Main definitions of mantle in English

: mantle1mantle2

mantle1

noun

  • 1A loose sleeveless cloak or shawl, worn especially by women:

    ‘she was wrapped tightly in her mantle’
    • ‘Mary stands within a rayed mandorla, dressed in a mantle fastened by cords, over a gown.’
    • ‘She clapped her little white hands for her attending eunuch, and let the flabby monster wrap her in her mantle.’
    • ‘Tamora drew her cloak about her, appreciating the warm mantle with its fur lining, whilst the air chapped her lips and pinched her nose and cheeks.’
    • ‘She came to the conclusion that Bridget and Sibyl Nevile were just children and pulled her mantle over her wet shoulders in a pout.’
    • ‘A mantle billowed up from the cloak and settled about her shoulders, holding the medallion in place.’
    • ‘It had a more classic style than Brigg's own coat, and it even sported a mantle over the shoulders.’
    • ‘Her back was turned to me, so I could only see her short crop of black hair and the red mantle she wore.’
    • ‘Her eyes were everywhere: on my gown, my mantle, our horses, and most of all, I thought, resting on the face of Gyric, with its linen wrap over the eyes.’
    • ‘In the painting Mark stands in a pulpit, preaching to a group of oriental women swathed in white mantles.’
    • ‘His long-nailed, perfectly manicured white hands clutched at her, dragging the mantle off her face.’
    • ‘The lower part of her mantle cascades in regular folds, but the hem represents a noticeable display of wind blown drapery.’
    • ‘She was dressed richly, both her gown and mantle a rich scarlet velvet, trimmed in beautiful white fox fur.’
    • ‘The stress in the whole collection falls on the classical mantles, and suits with waist-length coats have been combined with A-like silhouettes.’
    cloak, cape, shawl, wrap, stole
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    1. 1.1 A covering of a specified sort:
      ‘the houses were covered with a thick mantle of snow’
      • ‘Much of the island is a mantle of ice more than half a mile thick.’
      • ‘Wrapped in fleecelike mantles of bacteria, the worms live in papery tubes, which they burrow into the sides of deep-sea geysers.’
      • ‘It had snowed for the last few days, and the woods were buried in a perfect untouched mantle of thick fresh snow.’
      • ‘Geologists have been intrigued that such massive failures could take place in a rocky terrain with a thin mantle of soil in otherwise stable landforms.’
      • ‘And in the distance suddenly emerging from its mantle of clouds, the impressive sight of a snow-capped Mount Rainier.’
      • ‘The highest mountains were cloaked in mantles of snow and ice with glaciers perched in the hanging valleys as though suspended by some invisible thread from the summits.’
      • ‘She could see nothing for miles but more stony peaks glittering in their mantles of silver and white.’
      • ‘There is enough filtered moonlight to reveal the tip of a glacier hanging like a tongue out of the mantle of clouds.’
      • ‘Thirty miles away, the lofty peaks appeared sugar coated under their mantle of winter snow.’
      covering, layer, blanket, sheet, veil, curtain, canopy, cover, cloak, pall, shroud, screen, mask, cloud, overlay, envelope
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2Ornithology A bird's back, scapulars, and wing coverts, especially when of a distinctive colour:
      ‘many gulls are all white except for dark grey mantle and wings’
      • ‘During a night watch, while the male godwits were incubating, it was noted that the females stood sleeping on the poles with their bills tucked backwards in their mantles.’
      • ‘Yellow wings, closed at his back in a mantle that stretched from shoulder to ankle, opened.’
      • ‘In breeding plumage, it has a light gray mantle with silvery-white primaries.’
      • ‘Juveniles appear similar to adults in non-breeding plumage, but the gray mantle is mottled.’
    3. 1.3Zoology (in molluscs, cirripedes, and brachiopods) a fold of skin enclosing the viscera and secreting the shell.
      • ‘They are characterized by a single, pseudobivalved shell which enclosed the mantle and muscular foot.’
      • ‘Squids on earth still have a vestige of a shell inside their mantles.’
      • ‘In that species, algal endosymbionts occur in both the mantle and gills.’
      • ‘A bivalve is characterized by possessing two shells secreted by a mantle that extends in a sheet on either side of the body.’
      • ‘A bundle of giant nerve fibres tied to the mantle give them very rapid reflexes.’
  • 2An important role or responsibility that passes from one person to another:

    ‘the second son has now assumed his father's mantle’
    • ‘There she very quickly adopted the mantle of the Queen Mum, the nation's favourite grandmother - and to hang with the cost.’
    • ‘We have tried and tried again at picking up the mantles of authority only to find them alternately too big and too small.’
    • ‘And of course you're handing on the mantle to your son, are you not, so you're keeping it in the family.’
    • ‘The historic achievement that they are chasing is the mantle of being the first ever Waterford club to be crowned as Munster Club football champions.’
    • ‘But by running for and taking the mantle of chief justice, Moore accepted the code of ethics that came with the job.’
    • ‘It was intended that the mantle should fall on to a nephew who was brought into the firm just before the Second World War but he died in his early forties in 1959.’
    • ‘So, I have taken on the mantle of cook, which is fine - I like cooking.’
    • ‘He just happens to be a man among men - the mantle of leadership thrust upon his humble shoulders and dragged to new heights.’
    • ‘Now that Bob Hope is no longer available to make surprise walk-ons, I think the mantle should be passed on to Stan.’
    • ‘That's the way it had been for over four hundred years, the mantle passing from father to son, the reason lost somewhere in time.’
    • ‘In subtle and not-so-subtle ways the mantle was passed from one generation to another.’
    • ‘It remains to be seen after May's parish council elections who will be willing take on the mantle of chairman and continue with the next stage of the transformation.’
    • ‘From what he told me, his grandfather passed the mantle onto him years ago.’
    • ‘Within a superb trio of opening tracks, he takes on the mantle of Stevie Wonder, Michael Jackson and 1999-era Prince.’
    • ‘He won't say it, but he's probably ready to pass the mantle at some point.’
    • ‘On reflection it seems that the sands of time are beginning to catch up on the ageing stars, while some of the young tigers seem to be finding it hard to assume the mantle of leaders.’
    • ‘That way, goes one theory, the PM can pass his mantle on to the stronger man.’
    • ‘Of course, this was the late 1960s and Laura had yet to marry a man named George and take up the mantle of First Lady of the United States of America.’
    • ‘It is not easy to calibrate his success but it stirs a seamless passion in those now ready to take on the mantle.’
    • ‘That will be a slower process: whoever picks up the mantle of Chinese leadership, he will not be a democrat, nor one reconciled to US domination.’
    role, burden, onus, duty, responsibility, function, position, capacity, task, job
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  • 3A mesh cover fixed round a gas jet to give an incandescent light when heated.

    • ‘Even so, it took another 20 years or so before electric lights had largely replaced gas mantles in American homes.’
    • ‘There was no electric in the house only gas, so the house had a gas mantle in each room and a small fire place.’
    • ‘The rare earths once had a valuable function in gas mantles and lighter flints.’
    • ‘Since gas mantles made with thorium are radioactive, their use has been phased out.’
    • ‘The incandescent gas mantle, developed by the German von Welsbach in 1885, greatly increased illuminating power and for a time helped fight off competition from electric lighting.’
  • 4Geology
    The region of the earth's interior between the crust and the core, believed to consist of hot, dense silicate rocks (mainly peridotite):

    ‘magmas erupted at mid-ocean ridges are derived from the upper mantle’
    [as modifier] ‘mantle rock’
    [mass noun] ‘the presence of hot mantle leads to melting at the base of the lithosphere’
    • ‘Because it is less dense than the surrounding mantle, the magma rises toward the surface.’
    • ‘No one is ever likely to get a direct sample of material from the fiery mantle itself.’
    • ‘Hot new ocean crust forms at midocean ridges, cools, and sinks back into the mantle, shedding heat and driving the plates.’
    • ‘Earthquake waves travel slowly through the hotter regions of the mantle and speed up in colder, denser areas.’
    • ‘The build-up of heat under the mantle initiates, at some point, the formation of convection.’
    1. 4.1 The part of another planetary body corresponding to the earth's mantle:
      ‘the lunar mantle’

verb

  • 1literary [with object] Cloak or envelop:

    ‘heavy mists mantled the forested slopes’
    • ‘The other airily swings his torches of love, their flames mantling a cloud on which Jupiter's eagle fierily reposes.’
    • ‘But there is also a beauty of expression that mantles the whole work.’
    • ‘Sunset had mantled the horizon with primrose, so that the evening sky blended with the garden, but there was still enough light to show him he wasn't the only one to flee the massed family.’
    • ‘Sunlight sparkled on the snow mantling the trees, while deep drifts, their hollows moulded with blue shadow, were draped between the trees like sculpture.’
    • ‘However, sediment drifts mantle the western margins, and slope fans locally encroach onto the rise of the eastern margin.’
    cover, envelop, veil, cloak, curtain, shroud, swathe, wrap, blanket, screen, cloud, conceal, hide, disguise, mask, obscure, surround, overlay, clothe
    enshroud
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    1. 1.1archaic (of blood) suffuse (the face):
      ‘a warm pink mounted to the girl's cheeks and mantled her brow’
      • ‘A moment of historical awareness would mantle his cheeks with a blush of shame.’
    2. 1.2archaic [no object] (of the face) glow with a blush:
      ‘her rich face mantling with emotion’
    3. 1.3archaic [no object] (of a liquid) become covered with a head or froth:
      ‘the poison mantled in the bowl’
  • 2[no object] (of a bird of prey on the ground or on a perch) spread the wings and tail so as to cover captured prey:

    ‘the female Goshawk is feeding while mantling with spread wings over her prey’
    • ‘Low growls of warning were echoing from the throats of the wolves while the raptors mantled their wings and hissed in agitation.’
    • ‘This rabbit has no time to squeal, for Freya has it, and is mantling it, sheltering it beneath widespread wings, even her black tail feathers, with their white base and band, spread apart to hide it from our gaze.’
    • ‘She arched her back, mantling her wings threateningly as she stalked to stand in front of her rescuer.’
    • ‘He lowered his arm slowly, cautiously, extending it well away from him, and the bird mantled as it shifted its weight to balance on his wrist.’

Origin

Old English mentel, from Latin mantellum cloak; reinforced in Middle English by Old French mantel.

Pronunciation:

mantle

/ˈmant(ə)l/

Main definitions of mantle in English

: mantle1mantle2

mantle2

noun

Pronunciation:

mantle

/ˈmant(ə)l/