Definition of mash in English:

mash

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Reduce (a food or other substance) to a pulpy mass by crushing it:

    ‘mash the beans to a paste’
    ‘mashed banana’
    • ‘And don't forget, they can also be mashed like potatoes for a bit of variety.’
    • ‘Mash together the sage, thyme and pine nuts with a little bit of olive oil, either using a mortar and pestle, a small food-processor, or by chopping the pine nuts and herbs and then mashing the mixture with a spoon.’
    • ‘Back in the small village, Janey stood in her home kitchen mashing food for her daughter who sat in her crib waiting for her lunch.’
    • ‘The fish was served on a pile of sorrel with mashed chickpeas.’
    • ‘We had to mash her food for a while but she's better now.’
    • ‘We had peas, spicy chickpeas, yoghurt curry, dhal and mashed banana with tamarind sauce, coriander leaf chutney and millet bread.’
    • ‘In a large bowl or food processor, mash bananas until mushy.’
    • ‘Mashed avocado is also ideal for babies, since it is mild and creamy in flavour yet higher in vitamins B1 and B2, potassium and magnesium than any other fruit or vegetable.’
    • ‘Just before you're ready to serve the stew, mash one or two of the potatoes against the cooker's side, and blend them into the broth.’
    • ‘Once the potatoes have been mashed, ensuring that there are no lumps left in the mash, add the sliced spring onions and give the potatoes one final whip.’
    • ‘Rice cakes and crispbreads can be spread with low fat cream cheese or try mashed banana and then pile sliced fruit on top.’
    • ‘The recipe book notes that over-ripe bananas can be mashed then frozen until ready to use for baking.’
    • ‘Drain the potatoes thoroughly, then mash with 50g butter and the hot milk, adding the mustard and seasoning to taste.’
    • ‘They will even swallow pebbles and rocks, which aid digestion by helping to mash the food in the crocodile's stomach.’
    • ‘Stir in the rest of the ingredients and use a potato masher to mash everything together, being careful not to scratch the pot's nonstick surface.’
    • ‘Leafy vegetables may also be mashed together with the starchy foods.’
    • ‘For complete neophytes, you mash squash and potatoes with a potato masher.’
    • ‘With a potato masher, mash the tomatoes and bread together.’
    • ‘The premolars, which are flatter than the canines, grind and mash food.’
    • ‘You may use steamed and mashed homemade foods or baby foods from jars.’
    crush, squeeze, squash, compress, pulp, reduce, clamp, pack down, tamp, condense, compact, trample, stamp, tread, grind, mill, pound, pulverize, macerate
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    1. 1.1 Crush or smash (something) to a pulp:
      ‘he almost had his head mashed by a slamming door’
      • ‘Today he danced precariously on the summit, mashing to a pulp the thick green leaves of a branch of pig's-face under his feet.’
      • ‘Every day mountains of perfectly good, once-used boxes are piled up on the streets and simply mashed up with all other forms of waste.’
      • ‘In seconds it could mash the most alert of minds into jellylike senselessness.’
      • ‘Three to five months later they are taken to the water mills and mashed into bamboo pulp.’
      • ‘They'd take it, mash the flowers into pulp and use it to dye their fabrics for the village.’
      • ‘When the lizards find him at the bottom of the hill, he is mashed to a pulp, and there is nothing left but some fur and bones.’
      • ‘Companies purchase thousands of tons of old newsprint every year: they mash it into a pulp, skim the ink off the top, and make more newsprint.’
      • ‘A vision passes through my mind of marine plumbing 100 years ago, the toilet flushing immediately in front of the paddle-wheel for the discharge to be mashed up.’
      • ‘When the water is cool enough, use your hands to mash the pulp as finely as possible.’
      • ‘He beautifully captures the Lord of the Flies cruelty of insecure adolescents grasping for their place on the ladder, mashing the faces of those below them under heel.’
      • ‘The little brats will only mash it into your lovely oiled floorboards and goatskin rugs.’
      • ‘And now here they lie, in an echo of the little boy and the snowman, just a little mashed lifeless pile proving that the episode wasn't a dream at all.’
      • ‘Anyway, he took a mighty swing with one of those rusty red bricks, and managed to bring it down squarely on the middle finger of my right hand, mashing it flat.’
      • ‘The yellowish contents of the bag seemed to be mashed up.’
      • ‘The modern process is virtually the same except that the cotton rags are mashed to a pulp by a machine called the Hollander beater and the polishing and smoothening is done by a manually operated calendaring machine.’
      pulp, crush, purée, cream, smash, squash, pound, beat, macerate, liquidize, liquefy, whip, grind, mince, soften, mangle, chew
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    2. 1.2West Indian, US informal Press forcefully on (something):
      ‘the worst thing you can do is mash the brake pedal’
      • ‘Half the action scenes felt like someone was mashing the gas pedal while the parking brake was still engaged.’
      • ‘At the end of every straight the brake pedal would be mashed into the floor before the car was flung into the next curve, generating cornering forces well in excess of the gravitational pull of Earth.’
      • ‘I did manage to mash the back brake, but it had little effect against the massive power of the big cruiser.’
      • ‘She forcefully reached over and mashed the play button, storming out of the room as the message began to play for her boss.’
      • ‘It's smooth and responsive, quickly downshifting when the gas is mashed, and upshifting late or early depending on what the driver is doing with the throttle.’
    3. 1.3West Indian, US informal Attack or assault:
      ‘they both got mashed up pretty bad’
      • ‘I mean, come on, who would really run to the cameras with their face completely mashed up just to make her sales go up?’
  • 2(in brewing) mix (powdered malt) with hot water to form wort:

    ‘the barley is dried out over peat fires and mashed with water which flows through peat ground’
    • ‘Mash the malt and maintain it at 67°C until the wort ceases to give a positive reaction with iodine.’
    • ‘The materials to be distilled are mashed in water.’
    • ‘Mash any malts, barley, maize and wheat in a mash tun for 90min at 66°C. Sparge with 3 gallons of water at 70°C.’
    • ‘It’s full of the rich, complex malt flavors that only mashing will give you.’
    • ‘We have inherited two mighty tubs intended, probably, for mashing illicit whisky, but since we took over the quondam pig and Christmas tree empire, each of them contains a geranium.’
  • 3Northern English (with reference to tea) brew or infuse:

    ‘I've just mashed a pot of tea’
    [no object] ‘we'd let the pot mash for ten minutes’
    • ‘They decided to wait, so we asked them to take a seat and mashed a pot of tea in preparation for a chat.’
    • ‘He went back indoors, and mashed some tea.’
    • ‘She fried me two eggs and mashed a pot of tea.’
    • ‘To his left was a table containing mineral water, an electric kettle full of water, a cup, milk etc with which he later mashed a cup of tea and demonstrated how a kettle could sing.’
    • ‘I bit my tongue, and mashed a cup of tea to silence the rumbling of our stomachs.’
    infuse, be in preparation
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noun

  • 1A soft mass made by crushing a substance into a pulp, sometimes with the addition of liquid:

    ‘pound the garlic to a mash’
    • ‘Mash all of this together, season with pepper and pour over it enough of the meat stock to produce a mash of soft consistency.’
    • ‘In the market I see people grinding up thumb-joint sized crabs in a pestle and mortar to make a vile green-brown mash.’
    • ‘Instead, there might be spice-crusted scallops with chilli mash, or lobster biryani, followed by a chocolate samosa with Indian tea ice cream.’
    • ‘Celeste will kill for profiteroles and ice cream, Daphne for sweet potato and marshmallow mash.’
    • ‘This was served with a creamy mash of onion, peas and capers, and it lifted the mash to balance beautifully with the fish.’
    • ‘And finally, sambal is a mash of peppers rather than a sauce.’
    • ‘Serve the leek mash on four warmed dinner plates.’
    • ‘Vendors wander the sand selling newspaper cones of peanuts or of lentil mash flavoured with chilli, ginger, curry leaves and salted green mango.’
    • ‘My sister informed me she'd finished her task and gave me the garlic mash which I scattered in a line across the front entry way.’
    • ‘Place the sweet potato mash in the centre of the plate and then the seared kangaroo on the potato facing inwards.’
    • ‘The Panchara Patta is eaten by being crushed by hand into flakes, adding to a banana mash and mixing the two well.’
    • ‘My companion opted for the red roasted pork fillet with rocket mash and gazpacho salsa.’
    • ‘Try seared sea bass with butternut squash purée, chicory and white bean sauce, and roast venison with confit savoy cabbage and tarragon mash.’
    • ‘Add enough garlic cream to flavour the mash, remembering to keep some back for saucing at the end.’
    • ‘Lunch likewise consists of a mash of dourra but without meat.’
    • ‘The pesto mash was smooth and tangy, thanks to the basil.’
    • ‘And the stew you mention is probably karafs, a terrific mash of celery cooked down with mint and turmeric, among other things.’
    • ‘To complete the meal serve it with sweet potato mash and sautéed English spinach.’
    • ‘Gabe promptly filled Ethan's bowl to the brim with the contents of that pot, which turned out to be a mash of vegetables.’
    • ‘We followed with fillet of cod coated in a herb and Parmesan crust served on a parsnip mash, and French onion, mushroom and Gruyère cheese tart.’
    pulp, purée, mush, paste, pâté, crush, slush, liquid
    pap
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    1. 1.1British informal [mass noun] Mashed potato:
      ‘for supper there was sausages and mash’
      • ‘One word of advice: when you are boiling potatoes, whether to make mash or to roast them, don't let the water boil too vigorously.’
      • ‘As the name suggests, the menu contains a lot of sausage and mash and steamed puddings, but it's fun, fast and all wonderfully fattening.’
      • ‘The rump steak was succulent and was served with creamy mash, although the overcooked ratatouille let the dish down.’
      • ‘I opted for the wild boar sausage and mash, with a side helping of hummus and ciabatta.’
      • ‘King Edwards, for example are a dry floury potato that will disintegrate around the edges when boiled, so makes excellent mash, roast and chips.’
      • ‘The steak with mash seemed a bit pedestrian by contrast.’
      • ‘Remove skewers, slice the sausage and serve on a pile of mash.’
      • ‘This dish is perfect served with creamy mash and buttered cabbage.’
      • ‘Potato is also a staple of Hungarian cuisine and the restaurant offers potato mash and roasted nut-formed potato.’
      • ‘Creamy garlic-flavoured potato mash would be delicious with this and the tomato and watercress salad below.’
      • ‘Serve with creamy mash and blanched buttery cabbage, or try the sliced celeriac dish that follows, which again can be made ahead and reheated to serve.’
      • ‘It was tender and tasty, and the potato and chive mash was every bit as good as our waiter had promised.’
      • ‘The Cumberland sausage and mash served on an adjoining table looked vast.’
      • ‘Traditionalists will be drawn to steaks or the Cumberland sausages with mash and onion gravy, while lighter tastes are catered for with grilled salmon.’
      • ‘For our main course, we plumped for wild mushroom and leek lasagne, and pork and apple sausages, with mustard mash and red wine gravy.’
      • ‘I am not sure there is a more welcoming sight on a cold autumn evening than a trio of sticky, glistening sausages and a deep pile of creamy mash.’
      • ‘She did sausages and mash and toad in the hole - that was one of our favourites.’
      • ‘Opt for simple comforting English fare like fish-finger sarnies with ketchup, or Cornish pasties and sausage and mash.’
      • ‘We still do roasts on site and we still do pies, and fish and chips, and sausage and mash.’
      • ‘And the sausage and mash was actually very good: a nice local venison banger and tweedy potato.’
    2. 1.2[mass noun] Bran mixed with hot water, given as a warm food to horses and other animals:
      ‘a bucket of mash’
      • ‘If no pasture is available then the mare will have to be fed a bran mash to keep the feces loose.’
      • ‘He had run her too much; he would have to tell Meric, the stable boy, to give her oats and a mash, plus a blanket to stop her from shivering.’
      • ‘Protein-rich worm feed and chicken mash are added for supplements.’
      • ‘She slowly transferred them to Pro-nutro then growing mash and finally garden bird seed.’
      • ‘Starter mash for chicks and poults usually has amprolium added, which is a coccidiostat.’
    3. 1.3[mass noun] (in brewing) a mixture of powdered malt and hot water, which is left to stand until the sugars dissolve to form the wort:
      ‘the brewer now transfers the mash to a mash tun’
      • ‘The ideal pH of the wort, which is the mash soaked in hot water, is about 4.7.’
      • ‘To make the mash, the malted barley is crushed between rollers and then wet with hot water, at around 65°C.’
      • ‘This imparts a distinctive taste to the fermented barley mash from which the water of life is distilled.’
      • ‘I suspect that the reason the recipe calls for a large amount of sugar in the wort is that this mash doesn't produce enough fermentable sugars to make beer.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • mash something up

    • Mix or combine two or more different elements:

      ‘in my films I've always tried to artfully mash up genres’
      ‘Dinsdale mashes up dance styles like UK garage, house, and hip-hop with masterful aplomb’
      • ‘Mashing up the superhero genre with the high school comedy, Mike Mitchell's Sky High is the kind of movie Disney should produce more often.’
      • ‘The second full-length disc from The Cooper Temple Clause finds them continuing to mash up rock, grunge and electronica with healthy abandon.’
      • ‘In the late '60s, while Chicano rock was rising on the West Coast, the Big Apple's NuYorican scene was mashing up Motown and mambos.’
      • ‘Future functionality will include the ability to mash up the softphone with webcams, Meebo, Flickr, etc.’
      • ‘They toyed with Afro-Brazilian hoo-hah for a good few years before they started mashing up ragga, noise, punk, and R&B.’
      • ‘Director Adrian Lyne mashes up motifs from some of his past films, most notably 9 1/2 weeks, Flashdance and Fatal Attraction.’
      • ‘The London-born outfit emerged a few years ago and have spent their time since then mashing up an eclectic set of influences in a sound which can best be described as thrilling.’
      • ‘As one third of the mix and blend crew he's most at home mashing up the styles to produce a sound 100% his own.’
      • ‘That would help scientists and students gain easy access to the latest research data, and help websites that mash up material from a variety of sources.’
      • ‘Matthew has mashed up Google Maps with the National Rail website to create Vaguely live train maps.’

Origin

Old English māsc (as a brewing term), of West Germanic origin; perhaps ultimately related to mix.

Pronunciation:

mash

/maʃ/