Definition of malignancy in English:

malignancy

noun

  • 1The state or presence of a malignant tumour; cancer:

    ‘after biopsy, evidence of malignancy was found’
    • ‘A relatively important, yet underemphasized criterion of malignancy in prostate cancer is the presence of nucleomegaly.’
    • ‘She has no evidence of malignancy, inflammatory disease, hemorrhage, or chronic infection.’
    • ‘Poor prognostic indicators include poorly responsive disease, delay in diagnosis and the presence of malignancy.’
    • ‘There was no evidence of dysplasia or malignancy.’
    • ‘Meningitis as a presenting symptom of malignancy would be extremely rare.’
    • ‘Presumptive diagnoses ranged from a malignant pleural tumor to malignancy occupying the complete lower lobe.’
    • ‘Examination of cells under the microscope to identify the presence of malignancy.’
    • ‘In these cases, the presence of distant metastasis was a clear sign of malignancy.’
    • ‘Kaposi's sarcoma is the most common skin malignancy associated with HIV infection.’
    • ‘‘Current patients with a diagnosis of malignancy will be admitted at the discretion of medical staff,’ the hospital stated.’
    • ‘Tumours of high malignancy will sometimes have spread widely before they are diagnosed.’
    • ‘A whole-body bone scan showed no evidence of bony metastases, and a mammogram showed no evidence of malignancy.’
    • ‘We found no evidence of malignancy, but dysplastic changes were present in the glandular cells.’
    • ‘Infections must be treated aggressively, and surveillance for unusual infections, malignancy, or autoimmune disease is critical.’
    • ‘The systemic features of both entities can mimic occult infection, malignancy, multiple myeloma and connective tissue disease.’
    • ‘A 66-year-old woman with no previous history of malignancy presented with melena.’
    • ‘Always consider esophageal malignancy when dysphagia is present.’
    • ‘The patient's history of smoking and the initial presentation of malignancy in the lung are compatible with a lung primary.’
    • ‘Cytoplasmic vacuolization in this setting should not be considered evidence of malignancy in men with gynecomastia.’
    • ‘A previous fine needle aspirate of the thyroid had revealed atypical follicular cells but no obvious evidence of malignancy.’
    1. 1.1[count noun] A cancerous growth:
      ‘a malignancy had been removed from the left ventricle’
      • ‘The tumour cells in these malignancies and not the adjacent normal tissues have the evidence of the virus DNA and the virus proteins.’
      • ‘The test comes down to giving them varying doses of a mutagen or carcinogen and observing whether malignancies develop.’
      • ‘Each successive classification of salivary neoplasia holds space for malignancies that defy these classification schemata.’
      • ‘Can prolonged administration of endothelial antiapoptotic agents influence the growth of malignancies?’
      • ‘None of the patients had endometrial hyperplasia or an underlying malignancy.’
      • ‘The cure rate for Hodgkin's disease is high but there is a risk of developing secondary malignancies.’
      • ‘All donors were screened for malignancies, autoimmune and certain neurological disorders, and any high-risk behavior.’
      • ‘The examination revealed a cancerous tumour, and a biopsy revealed a malignancy.’
      • ‘There were 18 solid tumors, 11 hematologic malignancies, and 2 of unknown primary.’
      • ‘When the mutation occurs in a cell, it essentially takes the brakes off the cell's growth, causing a malignancy.’
      • ‘Patients with the syndrome should be screened for an underlying malignancy or autoimmune disorder.’
      • ‘Alterations in the expression of retinoid receptors are implicated in human malignancies.’
      • ‘In contrast, tumor cells don't know when to die, thereby exacerbating the uncontrolled growth of malignancies.’
      • ‘Helicobacter pylori infection has been associated with the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer disease and gastric malignancies.’
      • ‘Solid malignancies and nonhematologic diseases were classified as high risk.’
      • ‘Dr. Folkers began to raise money to pursue his dream of using CoQ10 to treat malignancies.’
      • ‘Tubular adenomas account for 75% of adenomas but comprise only 5% of malignancies.’
      • ‘Second nonocular malignancies develop with increased incidence in patients with hereditary retinoblastoma.’
      • ‘The patient had no history of a concurrent or subsequent ovarian or pancreatic carcinoma or an invasive malignancy at any site.’
      • ‘Alternatively, infiltrating microglia near a focus of radiation necrosis may be mistaken for a malignancy in a treated glioma.’
    2. 1.2[count noun] A form of cancer:
      ‘diffuse malignancies such as leukaemia’
      • ‘These findings are especially critical because it is important to distinguish fibroadenoma from malignancies.’
      • ‘Conversely, up to 5% of gastric malignancies are lymphomas.’
      • ‘We included patients with multiple myeloma but excluded other haematological malignancies.’
      • ‘Additionally, atypical lipomas were considered as malignancies.’
      • ‘Melanoma affects a younger patient population than many malignancies.’
      • ‘Carcinoma of the larynx is a rare malignancy in the paediatric age group.’
      • ‘Similarly, workup of the bone marrow for lymphoma and plasma cell malignancies is aided by immunophenotyping.’
      • ‘Breast carcinoma is one of the most common malignancies among women worldwide.’
      • ‘The most urgent diagnosis is retinoblastoma, a malignancy most likely arising from retinal germ cells.’
      • ‘The most common clinical presentation of urachal malignancy is hematuria, especially in carcinomas.’
      • ‘Patients with this malignancy most often present with a cervical mass from metastatic spread to a lymph node.’
      • ‘The commonest malignancies are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.’
      • ‘One half of these malignancies are rhabdomyosarcomas originating in striated muscle.’
      • ‘Among the neoplastic lesions, both primary and metastatic malignancies must be considered.’
      • ‘With all immunosuppressive treatment regimens, there is an increased rate of malignancies, especially lymphomas.’
      • ‘And since this group of malignancies primarily affects elderly patients, such a procedure is particularly arduous and sometimes impossible.’
      • ‘Ewing's sarcoma is a childhood malignancy of bone and soft tissue.’
      • ‘In its biologic behavior, desmoplastic fibroma is probably closer to low-grade malignancies than to usual benign lesions of bone.’
      • ‘A child with this malignancy can present acutely with severe dyspnea and, occasionally, superior vena cava syndrome.’
      • ‘Squamous cell carcinoma and tumors of lymphoid tissue are the main malignancies of the pharynx.’
      • ‘High-grade soft tissue sarcomas are a group of malignancies that often affect otherwise healthy young people.’
  • 2The quality of being malign:

    ‘her eyes sparkled with renewed malignancy’
    • ‘By the very nature of what it is, Empires are malignant, not benign though they cloak this malignancy with shallow kindness.’
    • ‘We know we harbor the same malignancy and malice, the same greed and injustice that we detest in others.’
    • ‘I get angry, but I don't hate because hate causes malignancy in me, not the person I'm hating.’
    rancour, malevolence, vitriol, spite, spitefulness, vindictiveness, malice, maliciousness, malignity, malignancy, viciousness, nastiness, ill will, ill feeling, animosity, animus, acrimony, acrimoniousness, bitterness, embitterment, embitteredness, sourness, resentment, grudgingness, virulence, antagonism, hostility, bad blood, bile, spleen, gall, enmity, hate, hatred, dislike, antipathy, aversion
    View synonyms

Pronunciation:

malignancy

/məˈlɪɡnənsi/