in wooden barrels as most vineyards do today.’
      • ‘Two styles were released after maturing for three and five years respectively in French and American oak; only a five-year-old vintage dated version is now made.’
      • ‘And the rule of the thumb is; the longer the cheese takes to mature, the sharper or stronger the taste it develops.’
      • ‘The cellar ensures that wines are stored at a constant temperature for conserving and maturing in the proper conditions.’
      • ‘Drying foods does not stop the enzymatic action that causes fruit to mature and decay; it only slows it down.’
      • ‘The mussels then take between 15 months and two years to mature to marketable quality when they are harvested.’
      • ‘It is left to mature in the cellar and the final ripening stage takes place in a spruce wood box, where the cheese is kept for at least 3 weeks.’
      • ‘Cheddar has to be kept for a long time before it matures, whereas Caerphilly ripens in 10 days.’
      • ‘They have a rich unpasturised flavour, are mould ripened and often ‘flow’ as they mature.’
      • ‘In vinegar that has matured for 12 years, there is an expected 85-percent evaporation.’
      • ‘Leaving them to mature in casks or bottles improved things further and France's loss was very much Portugal's gain.’
      • ‘After this it is up to the producer how much longer they mature the cheese.’
  • 2(of an insurance policy, security, etc.) reach the end of its term and hence become payable.

    ‘when the policy matures it pays off the loan’
    • ‘The loan programme was originally created for executives who owed taxes on shares of restricted stock that had matured.’
    • ‘The fact that they mature in April 2006, a month before the last possible date for the next election, is surely coincidental!’
    • ‘For example, let's say that your endowment is predicted to leave you £20,000 short when it matures.’
    • ‘And later, if you want to sell the bond before it matures, there will be a tremendous markdown on its value.’
    • ‘It pays regular interest until it matures, at which point you get your money back.’
    • ‘Let's say that you have a policy due to mature in 2013.’
    • ‘If your policy is due to mature after the end of December 2005, you should get some top-up payment.’
    • ‘It's reckoned that the average policy yet to mature will come up several thousand pounds short.’
    • ‘They pay a fixed interest rate until they mature, when the issuer returns your principal.’
    • ‘At that point, I thought if we waited five years for my policy to mature, at least I'd get back all of my $33,000.’
    • ‘With a discounted gift scheme, you make a gift into a series of single-premium insurance policies designed to mature in different years.’
    • ‘However, she was sold a policy that matured at 65.’
    • ‘You can get higher yields by investing in bonds that mature in 20 to 30 years.’
    • ‘If I didn't trust the stock market to create a lump sum to pay off my home loan when it matured, then why on earth did I trust it to produce enough for my retirement pot at the end of my working life?’
    • ‘The bond will mature in two years and carry 4 per cent interest.’
    • ‘One estimate is that fewer than one in five existing policies will mature with a value large enough to pay off the associated mortgage.’
    • ‘It pays a fixed rate of interest until it matures.’
    • ‘Of the total debt stock, 80 per cent was private debt and almost 36 per cent was short term, maturing in 12 months or less.’
    • ‘They have billions of dollars of securities which will be maturing in November and December too…’
    • ‘Half of it matures in 2006 or earlier, the rest in 2008.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin maturus timely, ripe; perhaps related to matins.

Pronunciation:

mature

/məˈtʃʊə/